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U.S. Energy Consumption per capita
Type % of total Av Annual Growth
1950 2008 1950-
2008
2000-
2008
Petroleum 38.5% 37.4% 0.6% -1.3%
Natural Gas 17.2% 24.0% 1.2% -0.9%
Coal 35.7% 22.6% -0.2% -1.0%
Nuclear 0.0% 8.5% 0.0%
Biomass 4.5% 3.9% 0.4% 2.2%
Hydro-electric 4.1% 2.5% -0.3% -2.6%
Other Renewable 0.0% 1.0% 9.2%
1,000 BPU per capita 228,750 326,846 0.6% -0.9%
Source: EIA (U.S. Energy Information Administration)- Annual Energy Review (AER)
Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source, 1949-2008
Chart Below
Total energy consumption per capita
Units: Kilograms of oil equivalent (kgoe)
Region 1990 2005
Asia (excluding Middle East) 776 1,052
Central America & Caribbean 1,243 1,366
Europe 4,080 3,773
Middle East & North Africa 1,185 1,766
South America 970 1,151
Developed Countries 4,756 4,720
Developing Countries 685 976
High Income Countries 4,906 5,524
Low Income Countries 432 492
Middle Income Countries 1,365 1,509
United States 7,700 7,886
Japan 3,595 4,135
Source: Total energy consumption per capita
at World Resources Institute (WRI) from the International Energy Agency (IEA)
See also: Oil: Crude and Petrleum Products - Energy Explained, Your Guide to Understanding Energy at DOE Energy Information Administration (EIA)


U.S. Energy usage
Electricity 40%
Transportation 28%
Heat 32%

Sector 1950 2008
Industrial 47% 31%
Transportation 25% 28%
Residential 17% 22%
Commercial 11% 19%
Source: EIA Energy Consumption by Sector

Source: The bottomless well: the twilight of fuel, the virtue of waste, and why we will never run out of Energy, By Peter W. Huber, Mark P. Mills

See also: World energy resources and consumption - Wikipedia

Industrial - Facilities and equipment used for producing and processing goods.
Commercial - Service-providing facilities and equipment (businesses, government, other institutions). [25%]

Greenhouse Gases:
Increase in Industrial Era (since 1750)
Carbon dioxide 35%
Methane 153%
Nitrous oxide 18%
See: Greenhouse Gases
Sector %
Transportation 33.0%
Industrial 27.4%
Residential 21.0%
Commercial 18.5%
Total 100.0%
Electric Power Generation 47.1%
See: Sources below

Source of Energy by type:
Type Sources %
Oil Gas Coal Nuclear Hydro solar wood
Electricity 3 20 50 20 7 .013
Transportation 97          
Heating 37          
Source: www.energyjustice.net/sources/

Residential Energy Sources:
Type 1961 2008
Electricity 26.9% 68.7%
Gas 36.1% 23.1%
Oil 25.0% 5.4%
Coal/Peat 5.7% 0.0%
Other * 6.3% 2.8%
* other includes geothermal, solar and biomass
Source:Manhattan Institute for Policy Research


Electricity Usage 2006
Residential 6.2%
Commercial 58.9%
Industrial 32.9%
Trans-portation 2.0%
Sources:
1. EIA - Electricity Basic Data from the DOE.gov

Residential Usage (one-fifth of total)
Heating/Cooling 42%
Lighting/Appliances 36%
Water Heating 14%
Refigeration 9%

Transportation:
The airlines industry consumes about 205 million tones of aviation fuel (kerosene) each year.
Gasoline 62% Diesel 24% Jet Fuel 8% Natural Gas 2% Other 4% Personal vehicles (cars and light trucks): 63% Cars 32% Light Trucks 28% Other Trucks 16% Aircraft 9% Boats 5% Construction & Agriculture 4% Pipelines 3% Trains & Buses 3% Source: Transportation use of Energy at eia.doe.gov 2007
From U.S. Department of Energy, Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 26-2007.
U.S. Electric Power Industry Net Generation 2008

Cost of electricity (per Killowat Hour):
Coal-fired 3.5 to 4 ¢
Natural-gas, combined cycle 5 to 6 ¢
Nuclear 5.5 to 6.5 ¢
Wind in favorable areas and
up to 20 percent of the supply:
4 to5 ¢
Solar
(without energy storage)
roughly 20 ¢
Source: Institute for Energy and Environmental Research (IEER) 2005


Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration (eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/)

Source of U.S. CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) Emissions (Million metric Tons)
Type 1990 2000 P2008 Avg. Annual Growth
M tons % M tons % M tons % 1990-
2008
2005-
2008
Petroleum 2,178 43.5% 2,458.0 42.1% 2,412.7 41.6% 0.6% -2.7%
Coal 1,797 35.9% 2,141.5 36.6% 2,130.4 36.7% 1.0% -0.5%
Natural Gas 1,026 20.5% 1,234.3 21.1% 1,246.9 21.5% 1.1% 1.9%
Total 5,007   5,844.3   5,801.6   0.8% -1.0%
Sources by Sector
Residential 957 19.1% 1,177.5 20.1% 1,221.1 21.0% 1.4% -0.9%
Commercial 784 15.7% 1,011.7 17.3% 1,075.8 18.5% 1.8% 0.5%
Industrial 1,683 33.6% 1,782.6 30.5% 1,587.8 27.4% -0.3% -1.7%
Transportation 1,583 31.6% 1,872.5 32.0% 1,916.8 33.0% 1.1% -1.2%
Total Energy 5,007 100.0% 5,844.3 100.0% 5,801.6 100.0% 0.8% -1.0%
Electric Power Generation 1,815 36.2% 2,294 45.8% 2,359 47.1% 1.5% -0.5%
Source: EIA - Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the U.S. 2008-Carbon Dioxide Emissions
(eia.doe.gov/oiaf/1605/flash/excel/Flash_2008.xls)
Average Population Growth 1990-2008 = 1.1% per year
_

The combined power generating capacity of new U.S. wind turbines installed in 2009 hit more than 9,900 megawatts, up from a gain of over 8,400 MW in the previous year. Total capacity hit more than 35,000 MW, or about enough to power 9.7 million homes. This is still only about 1% of total energy used.
 

Source: EIA - Annual Energy Review (AER)
Table 1.3 Primary Energy Consumption by Source, 1949-2008


1998  Energy Consumption

World 12.8 TW
US     3.3 TW (26%)  
We have 5% of the population but use 26% of the resources.

Source: Energy and Transportation: 
        Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century (2003)

Transportation:
Average car in New Jersey 20 MPG 12,500 miles/year

Average Mileage
1988   26 MPG
1999   24.5 MPG

Vehicle data - Number, Miles, Fuel Consumption

U.S. Source of Oil
N Amer 18.8%
  Canada 13.4%
  Mexico 5.3%
Middle-east 10.7%
  Saudi Arabia 6.3%
  Iraq 3.0%
  Kuwait 1.4%
S Amer 7.7%
  Venezuela 4.8%
  Columbia 1.9%
  Ecuador 0.6%
  Brazil 0.5%
Source: U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports | eia.gov
Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products | eia.gov


Source: U.S. Product Supplied of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels per Day)

Africa 4.6%
  Nigeria 2.7%
  Algeria 0.9%
  Angola 0.9%
Other 3.7%
  Russia 2.8%
  United Kingdom 0.6%
  Norway 0.3%
Total Imported 45.4%
Total Domestic 54.6%

Estimated energy prices by sector 2012 - 2040


Source: U. of Oslo - Energy consumption and living standard at physics.uio.no/energy/fys4540/FYS4540_slides_1.pdf

The average American uses twice the energy of the average European.

Energy Measurement:

Energy:
The metric unit for energy is the joule (J).
The english unit is British thermal unit (BTU)
1 Btu  = 1,055 J
1 joule = 1 watt (W) * 1 sec
1 MJ: one million joules
1 GJ = Giga (109) Joul
1 EJ  =  Exa (1018) Joul = 109 GJ =  .95 Quad
1 quad   quadrillion Btu   1015  Btu = 1.055 EJ 
1 toe   (metric) ton of oil equivalent    39.7 million Btu = 42 GJ
1 bboe   billion barrels of oil equivalent 5.8 million Btu = 1700 kWh
1 tce   (metric) ton of coal equivalent   27.8 million Btu
 KGOE (Kilograms of oil equivalent) - 41,868 kilojoules/kg = 11.628 kWh
   Approximate amount of energy that can be extracted from one kilogram of crude oil. 
1 mcf nat.gas (LHV) = 10.26 therm = 1.026 mmBtu = 1.082 GJ
1 KWh    Kilowatt-hour = 3,412 Btu

