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AACCCM Anglo-American Cataloguing Committee for Cartographic Materials
AAES American Assn. of Engineering Societies
AAG Assn. of American Geographers
AAGS American Assn. for Geodetic Surveying
AAG Assn. of American Geographers
AAPG American Assn. of Petroleum Geologists
AARLS Arkansas Assn. of Registered Land Surveyors
AARS Asian Assn. on Remote Sensing
AASG American Assn. of State Geologists
AASP American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists
ABAG Assn. of Bay Area Governments (California)
ABET Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc.
ABS Australian Bureau of Statistics
ABSM Alberta Bureau of Surveying and Mapping
Abzw Abzweigstelle
AC Aerospace Center; Air Corps; American Cartographer (journal)
ACA American Cartographic Assn.; American Conservation Assn.; Automovil Club Argentino; Aerial Cartographics of America (Firm)
ACACC Assn. des cartothèques et archives cartographiques du Canada = Assn. of Canadian Map Libraries and Archives
ACAPS Automated Chart Production System (C&GS)
ACC Assn. des cartothèques et archives du Canada = Assn. of Canadian Map Libraries and Archives; Academia de Ciencias de Cuba
AC&C Office of Aeronautical Charting and Cartography (U.S.)
AccuDEM High-accuracy DEM
Accu-DRAPE High-accuracy DEM Draped Images
ACDDS Advanced Cartographic Data Digitizing System
ACE Advanced Cartographic Equipment; Advanced Cartographic Environment (PCI Carto Inc.)
ACEC American Consulting Engineers Council
ACG Address Coding Guides
ACI Assn. Cartographique Internationale = International Cartographic Assn.
ACIC Aeronautical Chart and Information Center (U.S.); Automated Cartographic Information Center (Univ. of Minnesota Library)
ACLS Assn. of Canadian Land Surveyors
ACM Assn. of Computing Machinery
ACMGIS Assn. of Computing Machinery Geographic Information Systems
ACML Assn. of Canadian Map Libraries
ACMLA Assn. of Canadian Map Libraries and Archives
ACMS Automated Census Mapping System
Assn. of Computing Machinery Special Interest Group on Graphics
ACRES Australian Centre for Remote Sensing
ACRS Asian Conference on Remote Sensing

Advanced Cartographic Systems; Agricultural Cooperative Service; Automated Cartographic Systems; Automatic chemical sprinklers; Attitude Control Subsystem (Landsat); American Community Survey (USBC)
ACSAD Arab Center for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Lands
ACSM American Congress on Surveying and Mapping
ACSTTO Assn. of Certified Survey Technicians and Technologists of Ontario

Administration du Cadastre et de la Topographie (Luxembourg); Australian Capital Territory
AD Administrative Division (USGS); Aeronautical data
A/D Analog to digital
ADAR Airborne Data Acquisition and Registration

Alexandria Drafting Company; American Digital Cartography Inc.; Aeronautical Charting Division (C&GS)
ADDA American Design Drafting Assn.
ADE AutoCAD Data Extension
ADEO Advanced Earth Observing Satellite
ADF Application Development Facility (GeoVision Corp.)
ADI Areas of Dominent Influence (USBC TIGER)
ADK Arealdatakontoret (Denmark)
ADL Alexandria Digital Library
ADM1 First-order administrative division
ADM2 Second-order administrative division
ADNR Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources
ADOT Arizona Dept. of Transportation
ADOTPF Alaska Dept. of Transportation and Public Facilities
ADP Automated data aprocessing
ADPDP Alaska Division of Policy Development and Planning
ADR Aerial Data Reduction Associates Inc.
ADRG ARC-digitized raster graphics (USDMA)
ADRGs Arc digitized raster graphics(USDMA)
ADSL Asymetric Digital Subscriber Line
ADT Advanced Data Technologies, Inc.; Abstract Data Type

Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Vermessungsverwaltungen der Lander der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
ADW Agricultural drainage well
ADWR Arizona Dept. of Water Resources
A/E Architectural/engineering
A&E Architect and Engineering
AEC Architecture, engineering and construction
AED Analysis and Evaluation Div.
AEF Alliance for Environmental Education
AEG Association of Engineering Geologists
AEI Aerial Exposure Index
AEIDC Arctic Environmental Information Data Center
AEM Atmospheric Explorer Mission
AERS Advanced Earth Resources Satellite
AES Analysis and Evaluation Staff
AESE Association of Earth Science Editors
AFA American Forestry Assn.; Automatic fire alarm
AFI American Forest Inst.
AfRL Akademie fur Raumforschung und Landesplanung (Germany)
AGC Assn. Geologique du Canada; Arkansas Geological Commission
ACGO Afghan Geodesy and Cartography Office
AGDS Automated Graphics Digitizing System

American Geological Inst.; Assn. for Geographic Information (London); Analytical Graphics, Inc.
AGIC Arizona Geographic Information Council
AGIS Automated Geographic Information System
Agriculture and Resources Inventory Surveys through Aerospace Remote Sensing

AGS American Geographical Society; Alberta Geological Survey
AGSO Australian Geological Survey Organisation
AGSS American Geographical and Statistical Society
AGU American Geophysical Union
AHAP Alaska High-altitude Aerial Photography (program)
AHCPR U.S. Agency for Health Care and Policy Research
AHDAS Adaptable Hydrologic Data Acquisition System
AHRS Attitude and Heading Reference System
AHS Automated Highway System
AI Artificial intelligence; Appraisal Inst.
AIA American Inst. of Architects
AI/ANA American Indian/Alaska Native Area
AIC Australian Institute of Cartographers
AICP American Inst. of Certified Planners
AID Agency for International Development; Aeronautical information data
AIH American Inst. of Hydrology
AILESP American Indian Lands Environmental Support Project
AIMS Airborne Integrated Mapping System
AIPG American Inst. of Professional Geologists
AIR American Indian reservation
AIREA American Inst. of Real Estate Appraisers
AIRS Atmospheric infrared sounder

Assn. Internationale des Sciences Hydrologiques = International Assn. of Hydrological Sciences
ALAE Atmospheric LymanAlpha Emissions
ALARS Alaska Land and Resources System
ALIS Automated Land Information System (TVA)
ALMRS Automated Land and Mineral Record System (BLM)
ALOHA Aerial Locations of hazardous Atmospheres (model)
ALP Automated Lands Project
Alt. Altitude
ALTA American Land Title Assn.
AMAD Airborne Missions and Applications Division (NASA-Ames Research Center)
AMAP Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program
AMC Assn. Mineralogique du Canada
AME Aero-Metric Engineering Inc.
AM/FM Automated mapping/facilities management
AMG Australian Map Grid
AMI Applied Mapping Inc.
AMIE Airglow Measurements of Infrared Measurements Emissions
AMIS Aviation Management Information System
AMISAR Active Microwave ImagerSynthetic Aperture Radar
AML ARC Macro Language
AMPS Automatic Mapping and Planning System

Army Map Service; American Meteorological Society; Attitude Measurement Sensor; Automated Mapping System
AMSD Adjusted Mapping Support Data
AMSR Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer
ANARE Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions
ANMS Automated Notice to Mariners System
ANOVA Analyses of variance
ANRC Alaska Native Regional Corp.
ANSI American National Standards Inst.
ANV Alaska Native village
ANVSA Alaska Native village statistical area
ANZLIC Australia New Zealand Land Information Council
AO Area of Operations
AODC Australian Oceanographic Data Centre
AOIPS Atmospheric and Oceanographic Image Processing System
AOL America On Line
AOLS Assn. of Ontario Land Surveyors
AOML Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory
AOO American Oceanographic Organization
AOSS Ashtech Office Suite for Survey
AP Analytical Plotter
APA American Planning Assn.
APCA Air Pollution Control Assn.
APCM Aerial Photography Contract Management System
APEGGA Assn. of Professional Engineers, Geologists and Geophysicists of Alberta
APFO Aerial Photography Field Office (USDA)
API American Petroleum Inst.; Application programming interface
APIS Aerial Photography Information System
APMI Aerial Photography Micrographic Index System (USGS)
Apo. Apogee
APPSR Aerial Photography Progress Summary Report
APQF Aerial Photography Quad File
APR Airborne Profile Recorder
APSR Aerial Photography Summary Record
APSRS Aerial Photography Summary Record System (USGS)
APT Automatic picture transmission
APTS Aerial Profiling of Terrain System
APWA American Public Works Assn.
APWWA American Public Water Works Assn.
ARA Address Register Area; Algemeen Rijksarchief (Netherlands)
ARAMCO Arabian American Oil Company
Arb. Arbeiter
ARC Ames Research Center (NASA); Appalachian Regional Commission
ARCC American Rivers Conservation Council
ArcFM Arc Facilities Manager (ESRI)
Arch. Architect; Architecture
ARG American Resources Group
ARIS Alabama Resource Information System; Arizona Resources Information System
ARM Administracion de Recursos Minerales (Panama); Airborne Remote Mapping
ARMIS Arkansas Resource Management Information System
Arr. Arrondissement
ARRSTC Asian Regional Remote Sensing Training Centre
ARS Agricultural Research Service
ARSC Australian Remote Sensing Conference
ARSP Applied Remote Sensing Program (Univ. of Arizona)
Artil. Artillery
ARZ AutoRestricted Zone
AS Anti-spoofing; Area source; automatic sprinklers
A-S Anti-spoofing
ASA American Standards Assn.
ASAP Advanced Scientific Array Processor; Agricultural Sciences Advisory Panel
ASB. CL. Asbestos-covered frame building
ASC American Society of Cartographers
ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers
ASCF Ames Satellite Communications Facility
ASCIE American Standard Code for Information Exchange
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASCLA Assn. of Specialized and Cooperative Library Agencies (ALA)
ASCP America Society of Consulting Planners
ASCS Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (USDA)
ASEE American Society for Engineering Education
ASFE Assn. of Soil and Foundation Engineers
ASFPM Assn. of State Floodplain Managers
ASGA Assn. des Services Geologiques Africains
ASHTD American Assn. of State Highway and Transportation Officials
ASI Analytical Surveys, Inc.
ASLA American Society of Landscape Architects
ASLO American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
ASO Australian Survey Office
ASP American Society of Photogrammetry

Alabama Society of Professional Land Surveyors; Alaska Society of Professional Land Surveyors
ASPRS American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
ASPS Arkansas Society of Professional Surveyors
ASRL Atmospheric Sciences Research Laboratory
Ass. Association
Assn. Association
AST Atlantic Standard Time
ASTM American Society for Testing Materials
AT Aero-Triangulation
ATC Air Target Chart; Advance Technology Corp.
ATID Attribute ID
ATKIS Amtliches Topographisch-Kartographisches Informationssystem
ATM Adaptive triangular mesh
ATR1 Automatic Target Recognition module (Leica)

Advanced Technology Satellite; Applications Technology Satellite; Automated Technical Systems (Firm)
AU Astronomical unit
AURISA Australasian Urban and Regional Information Systems Assn.
AUSDEC Australasian Data Exchange Centre
AUSLIG Australian Surveying and Land Information Group
Av. Avenue
AV Audio-visual
AVCA Audio-visual and Cartographic Archives Div., National Archives of Canada
Ave. Avenue
AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
AVIRIS Advanced Visible/InfraRed Imaging Spectrometer
AVL Automatic Vehicle Location
AVNIR Advanced Visible and Near Infrared Radiometer
AVO Audio/visual object
AVRI Arizona Vegetation Resource Inventory
AVS Application Visualization System (Visual Systems, Inc.)
AWAR Area weighted average resolution
AWG Association for Women Geoscientists
AWIPS Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System
AWMSAS ArcView Marine Spill Analysis System
AWRA American Water Resources Assn.
AWS Air Weather Service
AWWA American Water Works Assn.
AZ Arizona
A.Z. Alexander Zakreski
AzMAP Arizona Mapping Advisory Council

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B Bulletin
B&L Boggs and Lewis
BA Booksellers Assn. of Great Britain & Ireland
BAAMA Bay Area Automated Mapping Assn.
BADGER Bay Area Digital GeoResource
Badan Koordinasi Survey dan Pemetaan Nasional (Indonesia) = National Coordination Agency for Surveying and Mapping (Indonesia)
Banobras Banco Nacional de Obras y Servicios Publicos (Mexico)
BAOR British Army of the Rhine
BARCIS BARCode Information System
BARD San Francisco Bay Area Regional Database
BARP Bundesamt fur Raumplanung (Switzerland)
BART Bay Area Rapid Transit District (California)
BAS British Antarctic Survey

Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code; Bay Area Shared Information Consortium
BASINS Better Assessment Science Integrating Point and Nonpoint Systems (USEPA)
BB Band-by-band; Blattbereich
BBS Bulletin board system
BC Ballistic camera; Bureau of the Census (U.S.)
BCDC Bay Conservation and Development Commission
BCGS Board of Coast and Geodetic Survey (Philippines)
BCH Beach
BDET Bengston, DeBell, Elkin & Titus Ltd.
BDG Bridge
Bdy Boundary
BE Brick enclosed elevator
BEA Bernhard, Eisenbraun and Associates
B.E.F. British Expeditionary Force
BEG Bureau of Economic Geology (Texas)
BEICIP Bureau d'Etudes Industrielles et de Cooperation de l'Institut Francais du Petrole
bes. besonders
Betrbf Betriebsbahnhof
BETS Brunson Electronic Triangulation System
BEV Bundesamt fur Eich- und Vermessungswesen (Austria)
BfGR Bundesanstalt fur Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (Germany)
BfLR Bundesanstalt fur Landeskunde und Raumentwicklung (Germany)
BG Block group
BGC Business Geographics Conference
BGHT Bight
BGN Board on Geographic Names (U.S.)
BGS British Geological Survey
Bgw. Bergwerk = mine
Bhf. Bahnhof = Railway station
BHS Boston Harbor Software, Inc.
BIA Bureau of Indian Affairs (U.S.)
BICI Book item contribution identifier
BIL Band Interleaved by Line
BIOMAPS Biodiversity Mapping for Protection and Sustainable Use of Natural Resources
BIOTROP Regional Center for Tropical Biology (Indonesia)
BIP Band Interleaved by Pixel
Bl. Boulevard
BLDG Building
BLG Binary line generalization
BLM Bureau of Land Management (U.S.)
BLOB Binary large object
BLPU Basic land and property unit
BLS Bahamas Lands and Surveys Dept.
BLT Bundesamt fur Landestopographie (Switzerland)
BLVA Bayerisches Landesvermessungsamt
Blvd. Boulevard
BM Bench mark; Bureau of Mines
BMA Botswana Ministry of Agriculture
BMDO Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (U.S.)
BMG Bureau of Mines and Geosciences (Philippines)
.BMP Bitmapped image format (Microsoft Corp.)
BMR Bureau of Mineral Resources (Australia, Papua New Guinea)
BN Biblioth`eque Nationale
BNA Block numbering area
BND Stream bend
BNPC Bathymetric navigation planning chart
BNPD Bivariate Normal Probability Density
BOA Building omission area
BOC Bureau of the Census
BOFRS Books and Open-File Report Section (USGS)
BOLS BADGER On-line Service
BOM Bureau of Mines
BOP Bureau of Printing
BOR Bureau of Reclamation
BOREAS Boreal Ecosystem Atmosphere Study
BORPELS Board of Registration for Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors (Calif.)
BOSS Behavior of Offshore Structures, Conference on
BP Boundary marker (USDMA)
BPA Bonneville Power Administration
BPI Bits per Inch
BPPT Badan Pembinaan dan Penerapan Teknologi (Indonesia)
BPR Bureau of Public Roads
BPS Bits per Second
BR Bureau of Reclamation
br. breit
Br. Breite
Brck. Brucke = bridge
BRFD Bidirectional reflectance distribution function
BRICMICS British and Irish Committee for Map Information and Catalogue Systems
BRGM Bureau de recherches geologique et minieres (France)
BRS Bibliographic Retrieval Service
BS Bureau of Statistics (Japan)
BSC Boston Survey Consultants
BSE Base flood elevation
BSNH Headwater basin
BSQ Band Sequential
BSU Base Spatial Unit
BT Base Topo
BTA Basic Trading Areas (FCC)
BTS Bureau of Transportation Statistics
BUPNIS Beijing Underground-Network Information System
BUTE Butte
BVG Berliner Verkehrs Gesellschaft
BVU Brightness Value Unit
B/W Black and white
BWC Bandwidth Compression
BWE Bandwidth Expansion

