Timeline of Proletarian/Socialist/Communist movements

  • 1789-1794 French Revolution to uproot centuries-old institutions such as absolute monarchy and the feudal system and taking power from the prosperous elite of wealthy commoners, merchants, manufacturers, and professionals, often called the bourgeoisie.
  • 1848 - Karl Marx, a German philosopher, economist, political theorist, sociologist, and Friedrich Engels wrote in the Communist Manifesto.
  • 1887 - Vladimir Lenin developed Leninism—the adaptation of Marxism to the backward socio-economic and political conditions of Imperial Russia
  • 1917 - Russian Revolution
  • 1917 - Lennin is a leader in the October Revolution, in which the Bolsheviks overthrew the new regime. They changed their organization's name to the All-Russian Communist Party
  • 1941 - Ho Chi Minh leads the Viet Minh independence movement against the French in Vietnam
  • 1945 - After World War II Britain, the United States, France, and the Soviet Union divided Germany and Austria into four occupation zones, each to be administered by one of the victorious powers. The cities of Berlin and Vienna were similarly divided and occupied.
    Soviet authorities were determined to establish regimes in eastern Europe that were friendly or subservient to the Soviet Union. Even before the Germans surrendered, Soviet occupation troops assisted local Communists in installing Communist dictatorships in Romania and Bulgaria.
    Indigenous Communist movements established dictatorships in Yugoslavia and Albania in 1945. In 1949, the Soviet Union established the Communist German Democratic Republic in its occupation zone of Germany.
    With the acquiescence of the western allies, the Soviets re-annexed eastern Poland, Bessarabia, and northern Bukovina. Though the Soviet Union also annexed the Baltic states, those annexations were never recognized by Britain or the United States.
  • 1945 - Communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam established
  • 1949 - Chinese Communists (Mao Zedong) defeat the Kuomintang (KMT) led by Chiang Kai-Shek. Chiang and his followers go to Taiwan.
  • 1950 Kim Il-sung leader of the Workers' Party of Korea (1949 to 1994) authorized the invasion of South Korea
  • 1950-53 - Korean War
  • 1956 Fidel Castro returns to Cuba to overthrow Juan Batista
  • 1957 Che Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, joins Fidel Castro
  • 1964-73 - Vietnam War
  • 1966 Mao initiated the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution
  • 1966 Guevara goes to Bolivia to help the revolution there
  • 1970 Salvador Allende becomes president of Chile and adopts a policy of nationalization of industries and collectivisation

The Spread of Communism
Marxist bibliography - Wikipedia
The Communist Manifesto - Bourgeoisie and Proletariat

last updated 6 Oct 2017