Power:
1 TW = Terra 10^12 (1 trillion) Watt = 31.5 EJ/year

Volume - weight:
bbl - Barrrel = 42 U.S. gallons
MMBbl - Million barrels
boe - Barrel of oil  equivalent = 42 U.S. gallons (35 Imperial gallons)
1.0 metric tonne (tonne) = 1000 kilograms = 2205 pounds = 7.3 barrels = 307 gallons
1.0 U.S. ton (short ton) = 2000 pounds
1.0 metric tonne (tonne) = 
 L: Liter = 0.2642 gal

Number prefixes (K, M, G, ...)
ppm - Parts per million
ppb - Parts per billion

Glossary here

Energy Content (Lower Heating Values):
Crude Oil = 6.119 GJ/bbl = 5.8 mmBtu/bbl  = 39.7 mmBtu/ton
                = 145.7 MJ/gal = 38.5 MJ/L = 41.868 MJ/kg (GJ/ton) 	
Gasoline  = 121.8 MJ/gal = 32.2 MJ/L = 43.69 MJ/kg =115 mBtu/gal
Diesel    =  135.5 MJ/gal = 35.6 MJ/L = 41.84 MJ/kg =128 mBtu/gal
Ethanol   =    80.2 MJ/gal = 21.2 MJ/L = 26.86 MJ/kg =  76 mBtu/gal
Biodiesel = 124.8 MJ/gal = 33.0 MJ/L = 37.47 MJ/kg =121mBtu/gal
Hydrogen @ 35MPa (HHV) = 10.22 MJ/gal = 2.7MJ/L = 120 MJ/kg
UN Standard Coal = 30 GJ/ton
   Bituminous    = 27-30 GJ/ton (MJ/kg) = 25-28 mmBtu/ton
    Subbitum.    =  20-26 GJ/ton (MJ/kg) = 19-24 mmBtu/ton
         Lignite =  10-19 GJ/ton (MJ/kg) = 9-18 mmBtu/ton
Natural Gas @ STP = 37 MJ/m3  = 36mBtu/m3  = 1025 Btu/ ft3 
    CNG @ 20MPa = 35.16 MJ/gal = 9.288 MJ/L = 50.04 MJ/kg 
LPG@1.5MPa =88.1MJ/gal=23.3MJ/L=19.8mBtu/lb=84.5 mBtu/gal 
Methanol = 63.3 MJ/gal = 16.71 MJ/L = 21.1MJ/kg = 52.8 mBtu/gal
Air-Dried (20% Moisture Content) Wood = 15 GJ/ton
Uranium = 80 GJ/g fissioned = 400 GJ/kg mined (fsnĠd =.5% mnĠd)
Energy GLossary Page at EIA DOE
Conversion Page
Measurement notations and abbreviations and prefixes (K, M, G, ...)

Books:
Energy Myths by Max Schulz
In The Bottomless Well, Peter Huber and Mark Mills

Links:
Energy Information Administration (EIA) www.eia.doe.gov/
  Energy And The Environment: Myths And Facts Update International Energy Agency (IEA)
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Sunil Somalwar's Energy pages
Energy Use Data Handbook: Handbook Tables (Canada)
  Total End-Use Sector
  Residential
  Commercial/Institutional
  Transportation
  Electricity Generation
  s Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Energy Use in the US at Wikipedia
Home Heating Costs
Table Comparing Current 2008 Home Heating Costs for Oil, Gas, Electricity, Firewood, coal, natural gas, propane, kerosene, heat pumps in the U.S.
Energy Abbreviations Page at DOE
Energy and The Environment: Myths and Facts (www.manhattan-institute.org)) pdf
The Institute for the Analysis of Global Security - Gossary
Pollution due to land travel, air travel, and food transportation
High Oil Prices Have Significant Effects on Consumers and the U.S. Economy at senate.gov


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last updated 14 Apr 2010