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C Cartography; Celsius (degrees)
ca. Circa
CA California
C., A. Antonio Castro
C/A Coarse-Acquisition (code)
CAA Civil Aeronautics Administration (U.S.); Civil Aviation Authority (Great Britain)
CAAD Cartographic and Architectural Archives Div., National Archives of Canada
CAC Center for Advanced Computation (Univ. of Illinois); Compressed Aeronautical Chart (U.S. government)
CACS Canadian Active Control System
CAD Computer-aided drafting; Computer assisted design
CADD Computer-aided design and drafting
CADMAP Computer-aided drafting, mapping, and photogrammetry
CAFF Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna
CAFM Computer-aided facility management
CaGIS Cartography and Geographic Information Science (journal)); Cartography and Geographic Information Systems (journal)
CAGIS Cartography and Geographic Information Society
CALMIT Center for Advanced Land Management Information Technologies (Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln)
CALS Connecticut Assn. of Land Surveyors; Computer-aided acquisition and logistic support; Computer Assisted Land Survey System (SPDK)
CALTRANS California Dept. of Transportation
CAM Computer aided mapping
CAMEO Computer-Aided Management of Emergency Operations System (U.S.)
CAMFER Center for the Assessment & Monitoring of Forest & Environmental Resources (Univ. of Calif., Berkeley)
CAP Cooperative Agreements Program (FGDC)
CAPDU Canadian Assn. of Public Data Users
CAR Curriculum, Accreditation and Registration Committee (ACSM); Central African Republic
CARES Center for Agricultural, Resource, and Environmental Systems (Univ. of Missouri)
CARS Computer-Assisted Reproduction; Center for Applications of Remote Sensing (Oklahoma State Univ.)
CASA Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (Univ. College, London)
CASE Computer-Aided Software Engineering
CAT Computer Assisted Thermography
CATS Consequences Assessment Tool Set (FEMA)
CAVA Cartographic and Audio-Visual Archives Div. = Div. des archives cartographiques et audio-visuelles (DACA), National Archives of Canada
CB Column builder
C.B. Hollow concrete or cement block construction
CBD Central business district
CBEP Community-Based Environmental Protection (USEPA program)
CBET Concrete block enclosed elevator
CBI China Burma India Theatre of Operations (WW II)
CBL Centraal Bureau Luchtkartering (Suriname); Calibration base line
cbm Kubikmeter (cubic meter)
CBN Cooperative Base Network
CBP Chesapeake Bay Project
C. BR Concrete, lime, cinder or cement brick
CBS Community Base Station
CBWE Corn Blight Watch Experiment
CC Cartographic Catalog
CCA Canadian Cartographic Assn.
CCAP Competative Cooperative Agreements Program (U.S.)
CCBCCM Canadian Committee for the Bibliographic Control of Cartographic Materials
CCC Canadian Committee on Cataloging
CCCELS California Council of Civil Engineers and Land Surveyors
CCD Census county division; Computer Center Div. (USGS); Charged couple device
CCELC Canada Committee on Ecological Land Classification
CCGE Canadian Council on Geographic Education
CCGM Center for Computing Graphics (Delft Univ. of Technology)
CCIG Centre canadien d'information sur la geoscience
CCID Chain component ID
CCISA Congress of Cartographic Information Specialist Associations
CCITT International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee
CCLS Canadian Council of Land Surveyors
CCNS4 Computer Controlled Navigation System (E. Coyote Enterprises, Inc.)
CCRS Canada Centre for Remote Sensing
CCT Computer Compatible Tape; Centro de Ciencia Tropical
CCM Canada Centre for Mapping
CD Compact disc; Conservation Div. (USGS)
CDA Colorado Dept. of Agriculture
CDC California Dept. of Conservation; Control Data Corporation
CD-CINC CD-ROM Consistent Interface Committee (U.S.)
CDED Canadian Digital Elevation Data
CDF Cumulative distribution function; California Dept. of Forestry
CDFG California Dept. of Fish and Game
CDH Communications and data handling
CDMG California Div. of Mines and Geology
CDN Coordinates, definitions and notations
CDOW Colorado Division of Wildlife
CDOWG CD-ROM Data Origination Working Group (U.S.)
CDP Cartographer Development Program; Census designated place; Colorado Division of Planning
.CDR CorelDraw format
CD-R Compact disk-recordable
CD-ROM Compact disk-read only memory
CDT Computer display terminal; Central Daylight Time; Constrained Delaunay triangulation
CDTED Compressed digital terrain elevation data
CDV Cartographic data visualizer
CD-W Compact disk-- re-writable
CDWR California Dept. of Water Resources
CE Corps of Engineers
C.E. Civil Engineer
CEAL Centro Editor de America Latina
CEBAF Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility
CECSVB Comit pour l'Etablissement de la Carte des Sols et de la Vegetation de la Belgique
CECW Consulting Engineers Council of Washington
CEDAC Comprehensive Economic Data Atlas of China
CEDD Committee on the Exchange of Digital Data
CEE Comite Estatal de Estadisticas (Cuba)
CEGET Centre d'Etudes de Geographie Tropical (Bordeaux)
CELSOC Consulting Engineers and Land Surveyors of California
Cem. Cemetery
CEMA Consumer Electronics Manufacturers Assn.
CEN Comite europeen de normalization electronique
CENREN Centro de Recursos Naturales (El Salvador)
CENTA Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (El Salvador)
CEO European Centre for Earth Observation
CEP Celestial Ephemeris Pole
CERCO Comite Europeen de Responsibles de la Cartographie Officielle
CERD Catalog of Environmental Resource Data
CERES California Environmental Resource Evaluation System
CERCG Centre d'Etudes et de Realisations Cartographiques Geographiques (France)
CERR Centre d'Ecologie des Ressources Renouvelables (France)
CES Committee on Earth Sciences
CET Commission on Education and Training (IGA)
CETENAL Comision de Estudios del Territorio Nacional (Mexico)
CEU Continuing education unit
CFCC Census Feature Class Code
CFF Cartographic Feature File
C.G. Coast Guard
CGA Color Graphics Adaptor
CGC Commission geologique du Canada
CGDB Central Geographic Data Base
CGDI Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure
CGI Computer Graphics Interface; Common gateway interface
CGIC Canadian Geoscience Information Centre
CGIS Center for GIS (Qatar)
.CGM Computer graphics metafile
CGMW Commission for the Geological Map of the World
CGNHS Connecticut Geological and Natural History Survey
CGPM Conference General des Poids et Mesures
C&GS Coast and Geodetic Survey (U.S.)
CGS Civil GPS Service; Coast and Geodetic Survey (U.S.); Colorado Geological Survey
CGSICO Civil GPS Service Interface Committee
CGU Canadian Geophysical Union
CGW Computer Graphics World (journal)
CH Chief Hydrologist; Church; Chapel
CHEEC Center for the Health Effects of Environmental Contamination (Univ. of Iowa)
CHIA Cumulative Hydrologic Impact Assessment
CHNM Marine channel
CHS Canadian Hydrographic Service
CI Compass and inclinometer
CIA Central Intelligence Agency (U.S.)
CIAF Centro de Investigaciones en Percepcion Remota
CIAS CD-ROM Index Architecture Specification Working Group (U.S.)
CIACER Centro de Investigacion y Aplicacion de Sensores Remotos (Bolivia)
CIB Controlled image base
CIBESA Cartografica Iberica S.A.
CICAEDAS Committee Investigating Cartographic Entity, Definitions, and Standards
CIDAMM Centro de Informacion y Documentacion del Area Metropolitana de Madrid
CIE Iompair Eireann Coras; Classified image editor
CIESIN Consortium for International Earth Science Information Network
CIG Canadian Inst. of Geomatics; Climate Interest Group; Centro de Investigaciones Geotecnicas (El Salvador)
CIGF Centre d'Information Geographique et Fonci`ere Ministre de l'Energie et des Ressources, Quebec)
CIGNET Cooperative International GPS Network
CIKM Conference on Information Knowledge Management
CIM Collection insertion map; Council on Information Management (Virginia)
CINDI Center for Integration of Natural Disaster Information (USGS)
CIO Central Imagery Office (U.S.)
CIP Contour Interpolation Program; Canadian Institute of Planners
CIR Color infrared
CIRSS California Integrated Remote Sensing System
CIS Canadian Inst. of Surveying; Color Imaging Systems (Barneyscan Corp.)
CISD Cook Islands Dept. of Survey
CISIG Geographic Information Systems Interest Group
CISM Canadian Inst. of Surveying and Mapping
CIST Centre d'information sur les sciences de la Terre (Canada)
CITYG City Graphic
CIU Central Interpretation Unit (Royal Air Force, Great Britain)
CK-PL Check plotter
CLD Center line data
CLDB Common Land Data Base
CLDS Canada Land Data System(s)
CLI Canada Land Inventory
CLID Class identifier
CLIRSEN Remote Sensing Center (Ecuador)
Clk. Clerk
CLL Corrected line length
CLOMA Confidential letters of map amendment
CLS Canada Land Surveyor
CLSA California Land Surveyors Assn.
CLUMP Canada Land Use Monitoring Program
cm Centemeter
CM Cartographic material; Configuration management
CMA Census Metropolitan Area (Statistics Canada); Central Mapping Agency (New South Wales)
CMD Current meter digitizer; Command
CMI Corvallis Microtechnology Inc.
CMIB Controlled multispectral image base
CMO Canada Map Office
CMOTS Cartographic Material Order and Tracking System (USGS)
CMP Coastal Mapping Program; Camp
CMS California Map Society; Clay Minerals Society
CMSA Consolidated metropolitan statistical area
CMSDU Commission on Map Use and Spatial Data Use (ICA)
CMSM Committee on Marine Surveying and Mapping
CMT Corvallis Microtechnology Inc.
C&MT Communication & Measurement Technologies Ltd.
CMYK Cyan-magenta-yellow-black
CNA Comiss~ao Nacional do Ambiente (Portugal)
CNES Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (France)
CNEXO Centre National pour l'Exploitation des Oceans (France)
CNFL Confluence
CNI Coalition for Networked Information
CNIG Centro Nacional de Informac~ao Geografica = Portuguese National Center for Geographic Information
CNR Consiglio Nazionale delle Richerche (Italy)
CNRA Commission on National and Regional Atlases (ICA)
CNRG Centre National de Recherches Geomorphologiques (Belgium)
CNROA Centro Nacional de Reconhecimento e Ordenamento Agrario (Portugal)
CNRS Centre National de Recherches Scientifique (France)
CNRST Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et Technologique (Burkina Faso)
CNSTAT Committee on National Statistics (U.S.)
Co. Company; County
CO Cartometric operations; Colorado
COBOL Common Business Oriented Language
COBRIG Council of British Geography
COE Corps of Engineers
COEB Coastal and Estuarine Oceanography Branch (US NOS)
COFPAES Committee on the Federal Procurement of Architect and Engineer Services
COFRS Chinese Operational Earth Resources Satellite
COG Council of Governments
COGO Coordinate geometry
C.O.I. Office of Coordinator of Information (U.S.)
col. Color; colored
Col. Colonel
COL Agricultural colony
COLD Computer Output to Laser (optical) Disc
Com. Committee; Commission; Commodore
COM Component Object Model (Microsoft)
COMAP Continuous area pattern mapping
Comdg. Commanding
COMIS Cartographic Operations Management Information System
COMPAS Coastal Ocean Management, Planning and AssessmentSystem
COMSAT Communications Satellite (corp.)
CONC. Concrete or reinforced concrete construction
Cong. Congress
CONRIM Committee on Natural Resource Information Management(Alaska)
CONUS Continental United States
COP/BOP City of Portland Bureau of Planning
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
Corp. Corporal; Corporation
CORS Continuously operated reference station(s); Continuously operating GPS reference stations
CORSE Conference on Remote Sensing Education
COS Central Office of Statistics (Malta)
COSMIC Computer Software Management and Information Center
COSML Committee on Southern Map Libraries
COSPAR Committee on Space Research
COTS Commercial-of-the-shelf
COVIS Commonwealth of Virginia Information Systems
CP Cartographic Perspectives (journal); color printer
CPFS Colorado Plateau Field Station (USGS)
CPH Cartographic Publishing House (China)
CPID Composite ID
CPLAR Community Perspectives on Land and Agrarian Reform (South Africa)
CPS Characters per second; Contour plotting system; Cartographic production system
CPU Central processing unit
CR Central Region; Coordinate reader
CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (U.S)
CRAG Columbia Region Association of Governments
CRAIGES Cartographic Reproduction and Interactive Graphic Editing System
CRBT Centre de Recherches Biologiques Tropicales (Algeria)
CRESP Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation (U.S.)
CRG Centre de Recherche en Geomatique (Universite Laval)
CRIB Computerized Resources Information Bank
CRISTA Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere
CRKT Tidal creek
CRL Cartographic research laboratory
CRN Canadian Road Network
CRPD City Real Property Database
CRREL Cold Region Research and Engineering Laboratories
CRTR Crater
CRSC California Remote Sensing Council
CRSS Canadian Remote Sensing Society
CRT Cathode ray tube
CS Color scanner; Cubic splines
CSAA California State Automobile Association
CSAC Census Statistical Area Committee (U.S.)
CSAV Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences
CSC Computer Sciences Corporation; Commercial Space Center (NASA)
CSDGM Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
CSFS Colorado State Forest Service
CSG Cartography Special Group, Assn. of American Geographers; Council of State Governments
CSIN Computer Systems Information Network
CSIP Continental Scale International Project
CSIR Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Australia)
CSIC Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (Spain)
CSML Committee on Southern Map Libraries
CSOC Consolidated Space Operations Center
CSP Conformal Space projection
CSPA Council of State Planning Agencies
CSPG Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists
CSRS Canadian Spatial Reference System
CST Central Standard Time; Chicago Steel Tape Co.; Coast; Certified Survey Technician
Ct. Court
CT Census tract
CTC Cartoteca de Catalunya
CTCUQ Commission de transport de la Communaute urbaine de Quebec
CTD Chief, Topographic Division; Conductivity-temperature-depth
CTI Critical Technologies Inst. (RAND Corp.)
CTL Cartographic Technology Lab.
CTOG Contour to Grid
CTS Communications Technology Satellite (Canadian); Conventional terrestrial system
CUAC Cartographic Users Advisory Council (U.S.)
CUET Cuesta
CUGiK Centralny Urzad Geodezji i Kartografii (Poland)
CUR Council on Undergraduate Research
CUSEC Central United States Earthquake Consortium
CUSMAP Conterminous United States Minerals Assessment Plan
CWRA Canadian Water Resources Program
CWS Cartographic workstation
CYP Cape York Peninsula
CYPLUS Cape York Peninsula Land Use Strategy
CZCS Coastal Zone Color Scanner
CZM Coastal Zone Management (U.S. federal act of 1972)

