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|Wagon, Highway & Railroad Routes|
Source: "Historic Overland Emigrant Trail" brochure and map from the Forest Service
See Early Crossings by pioneers at the History of Transportation to California
Roads:The Dutch Flat & Donner Lake Wagon Road (DF&DLWR) was completed in 1864 to help in building the railroad. The road ran from Dutch Flat to Tinker's Station (Summit), to Donner Lake and then on to 'Coburns Station' (Truckee) and Lake's Crossing (Reno) Lincoln Highway, was completed in 1913.
Railroad:In 1862 congress passed an act to build a transcontinental railroad. It was started in 1863 and finished in 1869.
Speeds averaged from 25-40 MPH and it took 10 days from New York to Oakland.
The History of Transportation to California
Historical Donner Pass | OnTheSummit
"Trails of the First Wagons Over the Sierra Nevada" by Charles K. Graydon, 2d edition 1994,
"Seven Trails West" by Arthur King Peters (Abbeville Press)
"Year of Decision: 1846", Bernard DeVoto, 1943, reissued 2000, Focused on the migration of settlers via the Oregon and California trails and the Mexican War.
"Jedediah Smith and the Opening of the West" by Dale Morgan
"History of the Sierra Nevada" by Francis Farquahar
"The Dutch Flat Chronicles" by Russel Towle (Giant Gap Press, 1994).
"Donner Summit; A Brief History" by Margie Powell - Available at Donner Memorial State Park Information Center
"Historic Overland Emigrant Trail" brochure and map from the Forest Service