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Prehistory | Early History | Evolution
Members of the hominid family, Homo Erectus and Homo heidelbergensis that are from 500,000 1.6 million years old have been found in Europe and Asia. There are two theories for for the origin of homo sapien.
Earliest know ancestor in the bipedal, upright, hominid family (see taxonomy) is Sahelanthropus tchadensis, which lived about 6-7 M years ago in Chad, Africa.
See Fossil Sites in Biology
Pierolapithecus Catalaunicus (13 M B.C.) is discovered in Spain. It is believed by some to be the link between early humans and the apes (gorillas, orangutans and chimpanzees families.) Homo Erectus (1.6 M B.C.) is believed to have evolved into a separate species in Java, Indonesia. Remains are verified in Java and Turkana, Kenya. 1,000,000 B.C. Some people suggest Homo Erectus is differentiated between Homo Erectus African and Homo Erectus Asian about this period. Others suggest they evolved from separate species. 900,000 B.C. - Growing evidence suggests Homo Erectus (Ceprano) likely roamed Italy, Germany, Spain and Britain about this time. 800,000 B.C. Homo Erectus Stone tools are discovered in southern China. 500,000 B.C. Pithecanthropus (Homo Erectus), using the hand-axe, in Indonesia, China, Africa, and Europe. 400,000 B.C. Homo Neanderthals of Schoningen, Germany are using precisely designed throwing spears.1. The fossils from Dmanisi in the Republic of Georgia contain a mixture of anatomical features from erectus and habilis. They could arguably be considered to belong either to primitive H. erectus (or H. ergaster), or to a new species, Homo georgicus.
Out of Africa:
See Also: Haplogroups in DNA Genealogy.
Around 5-3,000 BC cultures had developed in China, Egypt and Mesopotamia (Assyrians, Sumerians, Babylonians).
Acording to the bible, Mohammad, founder of Islam, was descended from Abrahm's first son Ishmael (2080 BC-). The current Arabs come from this line.
The 12 sons of Abraham's grandson, Jacob (Israel) (2006-1859 BC), formed the 12 tribes of Israel.
According to The Milesian Legends the Scots originated in Scythia, an area between the Black and Caspian Sea in what is now Southern Russia, (2,400+ BC - 1,800 BC) and came to Scotland via Galicia (Spain) (1,800 BC - 1,700 BC) and Ireland (1,700 BC - 500 AD).
Around 930 BCE, Israel splits in the Southern Kingdom (Judah) Including Jerusalem and the area south (Tribes of Judah & Benjamin) and the Northern Kingdom (Israel) (other 10 tribes).
After the Babylonian conquest, 586 B.C., the southern tribes were scattered throughout asia and then Europe and became known by different names, like Saxons, Khumri, Danes, Kimmerians, Angles, Jutes, and all of the various tribal groups that seem to appear out of nowhere in history.
Anglo-Israelites of various persuasions, both in England and the United States, have at least one thing in common. They believe that the modern Anglo-Saxons are the direct descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, and are therefore, "God's Chosen People."
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