Return to Index

D Dwelling
DA Data Acquisition; Dept. of the Army
D/A Digital to Analog (converter)
DAAC Div. des archives audiovisuelles et cartographiques, Archives nationales du Canada
DAAS Defense Automatic Addressing System (USDMA)
DAASC Defense Automated Addressing System Center (USDMA)
DAC Digital-to-Analog Converter
DACA Div. des archives cartographiques et audio-visuelles, Archives nationales du Canada
DACH Deputy Assistant Chief Hydrologist
DADS Digital Assisted Data Base System
DAG Directorate of Geographic Affairs (Lebanon)
DAL Data Analysis Laboratory
DAM Detection and mapping
DAMES Defense Automated Message Exchange Service (USDMA)
DANE Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadstica (Colombia)
DARDC Device for Automatic Remote Data Collection
DARO Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office (U.S.)
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (U.S.)
DAS Delaware Assn. of Surveyors
DA&SM Data Acquisitions & Systems Maintenance
DAT Digital audio tape
DATIS Digital Airborne Topographic Imaging System
DATPE Direction de l'Amernagement du Territoire et de la Protection de l'Environnement (Haiti)
D.A.V. Deutscher Alpenverein
DB Data base
DBB Deutsche Bundesbahn
DBDB Digital Bathymetry Data Base (U.S. government)
DBH Diameter at breast height
DBMS Database management system
DBPPWG Data Base Population Planning Working Group
DBPWG Data Base Population Working Group
DBR Dienst Bodemkartering (Suriname)
DBS Data Base Specifications; Direct broadcast satellites
DC District Chief; District of Columbia; Div. Chief
D.C. District of Columbia
DCA Dept. of Community Affairs (Montana)
DC&A Data Collection and Analysis
DCASS Digital Cartographic Software System
DCDB Digital Cartographic Data Base
DCDSTF Digital Cartographic Data Standards Task Force (U.S.)
DCE Data Communication Equipment; Distributed Computing Environment
DCF Digital Cartographic File
DCHUM Digital Chart Update Manual (USDMA)
DCI Differential Corrections, Inc.; Director of Central Intelligence
DCN Direccion de Cartografia Nacional (Venezuela); Document control number
DCP Dept. of city planning; Digital Cartographic Production; Data collection platform
DCPS Digital Cartographic Production Segment
DCR Design Concept Review
DCS Digital Cartography Section; Digital color separate; Directorate of Colonial Surveys (U.K.); Data collection system
DCSE Diba Consulting Software Engineers
DCS/RSE Data collection system receiving site equipment
DCST Data collection system tape
DCT Direction Topographique et du Cadastre (Congo)
DCW Digital Chart of the World (USDMA)
DD Data dictionary; Dewey Decimal
DDA Data descriptive area
DDAC Deutscher Automobil-Club
DDC Dewey Decimal classification; Digital data conversion
DDCMP Digital Data Communication Message Protocol
DDES Digital Data Editing System
DDF Data descriptive file
DDI Design Data Inc.
DDIS Depository Distribution Information System (USGPO)
DDM Documents Data Miner
DDN Defense Data Network
DDPO Defense Dissemination Program Office (U.S.)
DDPS Desktop Digital Photogrammetry System (3D Mapper Pty. Ltd.)
DDR Data descriptive record
DDS Digital Data Storage
DE Data extraction
dec. Declination
DEC Digital Equipment Corp.
DED Data Element Dictionary
DE-DEM Drainage-Enforced DEM
del. Delineation; delineator
delt. Delineator
DEM Digital Elevation Model; Digital elevation matrix
DEM-G Digital Elevation Model--Graphic (coordinates)
DEM-P Digital Elevation Model--Planar (coordinates)
DEMR Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources Canada
DEMVFY Digital Elevation Model Verify (verification software)
Dep. Deputy; Departement
DEP Dept. of Environmental Protection
Dept. Department
DES Digital Editing Station
DE/S Data Extraction Segment
DESI Diversified Energy Services, Inc.
DFAD Digital Feature Analysis Data (U.S. government)
DFC Digital Futures Coalition
DFG Dept. of Fish and Game
DFLIP Digital Flight Information Publication
DFW Dept. of Fish and Wildlife
DGC Direct Geodetic Constraint (software)
DGCM Direct Geodetic Constraint Method
DGDF Digital Geospatial Data Files
DGEC Direccion General de Estadistica y Censos (Costa Rica)
DGF Dept. of Game and Fish
DGG Direccion General de Geografia (Mexico)
DGGM Direccion General de Geologia y Minas (Colombia)
DGGS Div. of Geological and Geophysical Surveys (Alaska); Directorate General of Geological Surveys (Iraq)
DGI Direktorat Geologi (Indonesia)
DGIAI Direccion General de Integracion y Analisis de la Informacion (Mexico)
DGIS Direct Graphics Interface Standard
DGIWG Ditigal Geographic Information Working Group
DGfK Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Kartographie
DGK 5 Deutsche Grundkarte 1:5 000
DGM Div. des Gites Mineraux de l'Assn. Geologique du Canada; Direction de la Geologie et des Mines (Burkina Faso); Direccion General de Mineria (Dominican Republic)
DGMG Direccion General de Minas y Geologia (Venezuela)
DGMP Direccion de Geologia, Minas y Petrolio (Costa Rica)
DGN Domestic geographic name
DGNR Domestic Geographic Names Report (U.S.)
DGO Direccion General de Oceanografia (Mexico)
DGP Digital Graphic Product
DGPA Direccion General de la Produccion Agraria (Spain)
DGPS Differential Global Positioning System; Differential Global Positioning Satellite
DGRM Direccion General de Recursos Minerales (Panama)
DGS Dept. of Geological Survey (Botswana); Delaware Geological Survey
DGSE Dept. of Geological Survey and Exploration (Burma)
DGU Danmarks Geologiske Undersogelse
DH Drill hole
D.H. Double hydrant
DHI Deutsches Hydrographisches Institut; Defense Hydrographic Initiative (USDMA)
DHN Directoria de Hidrografia e Navegac~ao (Brazil)
DI Data Integration; Digital image
DIA Defence Intelligence Agency (U.S.); Dept. of Indian Affairs; Dept. of International Affairs
DIAL Digital Imae Analysis Laboratory (Univ. of Arizona)
diam. Diameter
DIAM Defense Intelligence Agency Manual
DID Data information delivery; Data information description; Digital Image Data
DIDS Digital Information Display System (U.S.)
DIELOG DAASC Integrated E-Mail Logistics System (USDMA)
DIES Digital Image Enhancement System
DIF Data Integration Function; Data Interchange Format; Display Information Facility; Document Interchange Format (U.S. Navy)
DIGCAT Digital Catalog
DIM Digital Image Matching
DIME Dual Independent Map Encoding (U.S. Bureau of the Census)
Dinageca Direcc~ao Nacional de Geografia e Cadastro (Mozambique)
DIP Data Integration Program
DIPS Digital Image Processing System
DIRS Digital Image Rectification/Registration System
DIS Distributed Information System
DISHIDROS Dinas Hidro Oceanografi (Indonesia)
Dist. District
DISTDAHS Distributed Satellite Telemetry Data Handling System
Div. Division
DKDGS Det Kongelige Danske Geografiske Selskab
DL Data logging
DLA Diffusion-limited aggregation
DLCW Department of Land and Water Conservation (NSW)
DLG Digital Line Graph
DLG-E Digital Line Graph--Enhanced
DLGF Digital Line Graph--Framework
DLG-O Digital Line Graph--Optional
DLG2DEM Digital Line Graph to Digital Elevation Model (production software)
DLG-3 Digital Line Graph--level 3
DLI Digital Library Initiative (U.S.); Data Liberation Initiative (Canada)
DLL Windows Dynamic Link Library
DLMS Digital Landmass System
DLNR Dept. of Land and Natural Resources
DLS Dominion Land Survey (Canada); Dept. of Lands and Survey (Guyana); Dept. of Lands and Surveys (Cyprus)
DLT Digital linear tape
DLWC Dept. of Land and Water Conservation (Australia)
DM Departamento de Minas (Honduras); Data mining
DMA Defense Mapping Agency (U.S.); Designated Market Areas (USBC TIGER)
DMAAC Defense Mapping Agency Aerospace Center
DMAFF Defense Mapping Agency Feature File; Defense Mapping Agency Feature Format
DMAHTC Defense Mapping Agency Hydrographic Topographic Center
DMAIAGS Defense Mapping Agency Inter-American Geodetic Survey
DMAODS Defense Mapping Agency Office of Distribution Services
DMASPOEM Defense Mapping Agency Special Program Office for Exploitation Modernization
DMA TC Defense Mapping Agency Topographic Center (U.S.)
DMATC Defense Mapping Agency Topographic Center (U.S.)
DMAUSE DMA Utility Software Environment (USDMA)
DME Distance measuring equipment; Dept. of Mines and Energy (Nova Scotia)
DMMR Deputy Ministry for Mineral Resources (Saudi Arabia)
DMR Dept. of Mineral Resources (New South Wales)
DMRS Data Management and Retrieval System
DMRT Dept. of Mineral Resources of Thailand
DMS Data Management System; Desktop Mapping System (R-WEL, Inc.); Drawing Management System; Defense Mapping School (USDMA); Defense Message System (USDoD); Distribution Management System
DMSI Data Management Segment Interface Control Document
DMSO Defense Mapping School Operations Office (USDMA)
DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
DMU Defense Mapping Unit (Singapore)
DMW Daft, McCune, Walker
DN Digital Number
DNC Digital Nautical Chart
DMMG Direccion Nacional de Mineria y Geologia (Uruguay)
DMTI Desktop Mapping Technologies Inc.
DNPM Departamento Nacional de Produc~ao Mineral (Brazil)
DNPCT Direction National de Production Cartographique et Topographique (Mali)
DNR Dept. of Natural Resources
DNRC Dept. of Natural Resources and Conservation (Montana)
DNREP Dept. of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection (Kentucky)
DNT Direccion Nacional de Topografia (Uruguay)
DNR Dept. of Natural Resources
Do. Ditto (the same)
DO Digital Ortho; District office
DOA Dept. of Agriculture
Doc. Document
DOC Dept. of Commerce
DOD Dept. of Defense
DOE Dept. of Energy
DOH Dept. of Health
DOI Dept. of the Interior; Digital object identifier; Document object identifier
DOMSAT Domestic Communications Satellite System
DOQ Digital orthophoto quadrangle
DOQQ Digital orthophoto quarter quadrangle
DORIS Decision-Oriented Resource Information System (Ventura County, Calif.)
DOS Directorate of Overseas Surveys (U.K.); Dept. of State; Digital Orthophoto System; Disc Operating System
DOSLI Dept. of Survey and Land Information (New Zealand)
DOT Dept. of Transportation
DP Data production; Digital Photogrammetry
DPE Data processing environment; data processing equipment
DPED Dept. of Planning and Economic Development
dpi Dots per inch
DPI Dots per inch
DPIE Dept. of Primary Industries and Energy (Australia)
DPL Data Programming Language
DPMA Data Processing Management Assn.
DPPDB Digital Point Positioning Data Base
DPS DEM Production System; Digital Production System (USDMA)
Dpt. Department
DPW Dept. of public works
DPWS Digital Photogrammetric Work Station
DQDB Distributed-Queue Dual Buses
DQQ Digital Quarter Quadrangle
Dr. Drive
DR Data record(s)
DRBC Delaware River Basin Commission
DRF Digital Raster File
DRG Digital Raster Graphic; Davey Resource Group
DRGM Direction des Recherches gologiques et minires (Niger)
DRGP Digital Representation of Graphic Products
DRGS Direct Readout Ground Station
DRO Digital Revision Overlay
DS Digital subsystem
DSD Digital Sailing Directions
DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Project
DSF Delivery sequence file (U.S. Postal Service)
DSGM Direcc~ao de Servicos de Geologia e Minas (Angola); Direccion del Servicio Geografico Militar (Paraguay)
DSGZ Dept. of the Surveyor General (Zimbabwe)
DSIR Dept. of Scientific and Industrial Research (Australia, New Zealand)
DSL Dept. of Surveys and Lands (Botswana); Data Service Laboratory
DSM Directorate of Surveys and Mapping (South Africa)
DSN Deep Space Network
DSNP Dassault-Sercel NP
DSP Dept. of State Planning
DSPW Digital Photogrammetric Workstation (USCE)
DS/S Data Services Segment
DSU Digital Standard Update
DTAD Digital Terrain Analysis Data
DTD Digital Terrain Data
DTED Digital Terrain Elevation Data (U.S. government)
DTG Digital tape generation
DTM Digital Terrain Model (or Modeling)
DTOP Digital Topographic Data
DTS Digital transmission system
DTSS-P Digital Topographic Support System Prototype
DTW Desk-top Workstation
DUMC Dutch Union Map Catalogue
DV Daily Value
DVD Digital video disc; Digital versitile disc
DVP Digital Video Plotter
DW Data warehousing
DWD Deutscher Wetterdienst
DWF Drawing Web Format
DWR Dept. of Water Resources
DXF Drawing Interchange File; Digital Exchange Format
DySIS Dynamic Software and Integrated Solutions, Inc.
D-2 National Interest Lands, Section D-2, Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act

Return to Index

E East; Electronic; Elevator (open); Einwohner = inhabitant
EA Environmental assessment
EAF East African Force (UK)
EAFS Effective Aerial Film Speed
EAOS Environment Australia Online Service
EAP Environmental Affairs Program
Earthsat Earth Satellite Corp.
EBCDIC Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EBR Electron Beam Recorder
EBRPD East Bay Regional Park District (California)
ECDIS Electronic Chart Display and Information System (U.S.)
ECE E. Coyote Enterprises
ECEF EarthCentered EarthFixed
Ed. Editor; edition
ED Elevation data; Enumeration district
E.D. Eastern District
EDA Electronic design automation; Exploratory data analysis
EDC EROS Data Center (LIA); Electronic digital computer; Environmental Data Center (California)
EDD Environmental Data Directory (Australia)
EDGE Energy Data Geographical Explorer (Petroconsultants, Inc.)
EDI Electronic Data Interchange; Electronic Devices Inc.
EDIES EROS Digital Image Enhancement Systems
EDIFACT Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport
EDIPS EROS Digital Image Processing System
EDIS Environmental Data and Information Service; Electrical Distribution Information System (Santee Cooper)
EDITOR ERTS Data Interpretation and Tenex Operations Recorder
EDM Electronic distance measurement
EDMAS Environmental Dose Modeling and Analysis System
EDMI Electronic distance measuring instrument(s)
EDMS Electronic document management system(s)
EDP Electronic data processing
EDS Electronic Data Systems Corp.; Engineering Design System; Environmental Data Service (NOAA)
EDT Eastern Daylight Time
EEC European Economic Community
EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone
E.F. Eisenbahnfaehre
EGA Enhanced Graphics Adaptor
EGIS European GIS
EGNOS European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service
EGS European Geophysical Society; Economic geology series
EGSMA Geological Survey and Mining Authority (Egypt)
EHS Extremely hazardous materials
EIGS Ethiopian Inst. of Geological Survey
EIM Environmental information management
eingesch. eingeschossig
eis. eisern = iron
EIS Environmental Impact Statement
Eisb. Brck. Eisenbahnbrucke = Railroad bridge
EIWG Earth Imaging Working Group
ELC End of line code
ELMO Electronic Map Ordering
El.W. Elektrizitatswerk = electric power station
EM Electromagnetic
E.M. Mining Engineer
EMA Environmental Management Agency; Ethopian Mapping Authority
EMAIL Electronic Mail
EMAP Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (U.S. EPA)
EMC Eastern Mapping Center (USGS)
EMIP European Market for Infrastructural Projects
EMPS Elevation Matrix Processing System
EMR Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources Canada; Electromagnetic radiation
EMS Electromagnetic spectrum
E.N.E. East-northeast
Eng. Dept. Engineering Dept.; Dept. of Engineers
Engr. Bn. Engineer Battalion
ENIAK Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
ENID Endnote ID
ENTR Entrance
ENVISAT Environmental Satellite
EO Earth observation
EOCAP Earth Observations Commercial Applications Program
EODMS Earth Observations Data Management Systems
EOF End of File
EOS Earth Observing System; Greek National Mountaineering Assn.
EOSAT Earth Observation Satellite (Company)
EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System
EOT End of Text
EP End Point
EPA Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.)
EPB Earth Physics Branch (Canada)
EPI Electronic Position Indicator
EPIRB Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon
EPS Encapsulated PostScript
ERBS Earth Radiation Budget Satellite
ERCE Groupe d'Etudes de Recherches Critiques d'Espace (Universite du Quebec, Montreal)
ERDAS Earth Resources Data Analysis System
ERDC Earth Resources Data Center (ERIM)
ERDL Engineer Research and Development Laboratories
EREP Earth Resources Experiment Package (Skylab)
ERIM Environmental Research Inst. of Michigan
ERIN Earth Resources Information Network; Environmental Resource Information Network (Australia)
ERIS Earth Resources Inventory System; Earth Resources Infomation System
ERL Environmental Research Laboratories (NOAA); Earth Resources Laboratory (NASA)
ERLAS Earth Resources Laboratory Application Software
ERM Earth Resource Mapping (Firm)
EROS Earth Resources Observation Satellite; Earth Resources Observation System
ERRSAC Eastern Regional Remote Sensing Applications Center (NASA)
ERS Earth Remote Sensing (satellite)
ERSAC Environmental Remote Sensing Applications Centre (United Arab Emirates)
ERSAL Environmental Remote Sensing Analysis Laboratory (Oregon State Univ.)
ERSAR Earth Resources Synthetic Aperture Radar
ERSC Egyptian Remote Sensing Center
ERSP Epipolar Rectified Stereo Pair
ERTS Earth Resources Technology Satellite
ERSUN Environmental Remote Sensing Unit (British Aerospace Space Systems, Ltd.)
ESA Egyptian Survey Authority; European Space Agency; Earth Sciences Associates
ESC European Seismological Commission
ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
ESD Engineering Services Dept. (Qatar)
ESDA Earth Sciences Data Standards (council)
ESDD Earth Science Data Directory (USGS)
E.S.E. East-southeast
ESI EagleScan Inc.; Enironmental Sensitivity Index
ESIC Earth Science Information Center (USGS); Earth Sciences Information Centre (Canada)
ESIG Exemplary Systems in Government award (URISA)
ESIM Earth Science Information Manager
ESIN Earth Science Information Network
ESIO Earth Science Information Office
ESIS Earth Science Information System
ESL Electromagnetic Systems Laboratories, Inc.
ESR Engineering Surveys Reproduction Ltd.
ESRI Environmental Systems Research Inst., Inc.
ESSA Environmental Science Service Administration
ESSC Earth System Science Center (Pennsylvania State Univ.)
E. St. Eisenbahn Station = railway station
EST Eastern Standard Time
ES&T Environmental Science and Technology
E.S.W. East-southwest
ET Frame enclosed elevator with self-closing traps
ETF European Transfer Format
ETL Engineer Topographic Laboratories (USCE)
ETM Enhanced Thematic Mapper
EUB Alberta Energy and Utilities Board
EUROGI European Umbrella Organisation for Geographic Information
EVO Ernst Volker (Oldenburg, Germany)
Ex. doc. Executive document

Return to Index

F Fahrenheit; Flat
FA Fire alarm box
FAA Federal Aviation Administration (U.S.)
FAAT Fully Analytical Aerotriangulation
FAC Feature analysis code(s)
FACC Feature and Attribute Coding Catalog
FACE Field Ancillary Computer Effort
FACM Florida Assn. of Cadastral Mappers
FACS Feature Attribute Coding Standard; Feature Attribute Coding System
Fahrb. Fahrbahn = roadway
FAO Food and Agricultural Organization (United Nations)
FAQ Frequently Asked Question(s)
FARC Federal Archives and Record Center
Fb. Fabrik = Factory
FB Freytag-Berndt und Artaria
FBN Federal base network (U.S.)
FC Field component; Field completion
FCC False color composite; Federal Communications Commission (U.S.)
FCM Feature change map
FCT Forestry Commission Tasmania
FCW Federal Computer Week (journal)
FDDI Fiber Digital Data Interface
FDLP Federal Depository Library Program (US GPO)
FDLS Fiji Dept. of Lands and Survey
FDPP Framework Demonstration Projects Program (FGDC)
FE Feature extraction; Field engineer; Frame enclosed elevator
F.E. Forest Engineer
fe. Fecit (maker)
FEAT Alternate Feature Identification Code
fec. Fecit (maker)
FED Field-emission displays
FEE Feature Extraction Environment
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency (U.S.)
FEP Feature Extraction Processor
FES Feature Extraction Segment
FESWMS Finite Element Surface Water Model System
FEWS Feature Extraction Workstation
FGCC Federal Geodetic Control Committee (U.S.)
FGCS Federal Geodetic Control Subcommittee (U.S.)
FGDC Federal Geographic Data Committee (U.S.)
FGEF Federal Geographic Exchange Format (U.S.)
F.G.S. Fellow of the Geological Society
FGS Florida Geological Survey
FGT Federal Geographic Technology (U.S.)
FH Field headquarters
FHA Federal Highway Administration (U.S.)
FHWA Federal Highway Administration (U.S.)
FICCDC Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee on Digital Cartography (U.S.)
FIG Federation Internationale des Geom`etres = International Federation of Surveyors
FII Fundacion Instituto de Ingeneiria
FILS Federal Government Information Locator System
FIPS Federal Information Processing Standard(s); Flagstaff Image Processing System
FIRM Flood Rate Insurance Map
FIRMS Flood Rate Insurance Maps
FL Florida; Focal length; Function libraries
FLHO Federal Lands Highway Office (U.S.)
FLIMAP Fast Laser Imaging Mapping and Profiling (system)
FLIR Forward-looking Infrared
FLL Waterfall
FLOPS Floating Point Operations per Second
FM Facilities management; Field manual
F.M. Field Marshall
FMC Federal Maritime Commission (U.S.)
FME Feature manipulation Engine (Safe Software Inc.)
FMGIS Flight management geographic information system
FMLIS Federal Mineral Lands Information System
FMP Field Pack Mobile Professional (All Points Software)
FMS Facility Mapping Systems Inc.; Flight Managing System
FMS/AC Facility Mapping System for AutoCAD
FNESA Federation of New England Surveyors Assn.s
FO Field office
F.O. Field Officer; Foreign Office
FOC Full operational capability
FOGs Fiber Optic Gyros
FOM Field Operations Manual
FORTRAN Formula Translation (computer language)
FOUO For official use only
FOV Field of view
FPC Federal Power Commission; Federal Publishers Committee
FPT Full production training
FPU Floating point unit
FRA Federal Railroad Administration
FRC Federal Records Center
F.R.G.S. Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society
FRM Farm
FRP Federal Radio-navigation Plan
F.R.S. Fellow of the Royal Society
FS Fire station; Forest Service (U.S.); Federal Survey Div. (Nigeria)
FSLUPC Federal/State Land Use Planning Commission for Alaska
FSMS Florida Surveying and Mapping Society
FSO Field Support Office (U.S. Army Engineer Topographic Laboratories)
FSPLS Florida Society of Professional Land Surveyors
FSR Flight Summary Report
FSRAMIS Forest Service Range Management Information System
FT Field terminator
Fth. Fathom
FTL Future Temporal Logic
FTM Foiben Taosarintanin' i Madagasikara
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FU Field unit
Fur. Furlong
Fw. Fussweg = Footpath
FWPCA Federal Water Pollution Control Administration (U.S.)
FWS Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S.)
FZDS Flood Zone Determination Services

