Don's Home Health
Under Construction

Evaluating

Maintaining

Disease/
Injuries

Products/Treatments

Other

Vitals
Chemistry
Weight
Fitness
Lifestyle
Nutrition
Excercise
Causes
Diagnoisis
Treatment
Travel
To be added
Medication (Traditional/Herbal)
Wearable (braces/heat pads/...)
Environment (Furniture/beds/humidifiers)
Treatments (Acupuncture, chiropractic, ...)
Drugs
Alternative Therapies (Reflexology, Acupressure, ...)
Assisted Care - Costs, Insurance
Mental Health (Psychological/Relaationships)
Ways Your Mate/Spouse Can Affect Your Health
Medicare
Reference Sites

Evaluating Your General Health

Vitals

Blood Pressure

Category Blood Pressure Reading
Normal Range Below 120/80
Pre-hypertension 120/80 - 139/89
Stage 1 hypertension 140/90 - 159/99
Stage 2 hypertension 160/100 or higher
See: www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp

Heart Rate

Average: 72 beats per minute
Normal range for sinus rythm - 50 to 90 beats a minute.
children 1 to 10 years - 70 to 120 beats per minute 
adults - 60 to 100 beats per minute 
well-trained athletes - 40 to 60 beats per minute 
Optimal Heart Rate when excercising
See Lab Tests Online and Montana St. U.
Heart Rate Variability (HRV)

Temperature/Feaver

Mean temperature for young, healthy adults: 98.2° F +/- 0.7° F Feaver: low grade 99.4-102 (call a doctor with 100 or higher in children) high grade > 103 (102 and above with breathing that is rapid and sounds tight or vomiting - see doctor right away) See Family Doctor

Chemistry

Cholesterol
There are two types of 
Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) -Bad Lousy / Bad Cholesterol
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) - Good
Good - Total<200  LDL<130  HDL>60  tot/HDL<4  
Bad  - Total>239  LDL>159  HDL<40 
These guidelines vary depending on the source
The primary predictor for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) (Atherosclerosis) is a ratio.
It was Total/HDL, now it is LDL(bad) / HDL (good).
See Cholesterol

Note: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) changed the recomended level for treatment with medication. See Cholesterol for more.
Triglicerides
 Good <150  Bad >199

Fasting Glucose
  Normal  65-109
 
PSA
<4.0 ug/L, (<2.5 When taking Saw Palmetto)
Note: Values obtained with different methods or reagents cannot be direclty compared. 

Bone Density T-score > -1

Weight

Body Mass Index (BMI) = Weight (kg) / Height squared (m2) or lbs. * 703 /in.2   - Table , Calculator at NIH (National Institutes of Health)
Classification of Overweight and Obesity by BMI, Waist Circumference, and Associated Disease Risks




Disease Risk* Relative to Normal Weight and Waist Circumference

BMI
(kg/m2)
Weight
for 5'-7"
Obesity
Class
Men ≤ 40 in
Women ≤ 35
Men > 40 in
Women > 35 in
Underweight
< 18.5
≤ 118
-
-
Normal *
18.5 - 24.9
119-159
-
-
Overweight
25.0 - 29.9
160-191
Increased
High
Obesity
30.0 - 34.9
192-222
I
High
Very High

35.0 - 39.9
223-254
II
Very High
Very High
Extreme Obesity
40.0 +
255+
III
Extremely High
Extremely High
*     Disease risk for type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and Cardiovascular Disease (CVD).
    There is evidence that risk for type 2 diabetes starts to increased at BMI > 22.
+     Increased waist circumference can also be a marker for increased risk even in persons of normal weight.
Source: Classification and Risks of Overweight and Obesity at the NIH's National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Note: Asians have a higher proportion of body fat, so are at higher risk at a lower body fat. Singapore and Hong Kong list normal levels at 18.5-22.9. Note: BMI Does not work for persons younger than 18, Frail or sedentary elderly people, Competitive athletes, Bodybuilders, Pregnant or nursing women. e.g. "Michael Jordan and Mark McGwire have had BMIs of 30. which make them obese." Body Fat is a better measurement.

* A 2007 report, issued by the American Institute for Cancer Prevention and the World Cancer Research Fund says there is a link between weight and cancer risk. It recommends keeping Body Mass Index between 21 and 23. See: When It Comes to Avoiding Cancer, Weight Matters at U.S.News

Obesity Data by State
More information here.

Other Weight/Height tables are based on frame size (small, medium, large) Although results vary by height an average for ideal BMI by frame size is: Small: 20-22, Medium: 21-24, Large: 22-26
See tables and how to determine frame size at: Am I Fat and U. Michigan

See More information here.

