Don's Home Sports Sports Physiology and Medicine
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Primary body systems for sports
  Muscular Skeletal system (muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons)  
    See Muscle Energy Supply
      Sports Biomechanics and Kinesiology 
  Cardiovascular system (heart, arteries and veins)
    See Cardiovascular System
  Respiratory system 
    See Maximum Oxygen Consumption Primer

Common Sports Injuries:
Iliotibial Band Syndrome
Ski Injuries and Ski Injuries - Knees - ACL

ACH (acetocholine) is a neurotransmitter. When ACH is released from the neuron it binds to the receptor on the muscle. At this point the muscle will open up calcium channels and an action potential will happen in the muscle. This means that the muscle depolarizes and more and more calcium is released into the cell.

ADP (adenosine diphospate) results when the terminal phospate molecule is cleaved from ATP.

Anaerobic exercise is short-lasting, high-intensity activity, where your body's demand for oxygen exceeds the oxygen supply available. Anaerobic exercise relies on energy sources that are stored in the muscles
Lactic acid is a by-product of producing energy anaerobically. It produces muscular fatigue.
Overall, anaerobic exercise burns fewer calories than does aerobic exercise and may be somewhat less beneficial for cardiovascular fitness. However, it is better at building strength and muscle mass and still benefits the heart and lungs. In the long run, increased muscle mass helps a person become leaner and manage his weight, because muscle uses large amounts of calories.
See Reference Guide to Anaerobic Exercise | SparkPeople

ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) is manufactured when glucose (sugar) is broken down to lactic acid. High-intensity efforts requiring 1 to 3 minutes before energy (ATP) is primarily drawn from this system. More commonly referred to as anaerobic glycolysis.

Biomechanics - The sport science field that applies the laws of mechanics and physics to human performance.
See Sports Biomechanics and Kinesiology

CPK (creatine phosphokinase) an enxyme which reacts with ADP to form ATP. During short, high intensity contractions, CP serves as the major source of energy. This form of energy generation is often called alactic anaerobic because it neither produces lactate nor requires oxygen. It is of paramount importance in sports requiring bursts of speed or power such as sprints of 10 seconds or less in duration.

CV - CardioVascular

Sarcomere - The functional unit of a muscle and is made of actin and myosin. Actin and myosin will slide the actin closer together causing the sacromere to contract. When myosin first binds to actin it has ADP attached to it. It then pulls the actin down by releasing the ADP.
See Stages of A Muscle Contraction

Feltham Press: Exercise Physiology Glossary
Exercise Physiology Terms (Whole List) flashcards | Quizlet
Glossary of Sports Medicine Terms

Heart rate guide
How to Walk: Improve Your Strike, Lessen Leg and Back Pain
Physiology - Skeletal System
Nismat / Patients / Fitness / Sports Physiology >
  Maximum Oxygen Consumption Primer | Muscle Physiology Primer | Muscle Energy Supply
Sports Medicine - Sports Injuries & Workouts
Anatomy and Physiology

last updated 7 Sep 2015