Return to Index

G Geometry
G&M Geography and Map; geography and Map Div.
G&O Greenhorne & O'Mara Inc.
GA Geographic access; Geographical Association
GAF Gesellschaft fur Angewandte Fernerkundung
GAC Geological Assn. of Canada
GAP Geographic Application Program; Gap Analysis Program (USNBS)
GAT Geography Assn. of Thailand
GB Gigabyte; Geologische Bundesansalt (Austria)
GBA GeoBusiness Assn.; George Butler Associates, Inc.
GBf Guterbahnhof = freight depot
GBF Geographic Base File
GBI Green biomass index
GBIS Geo-Based Information System
Gbo. Grabador = engraver
GBS Geograpic Base System
GCCS Global Command, Control System (USDMA)
GCDB Geographic Coordinate Data Base (U.S.)
GCDIS Global Change Data and Information System
GCG Geocartographics Subdivison (Canada)
GCHC Gulf Coast Hydroscience Center (U.S.)
GCM General circulation model; Global climate model; General Command of Mapping (Turkey)
GCP Ground control point(s)
GCRA Geographic and Cartographic Research and Applications Section
GCRS Gulf Centre for Remote Sensing (Firm)
GCSS Global Combat Support System
GCT Greenwich Civil Time
GCTP General Coordinate Transformation Package (software); Geographic Coordinate Transformation Package (software)
GD Geologic Div. (USGS); Geospatial data; Graphic digitization
GDA Geographic Data Analysis System
GDC Geographic Data Council
GDD Graphics Data Display Manager; GIS Data Depot
GDE Graphic Developer's Engine (FCAD Software, Inc.)
GDF Geographic data file
GDHS Ground Data Handling System (GFSC)
GDM Geospatial data management
GDS Graphic Data Systems Corp; Grumman Data Systems; Geo-Data System; Geographic Data Service (U.S.)
GDT Geographic Data Technology Inc.
GDTA Groupement pour le Developpement de la Teledetection Aerospatiale (France)
GE General Electric; Geographic equivalent
GEBCO General bathymetric chart of the oceans = Carte generale bathymetrique des oceans
GEDS General Environmental Data Base System (Florida)
GEGMR General Establishment of Geology and Mineral Resources (Syria)
GEM Graphical Environment Manager
GEMS Global Environment Monitoring System
GEOBAL Servicio Geologico de Bolivia
GEO-CAT Geographic catalog of political and statistical areas
Geocorr Geographic Correspondence Engine
Geog. Geography
Geol. Geology
GEOLAN Geological (survey) local area network
GEOREF Geological Reference (system)
GEOS Geodynamics Experimental Ocean Satellite
GEOSAT Geodesy Satellite
GEOSEC Geographic Security
GeoTMS Geographic Town Management System (Des Lauriers & Assoc. Inc.)
GEOZAVOD Zavod za Geoloska i Geofizicksa Istrazivanja (Yugoslavia)
Ges. Gesamt-
GES Geographic Entry System
GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (U.S.)
GGMC Guyana Geology and Mines Commission
GGNRA Golden Gate National Recreation Area (Calif.)
GGS Georgia Geologic Survey
GGU Gronlands Geologiske Undersogelse
GI Geographic information
GIA Geographic information analysis; Geographic information and analysis; GPS International Assn.
GIAC Geomatics Industry Assn. of Canada
GIAL Geographic Information and Analysis Laboratory (State Univ. of New York, Buffalo)
GIB Geographic Information Board (Florida); Geomagnetic Indices Bulletin; G.I. Barnett & Son
GICC Geographic Information Coordinating Committee (Colorado)
GICS Geographic Identification Code Scheme
GID Geodaetisk Institut (Denmark)
GIDW General inverse-distance weighted interpolation model
.GIF Graphics Interchange File; Graphics Interchange Format
GIG Geologic Inquiries Group
GILS Government Information Locator Service
GIMS Geographic Information Management Systems Committee (ASCM/ASPRS)
GIO Geograpic Investigations Office (USGS)
GIPS Generalized Image Processing Sytstem
GIRAS Geographic Information Retrieval and Analysis System (USGS)
GIS Geographic(al) information system(s); Geohydrologic Information System; Geoscience Information Society; Global Indexing System
GISDEX Federal Geographic Information and Spatial Data Exposition and Conference (U.S.)
GISOM Generating Information and Scanning Ohio Maps (Ohio State Univ. Center for Mapping)
GISS Goddard Institude of Space Studies
GIST Geographic Information System for Transportation
GITA Geospatial Information & Technology Assn.
GIV Geologic Information Visualization (software)
GKP Geodeticky a Kartograficky Podnik v Praze
GKS Graphics Kernal System
Gl. Gleis
GLAB Bayerisches Geologisches Landesamt
GLAB-W Geologisches Landesamt Baden-Wurttemberg
GLAI Green leaf area index
GLAN-W Geologisches Landesamt Nordrhein-Westfalen
GLAS Geoscience Laser Altimeter System; Geologisches Landesamt des Saarlandes
GLAS-H Geologisches Landesamt Schleswig-Holstein
GLI Global Imager
GLIS Geographic Land Information System (USGS); Geographic and Land Information Society
GLM General linear model
GLO General Land Office (U.S.)
GLONASS Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System (Russia)
GLOSS Global Observation Surveillance System
GLR-P Geologisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz
GLRS Geoscience Laser Ranging System
GM Geography and Map; Geologic map
GMAT Greenwich Mean Astronomical Time
GMD Geologisch Mijnbouwkundige Dienst van Suriname
GME Geohydrologic Map Editor
GMR Government Micro Resources Inc.
GMS Geostationary meteorological satellite(s)

Ground Modeling Systems Inc.; Gandalf Mobile Systems Incorporated; GMSI Inc. is a firm (not an abbreviation)
GMT Greenwich Mean Time; Generic Mapping Tools
G.M.T. Giuseppi Maria Terreni
GN Grid north
GNC Geologic Names Committee; Global navigation chart
GNIS Geographic Names Information System (U.S.)
GNMP Gettysburg National Military Park
GNS GEOnet Names Server (USNIMA)
GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System
GNU Geologic Names Unit (USGS)
GNULEX Geologic Names Unit Lexicon (USGS)
GO Geometric Operations
G&O Greenhorne & O'Mara, Inc.
GODORT Government Documents Round Table (ALA)
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (NASA)
GOME Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment
GOMS Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite(s)
Gov. Governor
Gov. Gen. Governor General
GP Graphic production; Graphics processor; Geography Program (USGS)
GPF Geospatial Prototype Facility
GPG Graphic Product Generation
GPH Geological Publishing House (China)
GPI Graphics Programming Interface
GPIP General Purpose Image Processor
GPM Gestalt Photo Mapper
GP.MC Geoprocessing Map Call
GP.MCD Geoprocessing Map Call Deamon program
GPO Government Printing Office
GPOS Government Printing Office Style Manual
GPPU Graphic Polygon Processing Utilities
GPR Ground-Penetrating Radar
GPS Global positioning system(s)
GPSDR Global positioning system demonstration receiver
GPSIC Global Positioning System Information Center (U.S. Coast Guard); GPS Industry Council
GPST Global positioning system time
GQ Geologic quadrangle
gr. gross
Gr. Grosse
GRAMPS Graphic Map Production System
GRASS Geographic Resource Analysis Support System
GRC Generation of reproducible copy; Geoscience Research Corp.
GRD Ground Resolved Distance
GRDL Geodetic Research and Development Laboratory
GRF-N Geographic Reference File-Names
GRIDS Grid Referenced Information Display System; Gridded Resource Inventory Data System
GRS Geodetic Reference System
GRS 80 Geodetic Reference System of 1980
GRSU Geography Remote Sensing Unit (Univ. of California, Santa Barbara)
GS Geological Survey (U.S.); Gray scale
GSA General Services Administration (U.S.); Geological Society of America; Geological Survey of Alabama
GSC Geographic Systems Corp.; Geological Survey of Canada; Geotronics Service Center; Geocode Service Center (HUD)
GSD Ground sample distance; Geological Survey Dept. (Malawi); Geological Survey Div. (Jamaica); Geodetic Survey Div. (Natural Resources Canada)
GSDM Global Spatial Data Model
GSDS Global spatial data system
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA)
GSGS Geographical Section, General Staff (U.K.)
GSI Geodetic Survey Inst. (Japan); Geophysical Services Inc.; Geological Survey of India; Geological Survey of Iran; Geolical Survey Inst. (Japan); Geological Survey of Ireland
GSJ Geological Survey of Japan
GSK Geological Survey of Kenya
GSL Geographic Sciences Laboratory (USCE)
GSM Graphic Standard Metafile
GSMD Geological Survey and Mines Dept. (Swaziland)
GSN Geological Survey of Namibia
GSNI Geological Survey of Northern Ireland
GSP Geological Survey of Pakistan; Geographical statistics program
GSPB Geodetic Satellite Policy Board
GSPNG Geological Survey Papua New Guinea
GSRC Geological Survey Research Committee
GSS Geographic support system
GSSA Geological Survey South Africa
GSW Geological Survey of Wyoming
GSZ Geological Survey of Zambia
GT Geometry and topology; Greater than; Geologian Tutkimuskeskus = Geological Survey of Finland
G.T. Gas tank
GTE Greater than or equal
GTI GIS Technology Inc.
GTS GPS Timing Simulator (NovAtel Inc.)
GTUB Geographic tabulation unit base
GU Government unit
GUDS Geologicky ustav Dionyz Stur
GUGK Glavnoe Upravlenie Geodezii i Kartografii (USSR)
GUGKK Glavno Upravlenie po Geodezia I Kartografia y Kadaster (Bulgaria)
GUI Graphical User Interface
GUID Globally unique identifier
GUNI Goteborgs Universitet Naturgeografiska Institutionen
GUNO Glavnoe Upravlenie Navigatsii i Okeanografii (USSR)
GVF Goodness of variance fit
GVI Green vegetation index
GVIS Geographic Visualization
GW Gas well (natural); Ground water
GWE Global Weather Experiment
GWEN Ground Wave Emergency Network (U.S.)
GWSI Groundwater site inventory

Return to Index

h. hoch = high
H. Hohe = height
ha. Hektar
HA Hydrologic Atlas
HAC Harbor and Approach Chart
HALS Hawaii Assn. of Land Surveyors
HARN High-Accuracy Reference Network (U.S.)
Hbf Hauptbahnhof = main railway station
HBF Herbert Bismarck Foster
HBM Hydrologic bench mark
HBMN Hydrologic Bench Mark Network
HC Hard copy
HCC Heat Capacity Mapping Mission
HCDN Hydroclimate Data Network
HCMM Heat-capacity Mapping Mission
HCMR Heat-capacity Mapping Radiometer
HCRS Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service (U.S.)
HD Hydrographic Dept. (Great Britain)
HDDT High-Density Digital Tape
HDLD Headland
HDOP Horizontal Dilution of Precision
HDT High density tape
HDT-A High density tape (not geometrically corrected)
HDTR High density tape recorder
HDTV High-definition television
Herst. Herstellung
HE/S Hardcopy Exploitation Segment
HF High frequency
HFA Hydrologic field assistant
Hfn Hafen = port, harbor
Hgbf Hauptgueterbahnhof
HGCSD Harris-Galveston Coastal Subsidence District (U.S.)
.HGL Newlett-Packard Graphics Language format
HGS Halliburton Geophysical Services
HI Hawaii
HIA Hydrologic Investigations Atlas
HIF Hydrologic Instrumentation Facility
Hind. Hindustan
HIRAN High Range Navigation
HIRS High-resolution Infrared Sounder
HIS Hydrologic Information System
HISS Heritage Information Statistical System
HIT Horizons Technolgy Inc.
HIU Hydrologic Information Unit
HJW Hammon, Jensen, Wallen & Associates
HKGA Hong Kong Geographical Assn.
HLAB Hessisches Landesamt fur Bodenforschung
HLfB Hessisches Landesamt fur Bodenforschung
HLL Hill
HLLS Hills
HLR High level radiation; High level radioactivity
HLRS Highway Location Reference Standard
HLS Hue, lightness and saturation
HLVA Hessisches Landesvermessungsamt
HLW High level waste (radioactivity)
HMCK Hummock
HMGS Hellenic Military Geographical Service
HMSO Her/His Majesty's Stationery Office (Great Britain)
H.O. Hochofen = blast furnace
HOM Hotine oblique Mercator
Hon. Honorable
Hp Haltepunkt = stopping place
HP Hewlett-Packard (corp.)
HPFS High pressure fire service
HPGL Hewlett Packard Graphics Language
HPGN High-Precision Geodetic Network
HPP High Precision Photogrammetry
HPRASA High Plains Regional Aquifer System
HQ Headquarters
HR House of Representatives
HRB Highway Research Board
HRD High-resolution data
HRDB High-resolution Data Base
HRDI High-resolution Doppler Imager
HRFRS High-resolution Film Recorder Subsystem
HRGA High Rate Geographical Areas
HRIR High-resolution Infrared Radiometer
HRMSI High Resolution Multispectral Stereo Imager
HRV High Resolution Visible
HRVIR High Resolution Visible Infrared (scanner)
HS High school
HSDL High-bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line
HSGT Hitachi Software Global Technology, Ltd.
HSI Horizontal Situation Indicator; Habitat Suitability Index
H. St. Eisenbahn Haltstelle = railway stop
HTC Hydrographic Topographic Center (USDMA)
H., T.C. Thomas Campanius Holm
HTDP Horizontal Time-Dependent Positioning
HTI Horizons Technology, Inc.
HTML Hyper Text Markup Language
HUA Hydrologic Unit Area
HUC Hydrologic Unit Code
HUD Dept. of Housing and Urban Development (U.S.)
Hund. Hundred
H.W. Hochwasser
H/W Hardware