Body Fat

See Body Fat Measurement and Information
Intl. Journal of Obesity 1998 - Men

Age

20-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60+

Low

13

17

20

22

22

Standard

17

20

23

24

25

Medium

21

24

26

27

28

High

26

28

29

30.7

31.3

Women

Age

20-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60+

Low

20

22

25

28

29

Standard

24

25

28

32

33

Medium

27

28

31

35

36

High

32

34

36

38

39

Fitness Tests

Fitness Tests here based on Cooper Institute.
How Fit Are You at Health A to Z
MUSCULAR STRENGTH AND ENDURANCE at U. Mass
Fitness quiz  WomenCentral.com

Coast Guard Fitness Requirements
Navy ROTC Requirements
 Fitness Trends

Maintaining Your General Health

Lifestyle

Real Age.com - Uses factors such as general health, lifestyle, medical conditions, diet and nutrition, stress, and exercise to determine your life expectancy.

Ways to Live Longer

Stress

At "Lifestyle, social factors, and survival after age 75: population based study "| The BMJ (British Medical Journal),
Debora Rizzuto reported on the Kungsholmen Project, which followed 1810 adults aged 75 or more for 18 years.

 Factors that improved longevity (Amount of life extension):
Low risk profile           5.4 years
 (healthy lifestyle, participation in at least one leisure activity,
  and a rich or moderate social network)
 
Swimming, Walking, or gymnastics 2.0 years (0.7 to 3.3 years)
 

Nutrition

Nutrition page here.
Chronic Disease Prevention - Improving Nutrition and Increasing Physical Activity at the CDC
Strengthening your immune system.

Supplements and Alternative medicine

Alternative Medicine
Probiotics - Good bacteria in the digestive tract. (Yogurt)

Excercise

Optimal Heart Rate when exercising.

Hydration (water)

Don't Drink Hot Tap Water
Lead Paint

Exercise Page
The sports page and Sports Injuries page
Activity Trackers

Other

HealthfulLife.umdnj.edu
The ExRx (Exercise Prescription) site has information about proper exercise, injuries, fitness regiments, etc.
Sun Protection
Electro Magnetic Fields (EMF)
Longevity - Life expectancy

Disease/Injuries

International Classification of Diseases (ICD) at thw World Health Organization (WHO)
Classification of Diseases,d Functioning & Disability at the National Center for Health Statistics at the CDC.

Diagnosis - Treatments - Cures - Hospitals

Heart Attack
Heart Disease - Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Diarrhea: Traveler's Diarrhea
Anaphylaxis (epipen)
Bee and Wasp stings
Sports Related Pain and Injuries::
  Legs, Knee, Feet, Sprains & Strains, Bruises, Blisters,
Back Pain and Spinal Injuries (Spine)
  Symptoms - Cause - Remedy

Ergonomics
Brain Cranium
Cancer
Sleep problems
Eyes
Diabetes
National Center for Emergency Medicine Informatics (NCEMI)
Wound treatment
Bug Bites - Identifying what bit you
Germs - Pathogens (Viruses, Bacteria, Protozoans, Fungi)
The Color of Your Snot

                                      Colds   Flu
    Days from infection to symptoms    2-3    1-4
Days contagious after symptoms start   2-3    5-7
                  Time to run course 1-2 wks 1-2 wks
Colds
  Sore Throat
  Sinusitis
HIV/AIDS
Vision
Earwax/Ear Wax
Staph Infection
Mental Health
Neurological disorders
Lead Paint
Outdoor related problems:
Ticks
Dehydration
Hypothermia
Bee or Wasp stings see Anaphylaxis and EpiPen
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) - Altitude Sickness
Hypothermia
Blisters
Poison Oak
Poison Ivy
Sprains & Strains
Bruises
Sexual Dysfunction
Slumped Shoulders

Treatment:
Pain Relievers
Sleep Aids
Drugs for Anxiety and Depression
Antimicrobial
Disinfecting/Disinfectants | Hand Sanitizers
Health Costs by age and Medical Service Costs
Medical Mistakes
Wilderness medicine - first aid kits

General Info:
Deaths (Cause, Rate by Age, Life Expectancy)
Longevity (life expectancy by age)
Computer Interface for people with Impairments
Rescue Squad 911 calls:
Type %
Fall Victim 15.5%
MVA - Motor Vehicle Accident 14.6%
Difficulty Breathing 13.7%
Chest Pain 10.5%
Syncope (fainting) 6.3%
Fire (backup FD) 7.0%
Feeling Ill 4.7%
Abdominal Pain 4.3%
Seizure 4.1%
Unresponsive 4.0%
Dizzy/Faint 3.9%
Weakness 3.5%
Back Pain 3.0%
Possible Stroke 2.9%
Diabetic Emergency 2.0%
Potential Life Threatening 36%
Average 1 medical 911 call per day per 1,250 households

Other:
Dental - Dentist
Alcohol
Dandruff - Scalp

Here are some Internet reference sources for Health.

Other related topics:
Physicians
Counterfeit Drugs
Dangerous Drugs and Products | Recall Report
Sports Physiology
Heart Rate Variability (HRV)
Donating Blood
Computer Interface for people with Disabilities
lactic acid (lactate)
Baby and Children's health
Premature Birth

Return to Don's Home.
last updated 3 May 2014