Antisemitism | Arab Israeli Wars | Bias in Arab-Israeli Conflict | Racism | Black Lives Matter
last updated 14 Dec 2023


The FBI collects and publishes hate crime data but reporting is voluntary and only about 80% of agencies submit data. Compliance changes from year to year. The data is also an undercount: fewer than half of hate crime victims report to police, according to the FBIs National Crime Victimization Survey.


American Indians have about 17 hate incidences per million.
Source: FBI Crime Data Explorer
* In recent decades, hate crimes have spiked nationally around presidential elections.
Hate crimes, particularly against Black people, rose in May in 2008, as Barack Obama was poised to take the Democratic nomination in a tight race.
Hate crimes against blacks surged 60% in 2020 when Biden was elected.

Δ See 2021 Israel-Palestine crisis

Note: Antisemitic incidents during the Gaza War in October 2023 were 4 times higher than in October 2022. Anti-Muslim Anti-Arab requests for help and complints in October 2023 were 3 times higher than in 2022.

Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity

FBI Hate Crime Statistics
Note: some of the data on their web site has not been updated since 2020

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) reported single-bias anti-Jewish hate crime incidents in the country sharply rose by more than 37% in 2022 and comprised more than half of all religion-based hate crimes in 2022.
Jews make up around 2 percent of the U.S. population. Yet, in 2022, according to the FBI data, reported antisemitic hate crime incidents accounted for 9.6 percent of all hate crimes.

Religion-based hate crimes, which represented approximately 18 percent of all reported hate crimes


Statistics:

Hate Crime Recorded by Law Enforcement, 20102019 | Bureau of Justice Statistics

Of the 8,327 hate crime offenses classified as crimes against persons in the updated 2021 dataset,

Source: FBI Releases Supplemental 2022 Hate Crime Statistics

The FBI is still using the term anti-jewish.
In an October 2023 press release President Biden was still using the term anti-semitic.

In 2021, while many were blaming the COVID pandemic on Asians, 67% of incidents involved harassment, such as verbal or written hate speech or inappropriate gestures.
40% occurred in public places. Stop-AAPI-Hate-Year-2-Report.


Hate Crime Bias Motivation Categories 2022
Race/Ethnicity/Ancestry (Black, White, Latino, Asian) 59.1%
Religion (Jewish, Muslim) 17.3%
Sexual Orientation (Homosexual, Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual) 17.2%
Gender Identity(Transgender, Anti-Gender Non-Conforming) 4.0%
Disability 1.5%
Gender 0.9%
Specific categories:
Anti-Black or African American; Anti-Jewish; Anti-Gay (Male); Anti-White; Anti-Hispanic or Latino; Anti-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Transgender (Mixed Group); Anti-Asian; Anti-Other Race/Ethnicity/Ancestry; Multiple Bias; Anti-Transgender; Anti-Multiple Races, Group; Anti-American Indian or Alaska Native; Anti-Lesbian (Female); Anti-Sikh; Anti-Islamic (Muslim); Anti-Gender Non-Conforming; Anti-Catholic; Anti-Other Christian; Anti-Mental Disability; Anti-Arab; Anti-Other Religion; Anti-Eastern Orthodox (Russian, Greek, Other); Anti-Female; Anti-Physical Disability; Anti-Protestant; Anti-Multiple Religions, Group; Anti-Bisexual; Anti-Church of Jesus Christ (Mormans); Anti-Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; Anti-Hindu; Anti-Heterosexual; Anti-Buddhist; Anti-Male; Anti-Atheism/Agnosticism; Anti-Jehovahs Witness

Location of Hate Crimes
The number of hate crimes at schools more than doubled from 500 in 2020 to more than 1,300 in 2022, according to a FBI Report issued January 29, 2024.
One in 10 US hate crimes occur at schools.
"From 2018 through 2022, the most common bias type of reported hate crime offenses at schools was Anti-Black or African American, with 1,690 reported hate crime offenses involving this bias type during the observed five years, followed by Anti-Jewish (745 offenses), and Anti-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Transgender (Mixed Group) (342 offenses),"
CNN


Religion-based hate crimes, which represented approximately 18 percent of all reported hate crimes
2018 - 2022
Religion Population
Milllion
% of
Incidents †
Incidents
per
Million
Anti-Sikh * 0.28 10% 399
Anti-Jewish 7.6 65% 124
Anti-Islamic 3.4 15% 47
Anti-Budhist 1.4 1% 12
Anti-Other Christian 13 4% 5
Anti-Hindu 3.3 1% 4
Anti-Catholic 70 5% 1
Anti-Morman 17 1% 1
Anti-Protestant 140 3% 0.3
† This a % of hate crimes in the religion category not all hate crimes.
* Sikhs stand out because of their head turbans.