Return to Index

I. Island
IA Infrastructure Analyst (BaySys Technologies Inc.)
IACWD Interagency Advisory Committee on Water Data
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IAEG International Assn. of Engineering Geologists
IAG International Assn. of Geodesy
IAGS Inter-American Geodetic Survey
IAH International Association of Hydrogeologists
IAHS International Assn. of Hydrological Sciences = Assn. Internationale des Sciences Hydrologiques
IALA International Assn. of Lighthouse Authorities
IALS Idaho Assn. of Land Surveyors
IAOO International Assn. of Assessing Officers
IASI Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer
IAT Image Annotation Tape; International Atomic Time
IAWPRC International Assn. for Water Pollution Research and Control
IB Isobar
IBC International Boundary Commission (U.S.-Canada)
IBDF Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal
IBG Inst. of British Geographers
IBGE Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estadistica
IBIS Image-Based Information System
IBM International Business Machines (corp.); International boundary marker
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
IBSP Idaho Bureau of State Planning
IBWC International Boundary and Water Commission (Mexico-U.S.)
IC Integrated circuit(s)
ICA International Cartographic Assn. = Assn. Cartographique Internationale
ICACET International Cartographic Assn. Committee on Training
ICAITI Instituto Centro Americano de Investigacion y Tecnica Industrial
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organiztion
ICC Institut Cartografic de Catalunya; Interstate Commerce Commission (U.S.); International Cartographic Conference
ICCP Inst. for Certification of Computer Professionals
ICE Information Center for the Environment (UCD)
ICED Intraprofessional Council on Environmental Design
ICES Institution of Civil Engineers (UK); Initial Graphics Exchange Specifications
ICEX Ice and Climate Experiment
ICGC Instituto Cubano de Geodesia y Cartografia
ICGWM International Clearinghouse for Ground Water Models
ICITV Institut de la Carte International du Tapis Vegetale
ICM Instituto Geografico Militar
ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
ICMSSR Interagency Committee on Meteorological Services and Supporting Research
ICONA Instituto Nacional para la Conservacion de la Naturaleza (Spain)
ICR Intelligent Character Reader
ICT Information and communication technologies
ICW International Computer Works, Inc.
ID Identification; Interface device; Idaho
IDAS Image Data Analysis Systems
IDC International Data Corp.
IDCCC Interior Digital Cartographic Coordination Committee (U.S.)
IDD Information and data dissemination
IDE Imbedded Drive Electronics
IDEN Identification module
IDFG Idaho Dept. of Fish and Game
IDIMS Interactive Digital Image Manipulation System
IDL Interactive Data Language; Idaho Dept. of Lands
IDLH Immediately dangerous to life and health
IDR Interface drawing
IDS Information Decision Systems (firm)
IDWO Intelligence Div., War Office (U.K.)
IDWR Idaho Dept. of Water Resources
IEMVT Institut d'Elevage et de Medecine Veterinaire des Pays Tropicaux
IEP Independent electric plant
IERS International Earth Rotation Service
IES Inst. for Environmental Sciences
IF Frame identification
IfAG Institut fur Angewandte Geodasie
IFF Interchange Format File (Commodore Amiga)
IFLA International Assn. of Library Asociations and Institutions
IFN Service de l'Inventaire Forestier National (France)
IFOV Instantaneous Field of View
IFP Institut Francais de Pondicherry; Institut Francais du Petrole
IFR Instrument Flight Regulation
IFREMER Institut francais de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer
ISFAR Inter-ferometric Synehetic Aperture Radar
IFSARE Inter-ferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar for Elevation
IG Instytut Geologiczny (Poland)
IGA Istituto Geografico de Agostini
IGAC Instituto Geografico "Agustin Codazzi"
IGBF Institut Geographique de Burkina Faso
IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme
IGC International Geologic Congress; Intelligent Graphics Controller; Informative Graphics Corp.
IGCI Institut Geographique de la Cote d'Ivoire
IGCP International Geological Correlation Program; Instituto Geografico e Cadastral (Portugal)
IGDC Interagency Geographic Data Committee (U.S.)
IGDS Interactive Graphics Design System (software); Intergraph Design Software
IGEBU Institut Geographique de Burundi
IGES Initial Graphics Exchange Specification; International Graphics Exchange System
IGF Inset Graphics Format
IGFCOT Institutul de Geodezie, Fotogrammetrie, Cartografie si Organizarea Teritoriului (Romania)
IGG Institutul de Geologie si Geofizica (Romania)
IGGSP Instituto Geografico e Geologico de S~ao Paulo
IGIF International Geographic Information Foundation
IGIS Integrated Geographic Information System; Intelligent GIS
IGL Interactive Graphics Library
IGLD 85 International Great Lakes Datum of 1985
IGM Instituto Geografico Militar
IGME Inst. of Geology and Mineral Exploration (Greece); Instituto Geologico y Minero de Espa~na
IGMI Istituto Geografico Militare Italiano
IGN Institut geographique national; Instituto Geografico Nacional
IGNB Institut Geographique National (Belgium)
IGNC Institut Geographique National Congolaise
IGNTG Instituto Geografico Nacional "Tommy Guardia" (Panama)
IGS Information & Graphics Systems Inc.; International GPS Service; Idaho Geological Survey; Indiana Geological Survey; Geological Survey of Israel
IGSN71 International Gravity Standardization Net 1971
IGT Integrated GPS Technologies Inc.
IGU International Geographical Union; Instituto Geografico Universitario (Dominican Republic)
IGUG Intergraph Graph Users Group
IGWMC International Ground Water Modeling Center
IGY International Geophysical Year
IGZa Institut Geographique du Zaire
IHA Instituto Hidrografico de la Armada (Chile)
IHAC Instituto Hidrografico de la Armada, Chile
IHB International Hydrographic Bureau
IHD International Hydrological Decade
IHGC International Health Geographics Conference
IHO International Hydrographic Organization
IHP International Hydrologic Program
IHSI Institut Haitien de Statistique de d'Informatique
IIAF Idaho Image Analysis Facility
IICT Instituto de Investigac~ao Cientifica Tropical (Portugal)
IIGS Initial Image Generating System
IIPL Interactive Image Processing Laboratory
IJC International Joint Commission (U.S. & Canada)
IKU Institutt for Kontinentalsokkelundersokelse (Norway)
ILC Interim Library Catalog
ILEX Interactive Landsat Executive (NASA software)
ILH Internationales Landkartenhaus (Stuttgart)
ILI Inst. for Land Information
ILIM Inst. for Land Information Management (University of Toronto)
ILLIAC Illinois Advanced Computer
ILWIS Integrated Land and Water Information System (ITC)
IM Information management
IMA Intermap Analytic
IMACUAC Information Management and Computer Utilization Advisory Committee
IMAG Information Management Advisory Group
IMACS Integrity Monitoring and Control Software (Javad Positioning Systems)
IMAGE Integrated Mapping and Geographic Encoding System
IMAGE 100 Interactive Multispectral Image Analysis System (GE)
IMAN Image Analysis (system); Intermap Analytic Nucleus
IMAP Input, Management, Analysis, and Presentation
IMC Image Motion Compensator
IMCoS International Map Collectors Society
IMDA International Map Dealers Assn.
.IMG ADRG image format (USDMA)
IMGW Instytut Meteorologii i Gospodarki Wodnej (Poland)
IMO International Maritime Organization
IMP Integrated Micro Products Inc.
IMPAC Image Analysis Computer Package (Egbert Scientific)
IMS Intermediate map scale; Image Manipulation System; Internet Map Server (ESRI)
IMT Information Management Technologies (Firm); Internet Media Type
IMTA International Map Trade Assn.
IMW International Map of the World
in. Inch; inches
INC Institut National de Cartographie
INCG Institut National de Cartographie du Gabon; Institut Geographique National Guineen
INDEC Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos (Argentina)
INE Instituto Nacional de Estadistica (Ecuador, Guatemala)
INEAC Institut National pour l'Etude Agronomique du Congo
INEGI Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas, Geografia e Informatica (Mexico)
INETER Instituto Nicaraguense de Estudios Territoriales
INFORM Information Network for Operational Resources Management (Arizona)
INGEMMET Instituto Geologico Minero y Metalurgico (Peru)
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geologico-Mineras (Colombia)
INGM Instituto Nacional de Geologia
INLT Inlet
INMARSAT International Maritime Satellite (organization)
INMG Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia e Geofisica (Portugal)
INMH Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia y Hidrologia (Ecuador)
INPE Instituto das Pesquisas Espaciais (Brazil)
INQUA International Union for Quaternary Research
INRA Institut National de Recherche Agronomique (France)
INRAT Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie
INS Inertial Navigation System
INSEE Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (France)
INSMAP International Symposium on Marine Positioning
Inst. Institute
INSTAAR Inst. of Arctic and Alpine Research (Univ. of Colorado)
INTA Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (Argentina)
INTELSAT International Telecommunications Satellite (organization)
INTRISCA Integrated Resource Inventory for South-Central Alaska
INUPAL Informaciones Unidas para America Latina (Chile)
IO Input/output; Interior orientation
I/O Input/output
IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission; Initial operational capability
ION Inst. of Navigation
IOP International Organisation of Palaeobotany
IOS Institute of Oceanographic Science (Great Britain)
IP Internet protocol; Image point
IPA Imagery Product Archive (USDMA)
IPAM Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazonia
IPCS Image Production Control System
IPE Image processing engine
IPF Image Processing Facility (GSFC)
IPGP Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
IPRG Inst. for Petroleum Resources and Geophysics (Israel)
IPLSA Illinois Professional Land Surveyors Assn.
IPOSTEL Instituto Postal Telegrafico (Venezuela)
IPP Integrated Plotting Package
IPS Image processing system; Inertial Positioning System
IPT Informatica per il Territorio; Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnologicas (Sao Paulo, Brazil); Integrated Product Team
IPX Internet Packet Exchange
IR Imaging Radiometer; Infrared
IRAT Institut de Recherches en Agronomie Tropicale (France)
IRC Intergraph Registered Consultant
IR. CH. Iron chimney
IR. CH.S.A. Iron chimney with spark arrestor
IRD Information Resources Division (Arizona)
IRDB Integrated regional database
IRDS Information Resource Dictionary System
IRF Internal Raster File; Internal Raster Format
IRG Inter-Record Gap
IRICC Interagency Resource Information Coordination Council
IRIS Infrared Interferometer/Spectrometer; Interim Research and Intelligence Service (U.S. Dept. of State)
IRIS R&A Research and Analysis Branch, Interim Research and Intelligence Service (U.S. Dept. of State)
IRLSA Illinois Registered Land Surveyors Assn.
IRRI International Rice Research Inst.
IRS Internal Revenue Service (U.S.); Information retrieval system; Indian Remote Sensing Satellite
IRSA Inst. of Remote Sensing Applications
IRWA International Right of Way Assn.
IRWD Irvine Ranch Water District
Is. Island
IS International Standard
I.S. John Speed
ISA Institute of Surveyors of Australia; Internet Starter Applications
ISABU Institut des Sciences Agronomiques au Burundi
ISAMS Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder
ISAPI Internet Server Application Programming Interface
ISBD(CM) International Standard Bibliographic Description for Cartographic Materials
ISC Information Systems Council
ISCEM International Society of Curators of Early Maps
ISD Information Services Div.
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISERT Institut Superieur pour les Etudes et Recherches Scientifique et Techniques (Djibouti)
ISGS Illinois State Geological Survey
ISI Image Subsystem Interface; Information Systems Inventory (EPA); Interpretation System, Inc.
I-SITE Intelligent Screening of Imagery for Teleophthalmology
Isl. Island
ISL Island
ISLP Land-tied island
ISLS Islands
ISM Interpretive Structural Modeling
ISMS International Society for Mine Surveying
ISO Imaging Spectrometer Observatory; International Standards Organization
ISP Internet service provider
ISPI Intermediate-scale Product Inventory
ISPLS Indiana Society of Professional Land Surveyors
ISPRS International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
ISR Information Storage and Retrieval
IS&T Information Systems and Technology
ISTAT Istituto Centrale di Statistica (Italy)
ISTD Inter-Services Topographical Dept. (Great Britain)
ISTH Isthmus
ISU International System of Units
ISURL Indiana State Univ. Remote Sensing Laboratory
IT Information technology; Integration Technologies Inc.
I.T. Idaho Territory
ITAA Information Technology Assn. of America
ITC International Inst. for Aerospace Survey and Earth Sciences (Netherlands; formerly International Training Centre for Aerial Survey); International Trade Commission
ITCA International Topographic Composition Assn.
ITD Interim Terrain Data
ITE Institute of Terrestrial Ecology (Great Britain)
ITFE Inductive terrain feature extraction
ITRF International Terrestrial Reference Frame
ITRM Information Technology Resouces Management (standard, Virginia)
ITS Intelligent transportation system
ITU Image Transfer Unit; International Telecommunications Union
IUE International Ultraviolet Explorer
IUGG International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
IUGS International Union of Geological Sciences
IUSM International Union for Surveying and Mapping
IVHS Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems
IW Information Warfare
IWARDS Iowa Water Resources Data System
IWIS International Water Information System
IWPC Inst. of Water Pollution Control
IWRA International Water Resources Assn.
I2S International Imaging Systems Inc.

Return to Index

JAMP Joint Automated Mapping Project
JATOP Army Topographic Service (Indonesia)
JCCDS Joint Committee on Cartographic Data Standardization (U.S.)
JCP Joint Committee on Printing (U.S. Congress)
JEC John E. Chance & Associates
JECA John E. Chance & Associates
JERS Japanese Earth Resources Satellite
JFIF JPEG File Interchange Format
J.H. Jagerhaus = hunting lodge
JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency = Kokusai Kyoryoku Jigyodan
JIGI Java Interface for Geospatial Information
J&K Jammu and Kashmir
JMC Japan Map Center
JMPC Joint Mapping and Photography Committee (U.S.)
JMTK Joint Mapping Tool Kit
JNC Jet Navigation Chart
JNGC Jordan National Geographic Centre
JOG Joint operations graphic
JOG-A Joint operations graphic--air
JOG-G Joint operations graphic--ground
JOG-R Joint operations graphic--radar
JOIDES Joint Oceanographic Institutions' Deep Earth Sampling
JOMAR Joint Office for Mapping and Research (USGS-NOAA)
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group
.JPG Joint Photographic Experts Group format
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.)
Jr HS Junior high school
JRI Jordregisterinstituttet (Norway)
JSC Johnson Space Center
JSD Jamaica Survey Dept.
JTIDS Joint Tactical Information Distribution System
JTU Jabatan Tanah dan Ukur
JWPCF Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation

Return to Index

K 1,000; Kilo
KAM Kansas Assn. of Mappers
KANDIDATS Univ. of Kansas Landsat Software System
KAPS Kentucky Assn. of Land Surveyors
KARS Kansas Applied Remote Sensing (program)
KB Kilobyte
KBPS Kilobytes per second
KCWA Kern County Water Agency (Calif.)
KDI Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence
K+F Kummerly + Frey AG
Kfz. Kraftfahrzeug
KGPS Kinematic GPS
KGS Kansas Geological Survey; Kentucky Geological Survey
kHz. Kilohertz
KHz. Kilohertz
KIER Korean Inst. of Energy and Resources
Kil. Kilometer
KKH Karakoram Highway
kl. klein
Kl. Klasse
KL Karhunen-Loeve (transform)
K-L Karhunen-Loeve (transform)
Klbf Kleinbahnhof
Kleinb Kleinbahn
Kleinbf Kleinbahnhof
Kls. Kloster = cloister
KLSD Kiribati Land and Survey Div.
km Kilometer
KM Kansas Mapper
KNP Kruger National Park
KNRIS Kentucky Natural Resources Information System
KREMU Kenya Rangeland Ecological Monitoring Unit
KRIS Kentucky Resources Information System
KSNM Thousands (K) of square nautical miles
KU Univ. of Kansas
kV Kilovolt
kW Kilowatt
KW Kilowatt
KWIC Key Word in Context
KWOC Key Word Out of Context
KY Kentucky

Return to Index

l Liter
l. Links
La. Louisiana
LA Land access; Louisiana
L.A. Los Angeles (Calif.)
LAAS Local Area Augmentation System
LAC Litografia Artistica Cartografica
LACIE Large Area Crop Inventory Experiment
LADAR Laser Detection and Ranging
LAGEO Laser Geodynamic Satellite
LAGIC Louisiana Geographic Information Center
LAMP Low Altitude Mapping Photogrammetry
LAMPS Laser-scan Automated Map Production System
LAMS Large Area Mosaicing Software
LAN Local area network
LAND Landmark feature identification number
LANDSAT Land Satellite
LAP Landsat Applications Program (PNW)
LARIS Louisiana Areal Resource Information System
LARS Laboratory for Applications of Remote Sensing (Purdue Univ.)
LARSYS Laboratory of Applications of Remote Sensing Image Data Processing System (Purdue Univ.)
LAS Land Analysis System
LASS Land Applications Satellite System (ESA)
Lat. Latitude
LAT Large Area Triangulation
LAU Landesamt fur Umweltschutz (Saarland)
LBR Laser Beam Recorder
LC Library of Congress (U.S.); Land cover
L/C Land cover
LCA Land cover analysis
LCC Lambert conformal conic (projection)
LCD Liquid-crystal displays
LCDB Land Cover Database
LCDC Land Conservation and Development
LCGMD Library of Congress Geography and Map Div. (U.S.)
LCS Liberian Cartographic Service
LCTY Locality
LDLS Lesotho Dept. of Lands, Surveys and Physical Planning
LDMG Lesotho Dept. of Mines and Geology
LDNG Landing
LEAF Land Ecosystem Atmosphere Feedback
LEC Lockheed Electronics Company
LEM Landform Elevation Model; Lunar Escape Module
LEP Linear Error Probable
LF Large format; Line feed
LFC Large format camera
LFVZ Leichtensteinische Fremdenverkehrszentrale
lg. lang
Lg. Lange
LGN Lagoon
LGS Liberian Geological Survey; Louisiana Geological Survey
LGISC Louisiana Geographic Information Systems Council
LGSOWOG Landsat Ground Station Operations Working Group
lH lichte Hohe
LI Landmaelingar Islands
LIA Land Information and Analysis office (USGS)
Ligue des Biblioth`eques Europeennes de Recherche, Groupe des cartothecaires
LICGF Land Information & Computer Graphics Facility (Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison)
LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging
Lieut. Lieutenant
LIM Land identification method; Land Inventory and Management Program (USSCS)
LIMAP Landsat Imagery Analysis Package (S.Dakota)
LINZ Land Information New Zealand
LIS Land information system(s); Landsat Information System; Lightening Imaging Sensor
LISCOM Land Information Systems Committee (So. Australia)
Lith. Lithographed; lithographer
LK Lake
LKB Lockwood, Kessler & Bartlett Inc.
LKC Crater lake
LKI Intermittent lake
LKS Lakes
LKSC Crater lakes
LL Line-by-line
LLA Adjusted line length
LLC Line length code
LMCTF Land Managers Cooperative Task Force (Alaska)
LMIC Land Management Information Center
LMP Land Management Planning
LMS Large-scale mapping system
LMV Statens Lantmateriverket (Sweden)
LO Located object
L&O Limnology & Oceanography (journal)
LOC Library of Congress; Landsat Oversight Committee (Colorado)
LOGIC Loveland Geographic Information/Cartographic System
LOMA Letters of map amendment
LOMC Letters of map correction
LOMR Letters of map revision
Lon. Longitude
LORAN Long Range Navigation (system)
LOS Land Observation Satellite (Japan); Line-of-sight
LP Line printer
LPI Lines per inch
LPM Load point marker
LPS Library Programs Service (USGPO)
LQ Letter quality
LR Laser Retroflector
LRD Low resolution data
LRDA Land Resources Data Analysis
LRDB Low Resolution Data Base
LRDC Land Resources Development Centre
LRIDP Land Resources Inventory Demonstration Project (PNW)
LRIS Land Registration and Information Service (Maritime Provinces); Land Resource Information System (S.Dakota and N. Carolina)
LRITF Land Resources Inventory Task Force
LRM Linear Referencing Method
LRR Laser Retro-reflector
LRS Linear Referencing System
LRU Line Replaceable Unit; Line Replacement Unit
L/S Landsat
LSAW Land Surveyors' Assn. of Washington
LSD Land Surface Datum; Lands and Survey Div. (Trinidad and Tobago)
LSDP Landsat Signature Development Program (software)
LSIT Land surveyor in training
LSN Linear scaling number
LSO Land Surveyors Online
LSPS Louisiana Society of Professional Surveyors
LSR Local Space Rectangular
LSRP Laser Printer
Lst Ladestelle
LST Local Standard Time
Lt. Lieutenant
LT Less than; Local Time; Linear triangulation
LTC Light transfer characteristics
LTE Less than or equal
LTTM Longterm Terrain Model
LTO Land Title Office (New Zealand)
LU Land units
L/U Land use
LUCCAS Land Use and Cover Change Analysis System (Pacific Meridian Resources)
LUDA Land Use and Data Analysis (program); Land use development assistance
LU/LC Land use, land cover
LUM Limited update, monoscopic
LUMIS Land Use Management Information System (JPL software)
LUMS Land Use Management System
LUNR Land Use and Natural Resource Information System (N.Y.)
LUPIN Land Use Planning Information Network (CERES)
LUS Limited update, stereo
LUST Leaking underground storage tank
LUT Land utilization type
LVAB-W Landesvermessungsamt Baden-Wurttemberg
LVAN-W Landesvermessungsamt Nordrhein-Westfalen
LVAR-P Landesvermessungsamt Rheinland-Pfalz
LVAS Landesvermessungsamt des Saarlandes
LVAS-H Landesvermessungsamt Schleswig-Holstein
lW lichte Weite
LWD Littoral Warfare Data

