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The Nations According to Genesis 10
Descendants of Noah (2350-2250 BC)
noah, ham, shem, gomer, ophir, lubim, abraham, abram, arabs, gentiles, philistines, canaanites, eber
* Boath was added to Finley Genealogy. See Ancient Finley roots.
See Descendants of Noah at the Bible genealogy page
and Abrahams lineage
Family tree of the Bible - Wikipedia

The idea that the three sons of Noah represented the eponymous ancestors of three major racial or linguistic groups. According to this interpretation, Ham was the ancestor of the dark\0x2011skinned peoples of Africa, Shem of the Hebrews and their various cognates, and Japheth the ancestor of the Medes, Persians, Greeks, and other peoples who, many centuries later, came to be known as Aryans. The total implausibility of such a theory, in the face of the historical, linguistic, archaeological, and ethnographical evidence, did not prevent its survival until the nineteenth century among scholars, and for very much longer among non-scholars.
Source: Bernard Lewis Cleveland E. Dodge Professor of Near Eastern Studies, Emeritus, at Princeton University. "Who Are the Semites? - My Jewish Learning"

A DNA study of Jews and Palestinian Arabs (including Bedouins) found that these were more closely related to both each other than to people of the Arabian peninsula, Ethiopian Semites (Amharic and Tigrean speakers), and the Arabic speakers of North Africa.
However, the term "anti-Semite", however, came by a circuitous route to refer to one hostile or discriminatory towards Jews in particular.
Source: Semitic people - Wikipedia

The shared genetic heritage of Jews and Palestinians |

Source: The atlas of bible lands (Hammond World Atlas Corporation)

This is where Descendants of Noah (Genesis 10 ) settled.

Abraham was descended from Noah's son Shem and grandson Arphaxad . According to 1 Cron 1:17-27.

Japheth is the father of the gentiles.
Phoeniusa Farsaidh, King of Scythia, son of Boath, son of Gomer, son of Japeth, son of Noah, was the ancestor of the scots according to some genealogies.
Abrham (Jewish Patriarch) is descended from Eber son of Shelah, Son of Arphaxad, son of Shem.

Abraham 1960 BCE and early Israel travels

[Genesis 12]

Abraham goes to Egypt because of a famine:
While Abraham was on this journey, a famine broke out in the land, so Abram went to Egypt, known as the storehouse of the world.
The famine ended, and Abram and his household, among them his nephew Lot, returned to their old place in Canaan.
[Genesis 12:10-17]

Isaac goes to the land of the Philistines because of another famine:
After Abraham's death, famine again swept over the land of Canaan. Isaac wanted to follow the example of his father Abraham and go to Egypt. However, God ordered him never to leave the land that had been promised to his father and to him, and Isaac traveled down only to the land of the Philistines.
[Genesis 26]

Jacob goes to Haran to escape Esau:
Issac's son Esau hated his brother Jacob for tricking their father into giving him his blessing. He vowed to kill Jacob as soon as Isaac died. When Rebecca heard about his murderous intentions,she ordered Jacob to travel to her brother Laban's house in Haran, until Esau's anger subsided.
[Genesis 27:41-45]

Joseph sold to merchants who take him to Egypt:
Jacob's son Joseph had angered his brothers by telling them dreams of his dominance over them. They threw him into a well. Then when some Midianite merchants came by, his brothers pulled Joseph up out of the cistern and sold him for twenty shekels of silver to the Ishmaelites. [Genesis 37:12-36]

Jacobs sons go to Egypt:
Another famine came over the region and Jacob sent his sons to Egypt to buy grain where they encountered their brother Joseph. [Genesis 42-43]

Joseph sends them back to get Jacob and the rest of the family to bring them to Egypt. Genesis 45

A new pharoh who did not Joseph enslaves the hebrews. Exodus 1:8 Moses, raised by Pharoh's daughter, was upset about the was treating the Hebrews and said something. Afraid of Pharoh he fled to the land of Midian.
Exodus 2:11-16
God appears to Moses and sends him back to confront Pharroah Exodus 3
Moses leads Israel across the Red Sea to the wilderness of Shur and on to Elim. Exodus 15:22-27

Jewish Diaspora and Occupation of the Holy Land, a timeline

Abraham's son "Ishmael's descendants settled in the area from Havilah to Shur, near the eastern border of Egypt, as you go toward Ashur."
[[Genesis 25:18]
Ishmael was born around 2080 BC

This is important in determining whether Muhammad, father of Islam, who came from Yemen was decended from Ishmael. See Munammad's lineage.

From the above map we see all the tribes which settled in the southern Arabian Peninsula were from Joktan, while Abraham and Ishmael were from Peleg.

          |       |     |
       Japeth   Shem   Ham   
         |                 |
        Peleg            Joktah
         ...      Ophir  Sheba Hazarmaveth Uzal Havilah
         ...             Yeman

Ezekiel Chapters 38 and 39 talks about the area around 600 BC.

See: Gog and the Land of Magog and an area for Gomer near the Black Sea | Finding Hope Ministries

Assyrian and Babylonian Exiles 734 BC -586 BC

2 Kings 18:10-11, 7 Bible verses about Exile Of Israel To Assyria
Daniel 1:1-7, 30 Bible verses about Babylon, Israel Exiled To

Median and Persian Achaemenid Empires 550 BCE

Between the 8th and 6th century B.C.E the Achaemenids were subordinate to the Assyriana and Medes, the two big powers of the ancient Near East.
In 550 B.C.E. the Achaemenids, led by Cyrus II the Great, overthrew the Median overlordship and founded the first Persian Empire.

Area in and around Roman Empire - 0 AD
Roman Empire, Sarmatia, Germania, Gallia, Hispania, Scythia, Judea, Syria
Mesopotamia, Britannia, Hibernia, Caledonia, Dacia, Armenia, Parthia, Macedonia

Scythia was an area in what is now southern Russia between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea between 600 BC and 100 AD. Scythians were nomads who also went westward into what is now Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Poland. A group may have also gone to northern Egypt.

They were wealthy and somewhat cultured.

Some of the descendants of Scythian rulers migrated to Galicia (Spain) (1,800 BC - 1,700 BC), then Ireland Ireland (1,700 BC - 500 AD) and Scotland (500 AD). Some analysts say that Scotland got its name from Scythia, others say it came from the wife of one of the rulers (daughter of an Egyptian Pharaoh) named Scota.

Adam to Abraham - Biblical Genealogy - Biblical Genealogy
The atlas of bible lands (Hammond World Atlas Corporation)
Jewish Diaspora and Occupation of the Holy Land, a timeline
"Who Are the Semites? - My Jewish Learning" - Bernard Lewis, Princeton U.
PLOS ONE: Ancient Migratory Events in the Middle East: New Clues from the Y-Chromosome Variation of Modern Iranians

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last updated 1 Mar 2016