I couldn't find a definition of "other Christian"


Source: Anti-Semitism in the United States: Statistics on Religious Hate Crimes | JewishVirtualLibrary
The increase of anti-Jewish attacks may have something to do with Twitter/X not removing hateful conduct accounts or the heat-up of the Hamas Israeli conflict.
Antisemitic Incidents Reported to the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) Increase Sharply During Israel-Hamas Conflict May 2021 | ADL

85% of Anti-Islamic attacks are not reported.

Source: Supplemental 2021 Hate Crime Statistics

Jewish population 7.6 million 2.4%
Muslim population 4.45 million 1.3%


Incidents related to religion decreased 18% in 2020 from 2019, with 1,244 total incidents reported. The largest category included Source: 2020 FBI Hate Crimes Statistics
Note: 2022 religious rates were 30% higher than 2020.

Dress code affects hate crimes

The number of hate crimes per million for Sikhs is 80-100 times higher than that for Hindus.
Both religious groups in India, but Sikhs stand out because of their head turbans.

According to one researcher, 69 percent of Muslim women who wore hijab reported at least one incident of discrimination; for those who did not wear hijab, it was 29 percent.
The FBI does not track hate crimes by gender.) But studies suggest that women, particularly those who wear hijab or niqab, shoulder a unique burden.
See: How Muslim women bear the brunt of Islamophobia | Washington Post

Most antisemitic hate crimes against Jewish people in New York City were targeted at Orthodox or Hasidic Jews and were perpetuated by people from other minority groups, a new report has found.
See: Majority of victims of antisemitic crime in NYC are ultra-Orthodox, Hasidic | Jerusalem Post

Asians hate crimes per million were 3 time that of Latinos and Black hate crimes were 8 times that of Latinos. Is this because they are easier to distinguish from whites?



October 2023 Gaza War triggers an increase in hate crimes:
See 2023 Israel-Hamas war | wikipedia

Anti-Muslim Anti-Arab requests for help and complints in October 2023 were 3 times higher than in 2022.
Antisemitic incidents in October 2023 were 4 times higher than in 2022.

Sources:
The Anti-Defamation League, is an American Jewish advocacy group
The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), is a Muslim civil rights organization,
Why the Gaza War Has Sparked a Wave of Antisemitism and Islamophobia in the US | Voice of America (VOA)


I think that Jewish success in business, science, politics, ... has resulted in resentment by many towards them.
The same effect as rural americans resenting the educated elite on the coasts and turning to Donald Trump.

See Jewish Success


> Hate Crime Laws:
States differ as to what is a hate crime and what data must be collected.


Source: Hate Crime Laws | Movement Advancement Project (MAP)
Glossary:
FBI Reporting:

FBI Releases 2022 Crime in the Nation Statistics | FBI October 2023
The FBI released detailed data on over 11 million criminal offenses reported to the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, largely through the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) and the Summary Reporting System (SRS).
law enforcement agency participation significantly increased, resulting in 14,631 law enforcement agencies, with a population coverage of 91.7% submitting incident reports.
Data is available at UCR's Crime Data Explorer.


Links:
For years, the FBI quietly stopped tracking anti-Arab violence and hate crimes
Arab Israel Wars
Hate Crime Facts and Statistics | FBI
Learn About Hate Crimes | FBI
Anti-Judaism | wikipedia
FBI Data Reflects Deeply Alarming Record-High Number of Reported Hate Crime Incidents in the U.S. in 2022 | Anti-Defamation League (ADL), Oct 2023
Statistics on Religious Hate Crimes | Jewish Virtual Library
A fuzzy distinction Anti-Judaism and anti-Semitism | University of Chicago Press Journals Links:
Report Hate Crimes to the FBI | FBI.gov
FBI Releases 2022 Hate Crime Statistics | Justice.gov The FBI has no idea how many hate crimes happen in America each year | 2015 Washington Post
American Views on Religions FBI Crime Data Explorer