Return to Index

m Meter
m. mittlere
M. Mile; mille (1,000); Mitte
MA Mean annual; Maritime Administration
MAC Mapping Applications Center; Mineralogical Assn. of Canada; Mapping Advisory Committee
MACA Ministerio de Asuntos Campesinos y Agropecuarios (Bolivia)
MAD Management Areas Database; Metro Area Disaster GIS (Oregon)
MADM Multiple attributes decision-making
MAF Master address file
MAFF Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (U.K.)
MAFI Magyar Allami Foldtani Intezet = Hungarian Geological Inst.
MAG Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia (Costa Rica, Ecuador)
MAGE Map Authoring and Generalisation Expert
MAGERT Map and Geography Round Table (ALA)
MAGI Maryland Automated Geographic Information System
MAGIC Map and Geographic Information Center (University of New Mexico)
MAGSAT Magnetic Field Satellite (U.S.)
MALSCE Massachusetts Assn. of Land Surveyors and Civil Engineers
MAP Map Analysis Package; Mapping Alliance Program (Space Imaging, Inc.)
MAPA Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentacion (Spain)
MAPCAT Map catalog
MAPDS Ministerio de Agricultura y Pesca, Direccion de Suelos (Uruguay)
MAPIS Map Products Information System
MaPKBS Map Projection Knowledge-based System
MAPPS Management Assn. for Private Photogrammetric Surveyors Maps, Aerial Photo and Publication System
MAPS Measurement of Air Pollution from Satellite
M.A.P.S. Microcomputer-based Automated Projection System
MAPSAT Mapping Satellite (U.S.)
MAR Mean annual runoff
MARC Machine Readable Cataloging (LC); Mid-America Remote Sensing Center (Murray State Univ., KY)
MARIS Mississippi Automated Resource Information System
MARLS Missouri Assn. of Registered Land Surveyors; Montana Assn. of Registered Land Surveyors
MAS Millimeterwave Atmospheric Sounder
MASC Map Activity Support Contract
Mat-Su Matanuska-Susitna Borough (Alaska)
MAT Medial-axis transformation
MAW Metropolitan area window
mB Millibar
MB Megabyte
MBMG Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology
MBPS Million bits per second
MBR Minimum bounding rectangle
MC Mapping Center
MC&G Mapping, Charting & Geodesy (U.S. Dept. of Defense)
MCD Minor civil division; Major civil division
MCDM Multi-criteria decision-making
MCE Mapping and Charting Establishment (Canada)
MCGA Monochrome/Color Graphics Adapter
McIDAS Map-computer Interactive Data Access System
MCIS Maps and Chart Information System
MCM Mid-continent Mapping Center (USGS)
MCO Mars Climate Orbiter
MCS Master Control Station
MD Maryland; Metadata
MDA Monochrome Display Adapter; MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates, Inc.
MDAS Multispectral Data Analysis System (Bendix Corp.)
MDC Div. de la Cartographie (Morocco)
MDD Mineral Deposits Div., Geological Assn. of Canada
MDG Direction de la Geologie (Morroco)
MDGLS Missouri Div. of Geology and Land Survey
MDL Measurement Devices Ltd.
M.D.M. Mount Diablo Meridian
MDP Master Data Processor
MDR Minimum Data Recorder
MDS Metadata standards; Multi-dimensional scaling
MDSD Mono-Digitizer Stereo-Digitizer
MDT Mountain Daylight Time
MDTC Div. de la Topographie et de la Cartographie (Mauritania)
M.E. Military Engineer; Mining Engineer
ME Monoscopic Extraction
MECM Miss~ao de Estudos Cartograficos de Macao
MEDEA Measurements of Earth Data for Environmental Analysis (U.S.)
MEDS Minimum essential data set
MEGRIN Multipurpose European Ground Related Information Network
mehr-gesch. mehrgeschossig
MEI Maps Etc. Inc.
MEIS Multispectral Electrooptical Imaging Sensor
MEM Ministry of Energy and Minerals (Tanzania)
MEMPR Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources (British Columbia)
MENR Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (Trinidad and Tobago)
MEOW Mono-Extraction Orthophoto Workstation
MER Minist`ere de l'Energie et des Ressources (Qu‚bec)
MERES Mineral and Energy Resources Exploration Satellite (Japan)
MERIS Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer
MERRA Michigan Energy and Resources Research Association
MESSR Multispectral Electronic Self-Scanning Radiometer
METSAT Meteorological Satellite
MEWS Mono-Extraction Workstation
MFC Map Feature Coding
MFGDP Manual of Federal Geographic Data Products
MFLOPS Million Floating Points Operations Per Second
MFS Maine Forest Service
MGB Mississippi Bureau of Geology
MGE Microstation GIS Environment (Intergraph); Modular GIS Environment
MGG Marine Geology and Geophysics Report
MGIS Micro Geographic Information System
MGS Maine Geological Survey; Maryland Geological Survey; Minnesota Geological Survey; Mars Global Surveyor (satellite)
MGRS Military Grid Reference System
MGSD Michigan Geological Survey Div.
MGSSSR Ministerstvo Geologii SSSR
MH Ministry of Housing (Bahrain)
M.H. Meierhof = dairy farm
MHTD Missouri Highway and Transportation Dept.
MHW Mean High Water
MHz Megahertz
Mi. Mile(s)
MI Michigan; Military Intelligence; Miscellaneous Investigations (map)
MIAS Multispectral Image Analysis System
MIEM Minist`ere de l'Industrie et de Mines (Malagasy Republic)
MIF Main Image File; MapInfo Interchange Format
Mil. Military
MIL Map and Imagery Laboratory (Univ. of Calif., Santa Barbara); Milli-inch (1 thousandth of an in.)
MILSTRIP Military Standard Requisitioning and Issue Procedures (USDMA)
MILUS Multiple Input Land Use System (JPL software)
MIME MultiPurpose Internet Mail Extension
Min. Minute
Min. E. Mineral Engineer; Mining Engineer
Minn. Minnesota
MIO Map Information Office
MIPS Map and Image Processing System; Million Instructions Per Second; Mini-Image Processing System
MIS Management Information System; Map Information System
MISR Macaulay Institute for Soil Research
MITE Megapixel Imaging Technology
MITES Miniature Interferometer Terminals for Earth Survey
ML Master Library
MLA Multi-linear array
MLHD Maximum likelihood (decision functions)
MLMIC Minnesota Land Management Information Center
MLMIS Minnesota Land Management Information System
MLRA Major Land Resource Areas
MLTA Maine Land Title Assn.
MLW Mean low water
MMKS Mjetve Mesimore Kulturore e Sportive "Hamid Shijaku" (Albania)
MMQ Metric Map Questionnaire
MMS Metropolitan Map Series; Minerals Management Service (U.S.); Multi-Mission Modular Spacecraft (U.S.)
MMSD Metric Mapping Support Data
MN Magnetic north; Mine
MNFS Minor frame synchronization
MO Magnetic-optical disc; Member organization; Missouri; Model orientation
MOA Minute of angle
MODM Multiple objectives decision-making
MODN Module name
MODS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer
MOLDS Inst. for Modernization of Land Data Systems
MOMS Modular Optoelectric Multispectral Scanner
M.O.P. Ministerio de Obras Publicas
MOPU Ministerio de Obras Publicas y Urbanismo (Spain)
MoRAP Missouri Resource Assessment Partnership
MOS Marine Observation Satellite; Multispectral Optoelectric Scanner
MOSS Map Overlay and Statistical System
MOST Moving Objects Spatio-Temporal
MOUG Map Online Users Group
MP Measuring point
MPE Map Publishing Environment
MPLIS Multipurpose land information system(s)
Mpls. Minneapolis
MPO Multiproduct operation
MPP Multi-spectral scanner preprocessor
MPRD Modified Proportional Radial Displacement
MPRM Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources (Saudi Arabia)
MPWUPH Ministry of Public Works, Urban Planning and Housing (Djibouti)
MR Monoscopic revision
MRAC Musee Royale de l'Afrique Centrale
MRB Missouri River Basin
MRBC Missouri River Basin Commission
MRC Mississippi River Commission; Map Reference Code (USGS)
MRD Mineral Resources Div. (Manitoba); Mineral Resources Dept. (Fiji); McCloud Ranger District
MRDB Mapping Requirements Data Base System
MRI Metadata Reference Information; Mediamark Research inc.
MRIR Medium Resolution Infrared Radiometer
MRLU Map Reproduction and Liaison Unit
MRMS Maritime Resources Management Service
MRS Multispectral Resource Sampler
MrSID Multiresolution Seamless Image Database
MRSA Major River Systems Analysis
MRSH Marsh
MRWS Monoscopic Revision Workstation
ms. Manuscript
MS Manuscript; Mean seasonal; Milli-second; Microsoft Corp.; Monochromatic Scanner
MSA Metropolitan statistical area; Mineralogical Society of America; Maritime Safety Agency (Japan)
MSC Map Society of California; Mapping Science Committee (NRC)
MSD Mapping support data; Malawi Dept. of Surveys; Mauritius Survey Dept.
MSDO Mapping Support District Office
MS-DOS MicroSoft Disc Operating System
MSE Mean square error
MSEDB Mapping Sciences Education Data Base
MSIA Mapping Sciences Inst., Australia
MSIRI Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Inst.
MSIS Map Separates Information System; Model State Information System
MSL Mean sea level
MSLS Maine Society of Land Surveyors
MSP Multispectral photography
.MSP Microsoft Paint format
MSPE Missouri Society of Professional Engineers
MSPS Michigan Society of Professional Surveyors; Minnesota Society of Professional Surveyors
MSR Minimal Spatial Representation
MSRLS Michigan Society of Registered Land Surveyors
MSS Multispectral Scanner; Maryland Society of Surveyors
MST Mountain Standard Time
MSTS Map Separates Tracking System
MSV Model and Scenario Visualization
Mt. Mount; Mountain; Mont
MT Mountain; Montana
MTA Major Trading Areas (FCC)
MTAE Maden Tetkik ve Arama Enstitutu (Turkey)
MTC Ministerio de Transporte y Comunicaciones (Venezuela)
MTF Modulation transfer function
Mtn. Mountain
MTP MSS Telemetry Processor
MTPE Mission to Planet Earth (NASA)
MTS Mountains
MTSAT Multi-Functional Transport Satellite (Japan)
MTT Mobile Training Teams (USDMA)
MTU Magnetic tape unit
MUID Map Unit ID [Identification]
MURB Minister fur Umwelt, Raumordnung und Bauwesen (Saarland)
MW Megawatt
M.W. Mittelwasser
MWDI Master Water Data Index
MWF Map Window File

Return to Index

n. nordlich = northern
N Norden = North
N. North
NA National Archives; National Atlas; Not available; Not applicable
NABGG National Assn. for Black Geologists and Geophysicists
NAC NASA Advisory Council
NACIS North American Cartographic Information Society = Sociedad de Informacion Cartografica Norte Americana
NACo National Assn. of Counties
NACS National Assn. of County Surveyors
NAD North American Datum
NAD 27 North American Datum of 1927
NAD 83 North American Datum of 1983
NADCON North American Datum Conversion
NADEC National Atlas Development Centre (Ghana)
NAFSMA National Assn. of Flood and Stormwater Management Agencies
NAGT National Assn. of Geoscience Teachers
NAHSC National Automated Highway System Consortium
NAICS North American Industry Classification System
NAIS National Atlas Information Service (Canada)
NALMS North American Lake Management Society
NALS Nevada Assn. of Land Surveyors
NAP Northern Affairs Program (Canada)
NAPA National Academy of Public Administration
NAPP National Aerial Photography Program (U.S.)
NARA National Archives and Records Administration (U.S.)
NARC National Association of Regional Councils
NARL Naval Arctic Research Laboratory (Barrow, Alaska)
NARS National Archives and Records Service (U.S.)
NARSA National Advanced Remote Sensing Applications Program
NAS National Academy of Sciences (U.S.); National Airspace System (U.S.)
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (U.S.)
NASBOG National Assn. of State Boards of Geology
NASDA National Space Development Agency (Japan)
NATM New Austrian Tunnelling Method
NATMAP Div. of National Mapping (Australia)
NATMO Indian National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organization
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NAVD North American Vertical Datum
NAVD 88 North American Vertical Datum 1988
NAVOCEAO Naval Oceanographic Office (U.S.)
Navtech Navigation Technology Seminars Inc.
NAWQUA National Water Quality Assessment
NB Narrow band
Nbf Nebenbahnhof
NBFU National Board of Fire Underwriters
NBMG Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology
NBS National Biological Survey (U.S.); National Bureau of Standards (U.S.); National Board of Survey = Maanmittaushallitus (Finland)
NBSM National Bureau of Surveying and Mapping (China)
NBTR Narrow band tape record(s or -er)
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research (U.S.)
NCARB National Council of Architectural Registration Boards
NCC National Cartographic Centre (Iran)
NCDCDS National Committee for Digital Cartographic Standards (U.S.)
NCDS National Cartographic Data Standard
NCDSB National Cartographic Data Standard Base
NCE North Coast Engineering
NCEE National Council of Engineering Examiners
NCEES National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying
NCGA National Computer Graphics Assn.
NCGIA National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis
NC&GS National Charting & Geodetic Survey
NCGS North Carolina Geological Survey
NCIC National Cartographic Information Center (U.S.)
NCRDS National Coal Resources Data System
NCS National Cartographic Standards
NCSD Nebraska Conservation and Survey Div.
NCSME Service des Mines et de l'Energie (New Caledonia)
NCSS North Carolina Society of Surveyors
ND North Dakota
N-D N-dimensional
NDAR National Directory of Australian Resources
NDCDB National Digital Cartographic Data Base (USGS)
NDCS National Digital Cartographic Standards
NDF Nevada Division of Forestry
NDG Northern Development Group Inc.
NDGPS National Differential GPS Network (U.S.)
NDGS North Dakota Geological Survey
NDL National Digital Library (Library of Congress)
NDLS Nauru Directorate of Lands and Survey
NDNRC Nevada Dept. of Natural Resources and Conservation
NDS National Decision Systems
NDSL Nevada Division of State Lands
NDSPLS North Dakota Society of Professional Land Surveyors
NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetation Index
NE Northeast
NEIS National Earthquake Information Service
NEL National Exploitation Laboratory
NEMO North East Map Organization
NEPAN National Environmental Policy Act; National Environmental Protection Act
NERDD Networked Electronic Report & Document Distribution
NESACSM New England Section ACSM
NESDIS National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service
NESS National Environmental Satellite Service
NESTA National Earth Science Teachers Assn.
NEXRAD Next Generation Weather Radar
NFAP National Forest Applications Program
NFDRS National Fire Danger Rating System
NFFL National Forest Fire Laboratory
NFIP National Flood Insurance Program (U.S.)
NRIRA National Flood Insurance Reform Act (U.S.)
NFS National Forest Service (U.S.); National Forest System; Network File System
NFWS National Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S.)
NGBN National Gravity Base Net (U.S.)
NGCS National Geodetic and Cartographic Service (Vietnam)
NGDC National Geophysical Data Center (U.S.); National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse
NGDF National Geospatial Data Files
NGI National Geography Inst. = Kungnip Chiriwon (S. Korea)
NGIC National Geodetic Information Center
NGMBD National Geologic Map Database (USGS)
NGPRP Northern Great Plains Resource Program
NGRI National Geophysical Research Inst. (India)
NGRS National Geodetic Reference System (U.S.)
NGS National Geographic Society (U.S.); National Geodetic Survey (U.S.)
NGSP National Geodetic Satellite Program
NGU Norges Geologiske Undersokelse
NGVD National Geodetic Vertical Datum
NGVD29 National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929
NGWIC National Ground Water Information Center
NHAP National High Altitude Photography (program)
NHLSA New Hampshire Land Surveyors Assn.
NHPN National Highway Planning Network (FHWA)
NHS National Highway System
NI Natturfraedistofnun Islands
NICMOS Near-Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer
NII National Information Infrastructure
NIIGA Nauchno-Issledovatel'skii Institut Geologii Artiki (U.S.S.R.)
NIMA National Imagery and Mapping Agency (U.S.)
NIPR National Inst. for Polar Research (Japan)
NIS Nationwide Inpatient Sample (AHCPR)
NIST National Inst. of Standards and Technology (U.S.)
NIUA National Inst. of Urban Affairs (India)
NIWAR National Inst. of Water and Atmosphere Ltd. (New Zealand)
NJGS New Jersey Geological Survey
NJIT New Jersey Institute of Technology
NJSPLS New Jersey Society of Professional Land Surveyors
NJSPS New Jersey Society of Professional Surveyors
NLA National Land Agency (Japan)
NLAPS National Landsat Archive Production Sytem (USGS)
NLIS National Land Information Service (UK)
NLQ Near-letter quality
NLRB National Level Bibliographic Record
NLUIS Northern Land Use Information Series (Canada)
NMAS National Map Accuracy Standards
NMASM New Mexico Assn. of Surveyors and Mappers
NMB National Mapping Bureau (Papua New Guinea)
NMBM&MR New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources
NMC National Map Collection (Canada)
NMCC National Map Collection of Canada
NMD National Mapping Div. (USGS)
NMF Network Mapping Facilities (Firm)
NMMC National Map Managers Conference
NMP National Mapping Program
NNE North northeast
NNSS Navy Navigational Satellite System
NNW North north west
no nordostwarts
NO Nordosten = northeast
N.O. New Orleans
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.)
NOBS Northern Ohio Bibliographic Society
NOMS Northern Ohio Map Society
NOPPA National Ocean Pollution Protection Act
NORTAD North American Transportation Atlas Data
NOS National Ocean Service (U.S.); National Ocean Survey (U.S.)
NOSC National Oceans Systems Center
NOSS National Oceanographic Satellite System (U.S.)
NP Norsk Polarinstitutt
NPF Norsk Petroleums-forening = Norwegian Petroleum Society
NPIC National Photographic Interpretation Center (U.S.)
NPOC Naval Polar Oceanographic Center (U.S.)
NPR National Performance Review (U.S.)
NPRA National Petroleum Reserve (Alaska)
NPS National Park Service (U.S.); Nonpoint source
Nr. Nummer = number
NRA National Recreation Area
NRC National Research Council; Nuclear Regulatory Commission (U.S.)
NRCS Natural Resources Conservation Service (USDA)
NRCT National Resources Council of Thailand
NRDD Natural Resources Data Directory (NSW); National Resources Data Directory (Australia)
NRI National Resources Inventory (SCS)
NRIC National Resource Information Centre (Australia)
NRIS National Resource Information System
NRO National Reconnaissance Office (U.S.)
NRS National Reference System (U.S.)
NRSA National Remote Sensing Agency (India)
NRSC National Remote Sensing Centre (U.K.)
NRSL Northern Remote Sensing Laboratory (Univ. of Alaska)
NRWS Narrows
NS Not sprinklered
NSA National Security Agency
NSAPI Netscape Server Application Programming Interface
NSC National Space Council (U.S.); National Security Council (U.S.); National Society of Cartographers
NSD Nepal Survey Dept.
NSDC National Spatial Data Council (U.S.)
NSDI National Spatial Data Infrastructure; National Spatial Data Information
NSDNR Nova Scotia Dept. of Natural Resources
NSF National Science Foundation (U.S.)
NSGIC National States Geographic Information Council
NSKV Norges Sjokartverk
NSLAB Niedersachsisches Landesamt fur Bodenforschung
NSLVA Niedersachsisches Landesverwaltungsamt
NSN National Satellite Network
NSPE National Society of Professional Engineers
NSPS National Society of Professional Surveyors
NSRFC Nova Scotia Research Foundation Corp.
NSRS National Spatial Reference System (NOAA)
NSS National Soil Survey (Ireland); National Speleological Society; Navigational Safety System
NSTL National Space Technology Laboratory
NSW New South Wales
NTAD National Transportation Atlas Data (U.S.)
NTD National Topographic Database (OS)
NTDB National Topographic Data Base (Canada)
NTDL Northern Territory Dept. of Lands (Australia)
NTDME Dept. of Mines and Energy (Northern Territory, Australia)
NTF National Transfer Format (U.K.)
NTIS National Technical Information Service (U.S.)
NTM Notice to Mariners
NTPS National Transportation Planning System

National Topographic Series (Canada); National Topographic System (Canada); Navigation Technology Satellite; Nevada Test Site
NTSB National Transportation Safety Board (U.S.)
NUC National Union Catalog
NUC CM National Union Catalog, Cartographic Material
NURE National Uranium Resources Evaluation (program)
NV Nevada
NVCN National Vertical Control Network (U.S.)
nw nordwestlich
NW Northwest; Nordwesten
N.W. Niedrigwasser
NWA National Water Alliance
NWFP North West Frontier Province (Pakistan)
NWI National Wetlands Inventory (USFWS); National Wilderness Inventory (Australia)
NWS National Weather Service (NOAA)
NWSCA National Water and Soil Conservation Authority (New Zealand)
NY New York
N.Y. New York
N.Y.C. New York City
NYPL New York Public Library
NYSAPLS New York State Assn. of Professional Land Surveyors
NYSDOT New York State Dept. of Transportation
NYSDT New York State Dept. of Transportation
NYSGS New York Geological State Geological Survey
N.Z. New Zealand
NZFS New Zealand Forest Service
NZGD New Zealand Geophysics Div.
NZGS New Zealand Geological Survey
NZMG New Zealand Map Grid
NZMS New Zealand Dept. of Lands and Survey
NZOI New Zealand Oceanographic Inst.
NZSB New Zealand Soil Survey

Return to Index

o ostwarts
O Osten = east
OAB Operational advisory broadcasts
OAC Osterreichischer Automobil Club
OACH Office of the Assistant Chief Hydrologist
OADCES On-line Aerotriangulation Data Collection and Editing System
OAdW Osterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften
OAMTC Osterreichischer Automobil-, Motorrad- und Touring-Club
OAS Orbit Adjustment Subsystem; Organization of American States
OASIS Oceanic and Atmospheric Scientific Information System
Obj. Objekt
OBM Ontario Basic Mapping Program
OBRP Object representation
OBS Office of Biological Services
OCAP Ohio Capability Analysis Project
OCE Office of the Chief of Engineers
OCH Office of the Chief Hydrologist
OCLC Ohio College Library Center
OCR Optical Character Recognition; Optical Character Reader
OCRS Ontario Centre for Remote Sensing
OCS Office of Cadastral Survey (BLM); Operational Control System; Outer Continental Shelf; Ocean Color Scanner
OCTS Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner
OD Optical disc; Outside diameter
ODBC Operational Database Connectivity
ODE Open development environment
ODF Oregon Dept. of Forestry
ODFW Oregon Dept. of Fish and Wildlife
ODGMI Oregon State Dept. of Minerals and Mineral Industries
ODGS Ohio Div. of Geological Survey
ODOP Ohio Digital Orthophotography Project
ODOT Ohio Dept. of Transportation
OEEPE Organisation europeene d'etudes en photogrammetrie experimentale
OESA Office of Earth Science Applications
OF Open file; Open-file
Offn. Offnung = aperture, opening
OFIPLAN Oficina de Planificacion Nacional (Costa Rica)
OFR Open file report; Open-file report
OFSS Open-file Services Section
OGC Open GIS Consortium, Inc.
OGDI Open Geospatial Datastore Interface
OGRIP Ohio Geographically Referenced Information Program
OGS Ontario Geological Survey; Oklahoma Geological Survey
OGW Office of Ground Water
OGWP Office of Ground Water Protection (EPA)
OHW Office of Hazardous Wastes Hydrology
OIA Office of International Activities
OIG Office of International Geology
OIH Office of International Hydrology
OILT Oil tank farm
OK Okonomisk kart (Norway); Osterreichische Karte
OKAGE Oklahoma Alliance for Geographic Education
OLAP Online analytical processing
OLE Object Linking/Embedding
OLS Operational Line Scan (imaging system); Ordinary Least Squares
OMNR Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources
OMO Other mapping organization
OMTC Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Communications
ON Original negative
ONC Operational Navigation Chart
ONERN Oficina Nacional de Evaluacion de Recursos Naturales (Peru)
ONIG Office Nationale de la Geologie (Algeria)
ONPR Office of National Petroleum Reserve (USGS)
OO Object-Orientation
OOPEC Office for Official Publications of the European Communities
OOSI Osterreichisches Ost- und Sudosteuropa-Institut
OPAC Online public access catalog; online patron access catalog
OPCS Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (U.K.)
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OPL Oilfield Publications
OPP Operational Positional Procedure
OPR Office of Planning and Research
OPS Optical sensor(s)
OR Oregon
OQ Orthophoto quadrangle
ORH Office of the Regional Hydrologist
ORID Ortho Rectified Image Data
ORRH Office of the Regional Research Hydrologist
ORSER Office for Remote Sensing of Earth Resources (Penn. State Univ.)
ORSTOM Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre Mer
OS Ordnance Survey (U.K.); Object space; Operating System
OSCAR Online Satellite Catalog and Request System (NOAA)
OSD Overseas Surveys Directorate (U.K.); Office of the Secretary of Defense (U.S.); On-screen display
OSDA Oregon State Dept. of Agriculture
OSEC Ocean Systems Engineering Corp.
OSEDA Office of Social and Economic Data Analysis (Missouri)
OSFD Oregon State Forestry Dept.
OSGB Ordnance Survey (U.K.)
OSI Open Systems Interconnect model; Open Systems Interconnection
OSIP Operational Satellite Improvement Program
OSLS Oklahoma Society of Land Surveyors
OSM Office of Surface Mining
OSNI Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland
OSOA Optimal Statistical Objective Analysis
OSP Office of State Planning
OSS Office of Strategic Services (U.S.)
OSSI Optronic Sensor for Stereo Imagery
OSTA Office of Space and Terrestrial Applications (NASA)
OSTF Ordnance Survey Transfer Format
OSTZ Osterreichisches Statistisches Zentralamt
OSU Oregon State University
OSW Office of Saline Water; Office of Surface Water
OTA Office of Technology Assessment
OTC Over-the-counter; Office for Topography and Cartography (Tunisia)
OTF On-the-fly
OTH Over the horizon
OTHT Over the horizon targeting
O.U. Open under
OUCLS Ontario Universities' Library Cooperative System
OUO Official use only
OVN Optical visible near-infrared
OW Oil well
OWDC Office of Water Data Coordination
OWRD Oregon Water Resources Dept.
OWRR Office of Water Resources and Research
OWRT Office of Water Research and Technology

Return to Index

P Precision
PAA Priority abatement areas
PAAD Program Acronyms, Abbreviations and Definitions
PAC Photo Annotation/Classification; Publications Advisory Committee (WAML)
PACOG Pueblo Area Council of Governments
PACON Pacific Congress on Marine Science and Technology
PADCO Planning and Development Cooperative International
PAGIS Planning and Geographic Information Systems (Hawaii); Pulaski (County, Ark.) Area Geographic Information System
PAIGH Pan-American Inst. of Geography and History
PAL Prime agricultural lands
PALIS Ponds and Lakes Information System
PAM Port-A-Meter; Point access methods
PAN Polska Akademia Nauk
PAPS Pooled Analytical Plotter System
PAS Pacific Aerial Surveys
PASDA Pennsylvania Spatial Data Access system
PASP Planning and Analysis Section
PAT Polygon Attribute Table
PAVE Package for Analysis and Visualization of Environmental Data
Pbf Personenbahnhof = Passenger railway station
PBM Portable Bitmap (format)
PBO Performance-based organization
PC Personal Computer; Principal components
PCC Professional competency credit
PC-DOS Personal Computer-Disc Operating System
PCGN Permanent Committee on Geographical Names for British Official Use
PCH Professional competency hour
PCLI Independent political entity (republic)
P-Code Precise code; Protected code
.PCX PC Paintbrush Export Format
PD Precision digitizing; Publications Div. (USGS)
PDA Personal digital assistant; Portable data access
P&DC Printing & Distribution Center
PDF Platform Data File; Portable Document Format
PDH Professional development hour
PDL Page Description Language; Positioning Data Link (Pacific Crest Corp.)
PDQ Public Data Queries, Inc.
PDR Preliminary Design Review (U.S. government)
PDT Pacific Daylight Time; Precision digitizing table
PDU Professional development unit
PDWS Precision digitizing workstation
P.E. Photogrammetric Engineer; Professional Engineer
PECG Professional Engineers in California Government
PEN Peninsula
Pers. Personen
PE&RS Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing (journal)
PES Post enumeration survey
Pf. Pfeiler
PFLP Point-feature label placement
PGM Permanent ground monument
.PGM Portable Graymap (format)
PG/S Product Generation Segment
P.H. Power house
PHC Probable hydrologic consequences
PHIGS Programmer Hierarchical Interactive Graphics System
PHODIS Photogrammetric Image Processing System (Carl Zeiss Inc.)
PI Pseudo intelligence; Photo interpretation
PIC Public Information Center
.PIC Lotus 1-2-3 Picture Format
PICG Programme International de Correlation Geologique
PID Photoionization detector; Permanent station identifier
PIDL Polygon ID left
PIDR Polygon ID right
PIG Panstwowy Instytut Geologiczny (Poland)
PIN Parcel identification number
PIO Public Inquiries Office (USGS)
PIOS Polygon Information Overlay System (ESRI)
Pixel Picture element
PK Peak
PKM Penyiasatan Kajimbumi Malaysia; Professional Kansas Mapper
PKS Peaks
PL Programming language; Public law
PLAT Plateau
PLF Point Location File
PLGR Precision lightweight GPS receiver
PLN Plain
PLOT Plotting (software)
PLS Professional Land Surveyor
PLSC Professional Land Surveyors of Colorado
PLSO Professional Land Surveyors of Oregon; Professional Land Surveyors of Ohio
PLSS Public Land Survey System (U.S.)
PMA Production and Marketing Administration (USDA)
PM/S Production Management Segment
PMSA Primary metropolitan statistical area
PMT Positive media transfer; Photomultiplier tube
PND Pond
PNDI Intermittent pond
.PNG Portable Network Graphics (format)
PNRC Pacific Northwest Regional Commission
PNDS Ponds
PNRS Preliminary Natural Resources Survey
PNW Pacific Northwest
PO Photogrammetric Operations; Post office
P&O Plans & Operations
POAM Polar Ozone and Aerosol Measurement
POC Point of contact; Point of control
POES Polar-Orbiting Satellites (NOAA)
POLYID Polygon identification number
POS Point-of-scale
POSIX Portable Operating System Interface for Computer Environments (UNIX)
POTS Pan-only Triangulation System
PP Proof plot; Proof plotter
PPB Parts per billion
PPDB Point Positioning Data Base
PPGIS Public participation GIS
PPL Populated place
PPM Portable Pixelmap (format)
PPMS Photogrammetry Production Monitoring System
PPNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PPNM Pengarah Pemetaan Negara, Malaysia
PPP Point-to-point (protocol account, for email connections)
PPPG Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi
PPS Precise Positioning Service; Photographic Processing System
PPSS Precise Positioning Service Security Module
PPWK Panstwowe Przedsiebiorstwo Wydawnictw Kartograficznych (Poland)
PR Photo revision; Precipitation Radar; Pattern recognition
PRF Point response function
PRIM Primary Map (inventory)
PRO Public Record Office (U.K.)
PROSIX Production System (USGS)
PROSYS Production System--UNIX (USGS)
PS Plot Services; Point source; PostScript; Paleontological Society; Polar stereographic (projection)
PSA Paciulli, Simmons & Associates Ltd.
PSAN Professional Surveyors Assn. of Nebraska
PSCOG Puget Sound Council of Governments
PSI Planning Systems, Inc.
PSLS Pennsylvania Society of Land Surveyors
PSMA Professional Services Management Assn.
PSSC Public Service Satellite Corp.
PST Pacific Standard Time
PSU Primary sampling unit
PT Point
PTC Positive train control
Pts. Points
PUBGRF90 TIGER Geographic Reference File Names, 1990
PUG Petroleum Users Group (ESRI)
PUMS Public Use Micro-Data Sample
PURL Persistent URL software
PVT Position, Velocity and Time

Return to Index

QA Quality assurance
QA/QC Quality assurance/quality control
QBS Quality-based selection
QC Quality control
QDF Queensland Dept. of Forestry
QDM Queensland Dept. of Mines
Q.H. Quadruple hydrant
QINSy Quality Integrated Navigation System (Quality Positioning Services, Inc.)
QLID Queensland Land Information Directory
QLIS Queensland Land Information Strategy
QLPS Quick-Look Processing System
qm Quadratmeter
QMSoft Qualitative Marketing Software Inc.
QS Quadratic splines
QSL Quarter scan line
QTM Quaternary triangular mesh
QW Quality of water

Return to Index

r. rechts
R Range; Release; Ruin
R&A OSS Research and Analysis Branch, Office of Strategic Services (U.S.)
RAD Rapid development application
RAID Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
RAIM Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (GPS)
RALI Resource and Land Information; Resource and Land Investigations (program LIA)
RALS Random access logical subfiles
RAM Random access memory
RAP Regional applications program
RAS Remote Analysis Systems
RASC Royal Australian Survey Corps.
RATP Regie autonome des transports parisiens
RBDS Radio broadcast data system
RBE Rule-Base Engine
RBI River Basin Investigation
RBMS Relational Database Management System
RBV Return Beam Vidicon
RCA Radio Corporation of America
RCC Regional census center
RCH Reach
RCIC Regional Coastal Information Center
RCID Record ID [Identification]
RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
RCS Research Camera System
RCSSMRS Regional Centre for Services in Surveying and Mapping and Remote Sensing (Nairobi)
RCWD Rancho California Water District
R&D Research and development
RDBMS Relational database management system
RDGE Ridge
RDI Resource Data International Inc.
RDS Radio data system
RDTS Research and Development Tracking System (BLM)
RE Royal Engineers (U.K.)
REA Rural Electrification Administration (U.S.)
REAP Regional Environmental Applications Program (N. Dakota)
REC Recompile(d)
RE COMP Recompile
RECOMP Recompilation
REDI Real Estate Data Inc.
Reichsb Reichsbahn
Reichsbf Reichsbahnhof
RELOS Regional Locator System
RepCode Representation Code
RESCU Remote Emergency Satellite Cellular Unit
RESTEC Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan
RET Rotterdamsche Electrische Tram
RETSAM Review, Editing and Tagging Software for Automated Mapping
REU Resources Evaluation Unit (USFS)
Rev Revised
REVPG Revision and Product Generation System
RF Representative fraction; Reef
RfC Reference concentration
RFPMG Radar Fixed Point Minigraphic
RGB Red-green-blue
Rgbf Rangierbahnhof = Shunting station
RGD Rijks Geologische Dienst (Netherlands)
RGS Royal Geographical Society (U.K.)
RH Regional hydrologist; Relative humidity
RIAI Royal Inst. of Architects of Ireland
RICS Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (U.K.)
RIG RETSAM/Intergraph/Giant
RIJP Rijksdienst voor de IJsselmeerpolders (Netherlands)
RIN Realty Information Network
RINEX Receiver Independent Exchange (GPS data format)
RIP Raster Image Processing; Raster Image Processor; Road Inventory Program
RIPS Remote Image Processing System; Remote Information Processing System
RIRT Russian Inst. of Radionavigation and Time
RIS Rapid Imaging Software; Retroreflector in Space
RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer
RKSW Rocks in water
RKW Rock in water
RL Rannsoknastofnun Landbunadarins (Iceland)
RLE Run-length encoded
RM Replacement mapping
RMA Reliability, Maintainability and Availability
RMCA Road Map Collectors of America
RMK R.M. Keddal & Associates, Inc.
RMM Rocky Mountain Mapping Center (USGS)
RMSE Root mean squared error
RMT Remotely measured target
RNRC Renewable Natural Resources Center
RNRF Renewable Natural Resources Foundation
RO Range only
RODOBRAS Comiss~ao Especial construc~ o da Rodovia Belem-Brasilia
ROM Read-Only Memory
ROMANSE Road Management System for Europe
ROMP Regional Observation Monitoring (well) Program
ROP Raster operations processor
R-O-W Right-of-Way
RP Reference point
RPDS Rapids
RPE Regional political ecology
RPID Representation module ID
RPIE Replacement Photographic Image Equipment
RQA River Quality Assessment
RPMIS Real Property Management Information System
RPP RBV Preprocessor
RPU Remote positioning unit
RRDS Reduced Resolution Data Set
RRH Regional Research Hydrologist
R/S Remote sensing
RSAL Remote Sensing Applications Laboratory (Univ. of Washington)
RSC/TAMU Remote Sensing Center/Texas A&M Univ.
RSI Remotely Sensed Imagery; RADARSAT International Remote Sensing Institute (S.Dakota State Univ.)
RSIP Remote Sensing and Image Processing
RSRP Remote Sensing Research Program (Univ. of Calif., Berkeley)
RSRT Resort
RSSC Remote Sensing Science Council
RST Representation Style Table
RSTF Remote Sensing Task Force
RSTN Railroad station
RSV Reservoir
RSVP Resource reservation protocol
RT Radio tower; Real time; Remote terminal
RTA Regional Transport Authority (Illinois)
RTCM Radio Technical Commission for Maritime (format)
RTF Rich Text Format
RT-GPS Real-time Differential GPS
RTK Real-time kinematic; Right-to-Know Network
RTP Real Time Positioning
R&TS Research & Technical Standards
RTSD Royal Thai Survey Dept.
RTSI Routing Technology Software Inc.
RTTK Real Time TurboKinematic (Allen Obsobne Associates)
RTV Raster to vector
RUIN Ruins
RUIS San Diego Regional Urban Information System
RUS Rest of the U.S.
RV Reise- und Verkehrsverlag
R-VIS Reality Visualization
RVP Raster-to-vector processor; Radar Verification Programme

Return to Index

s. Sculpsit (engraver); sudlich = southern, southerly
S Secret; Store; Suden = south
SA Selected availability; Selective availability; Signal accuracy; Situational awareness; Source acquisition
S&A Sampling and analysis
SAA Southern Appalachian Assessment (GIS database)
SAC Sectional aeronautical chart
SACC Spatial Analysis Coordinating Committee
SADIE System at Arizona for Digital Information Extraction
SADL South Australia Dept. of Lands
SADME South Australian Dept. of Mines and Energy
SADR Spatial address
SAE Survey Agro Ekonomi (Indonesia)
SAF Society of American Foresters
SAGA Short Arc Geodetic Adjustment (doppler)
SAGEEP Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems
SAIC Science Applications International Corp.
SaLIS Surveying and Land Information Systems (journal)
SALT Salina
SAM Spatial access methods
SAMAB Southern Appalachian Man and Biosphere (project)
SAMSOG Surveying and Mapping Society of Georgia
SANAIS South African Natural Areas Information System
SAR Synthetic aperture radar
SA/S Source Aquisition Segment
SAST Scientific Assessment and Strategy Team (U.S.)
SAT Small area triangulation
SAW Spill analysis workstation; Surface acoustic wave
SAZU Slovenske Akademije Znanosti in Umetnosti = Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Art
SB Survey of Bangladesh
SBCDP Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program (U.S.)
SBM Surveys and Mapping Branch (Manitoba)
SBUV Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (spectrometer)
sc. Sculpsit = engraver
S/C Spacecraft
SCADA Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
SCAMP Southern California Aerial Mapping Project
SCAR Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
SCB Statistika Centralbyran (Sweden)
SCC Servico de Cartografia e Cadastro (Macao); SoftCopy Catalog (USDMA)
SCCAMA Southern California Computer Aided Mapping Assn.
SCD Source Control Drawing; Specification Control Drawing
SCEP Servico Cartografico do Exercito (Portugal)
SCERP Southwest Center for Environmental Research and Policy
SCGP Societe Canadienne des Geologique Petroliers
SCGS South Carolina Geological Survey
Sch School
SCH School
Scheit-elst. Scheitelstarke
Schl. Schloss = castle
SCO State Cartographer's Office (Wisconsin)
SCOOP Schedule Control of Orthophoto Products
SCOPE Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment
SCR Service Cartographique du Rwanda
SCS Soil Conservation Service (USDA)
SCSA Standard Consolidated Statistical Area; Soil Conservation Society of America
SCSI Small computer system interface
SCSMAC South Carolina State Mapping Advisory Committee
SCSPLS South Carolina Society of Professional Land Surveyors
sct. Sculpsit (engraver)
SCTRAP South Carolina Toxic Risk Atlas Project
sculp. Sculpsit (engraver)
SCWRC South Carolina Water Resources Commission
SD South Dakota
S.D. South Dakota
SDB Spatial data base
SDE Spatial Database Engine (ESRI)
SDES Spatial Data Exchange Standard
SDG Survey Dept. Ghana
SDGS South Dakota Geological Survey
SDH Spatial data handling
SDI Selected Dissemination of Information
SDL Survey Dept. of Libya
SDLC Synchronous Data-Like Control; System Development Life Cycle
SDMG Direction des Mines et de la Geologie (Senegal)
SDNR State Dept. of Natural Resources
SDOI Spatial Data Organization Information
SDPS Spatial Data Production System
SDRW Societe de Developpement Regional pour la Wallonie
SDS Swaziland Dept. of Surveys; Simplicial data structure
SDSB Satellite Data Services Branch (NOAA)
SDSS Spatial decision support systems
SDTP Spatial data transfer processor
SDTS Spatial Data Transfer Standard
SDUK Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge
SE Southeast
SEAMS Soil, Environmental, and Agricultural Management System (Univ. of Florida Dept. of Soil and Water)
SEASAT Sea Satellite (U.S.)
SEATO Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
SECFT Sociedad Espa~nola de Cartografia, Fotogrametria y Teledeteccion
SEDAC Socioeconomic Data and Application Center
SEDESOL Secretaria de Dessarrollo Social (Mexico)
SEDUE Secretaria de Desarrollo Urbano y Ecologia (Mexico)
SEG Society of Economic Geologists; Society of Exploration Geophysicists
S.E.O.P. Secretaria de Estado de Obras Publicas (Argentina)
SEOS Stationary Earth Orbit Satellite
SEPA State Environmental Protection Agency
SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
SERIES Satellite Emission Range Inferred Earth Surveying
Servicio Nacional Geologia y Mineria (Chile)

SES Standalone Edit Stations
SESCPF Service d'Etude des Sols et de la Carte Pedalogique de France
SEVIRI Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager
SEWUG Southeastern Water Use Group
S.F. San Francisco
SfBWW Senator fur Bau- und Wonungswesen (Berlin)
SFHA Special Flood Hazard Area
SFQL Structured Full-text Query Language
SfSU Senator fur Stadtentwicklung und Umweltschutz (Berlin)
SGA Societe Geoscientifique de l'Atlantique; State Geologic Agencies; Service Geologique de l'Armee (Syria)
SGB Service Geologique Belgique; Servicio geologico de Bolivia
SGCB State Geodesy and Cartography Board (Mongolia)
SGD Solar Geophysical Data (journal); Symbolized Graphic Data; Surveyor General's Dept. (South West Africa)
SGE Servicio Geografico del Ejercito (Spain)
SGG Service Geologique du Gabon
SGpK Schweizerische Geophysikalische Kommission
SGI Servicio Geologico d'Italia; Silicon Graphics workstation
SGK Schweizerische Geologische Kommission
SGL Service Geologique de Luxembourg
SGM Servicio Geografico Militar (Uruguay)
SGML Standard generalized markup language
SGN Servicio Geologico Nacional (Argentina, Nicaragua); Service Geographique National (Laos)
SGS Stanford Geological Survey
SGtK Schweizerische Geotechnische Kommission
SGU Sveriges Geologiska Undersokning; Savezna Geodetska Uprava (Yugoslavia)
SHA State Highway Administration (Maryland)
SHAPE Systematic Horizontol Adjustment of Positional Errors
SHDSL Symmetric High-bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line
SHEF Standard Hydrometeorological Exchange Format
SHN Servicio de Hidrografia Naval (Argentina)
SHOALS Scanning Hydrographic Operational Airborne LIDAR System (USCE)
SHOL Shoal
SHOM Service Hydrographique et Ocenographique de la Marine (France)
SHORAN Short-range Navigation (system)
SHS Surveyors Historical Society
S., I. John Speed
SI Survey of India; Survey of Israel
SIAC Spatial Information and Analysis Consortium
SIAN Service d'information de l'atlas nationale (Canada)
SIAT Special Image Annotation Tape
SIB Solar Indices Bulletin
SIC Standard Industrial Classification
SICC Surveying Instrumentation and Coordinate Computation
SICO Schonstedt Intstrument Company
SICOM South Australian Spatial Information Committee
SID Scanned Image Data; South Australian Spatial Information Directory
SIF Standard Interchange Format (Intergraph)
SIG Sistemas de informacion geografica; Special interest group
SIGACE Special Interest Group for the Application of CD-ROM in Education
SIGCAT Special Interest Group on CD-ROM Applications & Technology (U.S.)
SIGGRAPH Special Interest Group on Graphics (ACM)
SIGIT Swedish Institute for Geographic Information Technology
SIGLIT Special Interest Group on Library Information Technology (U.S.)
SIGS Solomon Islands Geological Survey
SIGSA Sistemas de Informacion Geografica S.A.
SIM Spatial interaction model
SIP Scanner Interface Processor
SIPES Society of Independent Professional Earth Scientists
SIR Shuttle Imaging Radar; Space Imaging Radar (NASA); Surveys, Investigations and Research (USGS)
SIRS Satellite Infrared Spectrometer
SIRU Soils and Irrigation Research Unit (South Africa)
SIS Standard Indexing System (DOD aerial photography); Spatial Information Systems (Computer Aided Development Corp.)
SISMD Solomon Islands Survey and Mapping Div.
SK Survey of Kenya; Slovenska Kartografia
SKV Statens Kartverk (Norway)
s.l. Sine loco = without place (of publication)
SLA Special Libraries Assn.
SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
SLAGMD Special Libraries Assn. Geography & Map Div.
SLAP Soils Landscape Analysis Project; Supplemental Low Altitude Photography
SLAR Side-Looking Airborne Radar
SLAT Spacecraft Location/Attitude Tape
SLD Slope-Line Detection
SLD29 Sea Level Datum of 1929
SLF Standard Linear Format
SLG Symbolized Line Graph; Synthetic Line Generation
SLGSD Sri Lanka Geological Survey Dept.
SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol
SLM Structure line model
SLP Slope(s)
SLR Satellite Laser Ranging; Side-looking Radar
SLSD Sri Lanka Survey Dept.
SLSI Society of Land Surveyors of Iowa
SLUPD Swaziland Land Use Planning Dept.
sm Seemeile
SM Survey Manual
SMA Schweizerische Meteorologische Anstalt
SMAC State Mapping Advisory Committee (or Council)
SMB Surveys and Mapping Branch (Manitoba)
SMC Special Mapping Center
SMCRA surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act
SMD Surveys and Mapping Div. (Tanzania)
SME Softcopy Monoscopic Extraction; Society of Mining Engineers; society for Mining, Metalurgy, and Exploration, Inc.
SMI Surveyors Module, Inc.
SMIB Surveying and Mapping Inst. of Beijing
SMIMS Single MIM-Based Integrated Mapping System (USBC)
SMIRR Shuttle Multispectral Infrared Radiometer
SMIPS Small Interactive Image Processing System
SMMR Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer
SMMT Submilimeter Telescope
SMN Servicio Meteorologico Nacional (Argentina)
SMOW Standard Mead Ocean Water
SMS Synchronous Meteorological Satellite(s)
SMSA Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
S/N Signal-to-Noise Ratio
s.n. Sine nomine = without name (of publisher)

Social, Natural, and Agricultural Resources Information Laboratory (Univ. of Kentucky)
SNCF Societe Nationale des Chemins de Fer (France)
SND Street Network Database
SNEP Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project
SNF Superior National Forest (Minn.)
SNGM Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria (Chile)
SNI Siemens Nixdorf Information Systems AG
SNID Startnode ID
SNIG Sistema Nacional de Informac~ao Geografica = Portuguese National Infrastructure for Geographic Information
SNLCS Servico Nacional de Levantamento e Conservac~ao de Solos (Brazil)
SNM Square nautical miles
SNR Signal-to-Noise Ratio
SNRIM Subcommittee on Natural Resources
SNT Servicio Nacional de Turismo (Chile)
SODEMI Societe pour le Developpement Minier de la Cote d'Ivoire
SOFRATOP Societe Francais de Travaux Topographique et Photogrammetriques
SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Satellite
SOLE Spatial On-Line Editor (ESRI)
SOM Space Oblique Mercator (projection)
SONAR Sound Navigation and Ranging
SONATRACH Societe Nationale de Recherches de l'Explorations Mini`eres (Algeria)
SOP Secretaria de Obras Publicas
SORSA Spatially-Oriented Referencing Systems Assn.
SOS Survey Office System
SOWR Sensitivity of Water Resources (global change hydrology program)
SP Survey of Pakistan
SPANS Spatial Analysis System (TYDAC Technologies)
SPARRSO Bangladesh Space Research and Remote Sensing Organisation
SPB Space Planning Bureau
SPC State Plane Coordinate (system(s))
SPC RE Survey Production Centre, Royal Engineers (U.K.)
SPCS State Plane Coordinate System(s)
SPDK Sistem Pengurusan Data Kadaster (Malaysia)
SPEK Sistem Pengeshan Kualiti = Quality Assurance System (SPDK)
SPID Sistem Pengurusan Imej Dokumen = Certified Plan Image Database (SPDK)
SPIE Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
SPIN-2 Space Information-2 Meter Data (Russian Space Agency)
SPIRE Spatial Paradigm for Information Retrieval and Exploration
SPO State Planning Office
SPOEM Special Projects Office for Exploitation Modernization (USDMA)
SPOT Syst`eme Probatoire d'Observation de la Terre (satellite)
SPOTS Standard Programming of Telemetry Systems
SPRI Scott Polar Research Inst. (Univ. of Cambridge)
SPS Standard Positioning Service
SP/S Source Preparation Segment
SPT Strathclyde Passenger Transport
SPVEA Superintendencia do Plano de Valorizac o Economica da Amazonia (Brazil)
SQL Standard Query Language; Structured Query language
SRBC Susquehanna River Basin Commission
SRES OP Special Report on Emission Scenarios Open Process
SRF Systematic reconnaissance flights
SRI Spatial Reference Information
SRMB Surveys and Resource Mapping Branch (British Columbia)
SROM Spectro-radiometer for Ocean Monitoring
SSA Seismological Society of America
SSCC SPAWAR Systems Center, Charleston
SSSA Soil Science Society of America
SSD Singapore Survey Dept.; Sudan Survey Dept.
SSE South Southeast
SSEW Soil Survey of England and Wales
SSEOP Space Shuttle Observation Project (U.S.)
SSGN Service Geographique National (Senegal)
SSK Stereo Softcopy Kit (Intergraph Corp.)
SSMC Silver Spring Metro Center (NOAA)
SSU Strategic Services Unit (U.S. War Dept.); Secondary sampling unit
SSURGO Soil Survey Geographical (database)
SSW South Southwest
St Saint; Street
STAAC Space and Terrestrial Applications Advisory Committee
STAC State Technology Applications Centers (NASA)
StatsCan Statistics Canada
STATSGO State Geographic Database (U.S.)
Stb. Steinbruch = stone quarry
STC Standard Telephones & Cables PLC; Stanford Technology Corp.
STCB Survey Technician Certification Board (ASCM)
Stde. Stunde = hour
STDM Stadium
STDN Spacecraft Tracking and Data Network
STF Summary tape file
STIBOKA Stichting voor Bodemkartering (Netherlands)
STINASU Stichting Natuurbescherming Suriname
STK Satellite Tool Kit (Analytical Graphics, Inc.)
STM Stream; System test mode
STMA Anabranch
STMD Distributary
STMI Intermittent stream
STMM Stream mouth
Str. Strasse = street
STRT Strait
STV Service Topographique (Vanuatu)
SU Standard update; Stanford University
SUC Society of University Cartographers
SUDENE Superintendencia de Desenvolvimento do Nordeste (Brazil)
SuDocs Superintendent of Documents (U.S.)
SUDSS Spatial understanding and decision support system
SUGK Slovak Office of Geodesy and Cartography
SUM Standard update, monoscopic
SUNI Stockholms Universitet Naturgeografiska Institutionen
SUNMAP Dept. of Natural Resources (Queensland) and its earlier names: Dept. of Lands; Division of Information, Dept. of Lands; Dept. of Geographic Information; Dept. of Mapping and Surveying
Sur. Surveyor
SUS Standard update, stereoscopic
SV Space vehicle
SVD Singular Value Decomposition
S-VGA Super Video Graphics Array
SVP Society of Vertebrate Paleontology
SW Software; Southwest; Surface water
S/W Software
SWA Super-wide angle
SWAB Southwest Alluvial Basins (project, NM)
SWDC Southwestern Colorado Data Center
SWG Standards working group
S.W.P.A. Southwest Pacific Area (Allied Forces)
SYCI System Corrected Images

Return to Index

t Tonne
t. tief = deep
T Township; photogrammetric elevation (measured with stereo plotter)
T. Tiefe = depth
TAC Terrain Analysis Center (USCE)
TACA Transportes Aereos Centro Americanos
TACAN Tactical Air Navigation
TAG Tabular and Graphic (system)
TAPS Tennessee Assn. of Professional Surveyors
TAR Tape address register
TARGA TrueVision Advanced Raster Graphics Adapter
TASC Transportation Administration Service Center (US); The Analytic Sciences Corp.
TASMAP Tasmania Dept. of Lands
TAVO Tubinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients
TAZ Traffic analysis zone
TBD To be determined
TBM Temporary bench mark; Tunnel boring machine
TBV To be verified
T.C.H. Thomas Campanius Holm
TCI Touring Club Italiano
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TCT Trans-continental Traverse (U.S.)
TD Thematic data; Topographic Div. (USGS); Total depth
TdA Teledeteccion Aplicada, S.A.
TDC Tennessee Dept. of Conservation
TDD Telecommunications Device for the Deaf
TDM Tasmania Dept. of Mines
TDN Topografische Dienst Nederland
TDR Time Domain Reflectrometry
TDRSS Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System
TDS Tripod Data Systems
TDSA Tribal designated statistical area
TDT Terrestrial Dynamic Time
T.E. Topographical Engineer
TEC The Engineering Center; Topographic Engineering Center (USCE)
TEFIS Transmission Electrical Facilities Information System (Santee Cooper)
TEKPLOT Tektronix Plotting (DLG software)
TELEX Teletypewriter Exchange
TELNET Telecommunications Network
TERCOM Terrain Contour Matching
TERSS Tasmanian Earth Resource Satellite Station
TES Terrain Edit System
TESC Tile enclosed elevator with self-closing traps
TESEMPS Terrain Edit Station/Elevation Matrix Processing System
TEXPLOT Tektronix Plotting (DLG software)
TFC Forestry Commission Tasmania
TFEL Thin-film electrolumiscent
TFH Technische Fachhoschule (Berlin)
TGS Technicolor Graphic Services, Inc.
T., G.M. Giuseppe Maria Terreni
T.H. Triple hydrant; Territory of Hawaii
THSOA The Hydrographic Society of America
TI Technical instruction; Technical investigation; Texas Instruments; Topographic instruction
TIC Technical Information Center (NASA)
.TIF Tagged Image File
TIFF Tagged Image File Format
TIGA Texas Instruments Graphics Architecture
TIGER Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing
TIGRIS Topologically Integrated Geographic Resource and Information System
TIMS Therms Infrared Multispectral Scanner
TIN Triangulated irregular network
TIRS Thermal Infrared Scanner
TJSA Tribal jurisdiction statistical area
TLI Terrain Line Interpolation
TLID TIGER/Line Record Identification Number
TLM Telemetry; Topographic Line Map
TLSD Tuvalu Lands and Survey Div.
TLV Threshold limit value
TM Thematic Mapper (Landsat); Timber management
TMAC Technical Mapping Advisory Council (U.S.)
TMC The Map Collector (journal)
TMDL Total maximum daily load
TMLS Ministry of Lands, Survey and Natural Resources (Tonga)
TMS Thematic Mapper Simulator; Topographic Mapping Service (Geomatics Canada)
TNP Transportation Network Profile
TNRIS Texas Natural Resources Information system
T-O Orbis terrarum (Medieval European map type: Nile and Don rivers and Mediterranean form a "T" surrounded by ocean in the shape of an "O")
TOPOCOM U.S. Army Topographic Command
Tp. Township
TPC Tactical Pilotage Chart
TPM Theodolitprufmachine
TPS Thin-plate splines
TQ Topographic quadrangle
TR Township and Range (public land survey)
TRACE Topographic Resources and Cost Evaluation (system)
Trafo Transformator
TRB Technical Review Board (U.S.)
TRF Terrestrial Reference Frame
Trgf. Tragfahigkeit = Carrying capacity
TRI Toxic Release Inventory (USEPA)
T/RS Township/Range System
TRSC Thailand Remote Sensing Center
TS Top secret
TSC1 Trimble System Controller
TSD Treatment, storage and disposal sites
TSGS Topographic Section, General Staff (Gt. Brit.)
TSI Teqnical Services Inc.
TSOP The Society for Organic Petrology
TSPS Texas Society of Professional Surveyors
TSS2 TurboSurvey Software 2
TT TT Maps & Publications Private Ltd.
TTD Tactical terrain data
TTY Teletype
TUNS Technical University of Nova Scotia
TVA Tennessee Valley Authority
TVP Topological vector profile
TWA Time-weighted average
Twp. Township

Return to Index

U Unclassified
UA Urbanized area
UAM United Aerial Mapping; Urban Airshed Model (USEPA)
UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
UAS Urban Area Studies
UC Univ. of California
UCAID Univ. Corp. for Advanced Internet Development
UCB Univ. of California, Berkeley
UCD Univ. of California, Davis
UCDL University of California Digital Library
UCGIS Univ. Consortium for GIS
UCLGES Unified Cartographic Line Graph Encoding System
UCPTE Union for the Coordination of the Production and Transport of Electric Power
UCS Uniform Color Space
UCSB Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
UDA User data area
UDB Universal Data Base
UDC Universal Decimal Classification
UDF Universal Data Format
UDNR Utah Dept. of Natural Resources
UDOGM Utah Division of Oil, Gas and Mining
UDP User Datagram Protocol
UDS Urban Data Solutions
UDSL Utah Division of State Lands
UDWR Utah Division of Water Resources
UE Useful elevation
UGB Urban growth boundary
UGC Utility Graphics Consultants
UGID Universal Geographic Identity
UGMS Utah Geological and Mineral Survey
UGSMD Uganda Geological Survey and Mines Dept.
UHF Ultra-high frequency
UHMS Urban Hydrology Monitoring System
UID User identification
UK United Kingdom
UKMO United Kingdom Meteorological Office
ULCC Utility Location and Coordination Council
ULSD Uganda Dept. of Lands and Surveys
UN United Nations
UNAM Universidad Nacional de Mexico
UNCLA Unclassified
UNDP United Nations Development Program
UNECA United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
UNEP United Nations Environment Program
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNGEGN United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names
UNIMACE Universal Automated Mapping Compilation Equipment
Univ. University
UNR Univ. of Nevada, Reno
UP Urban planning
UPADI Union Panamerica de Asociaciones de Ingenieros
UPC Universal Product Code
UPPS Universal Projection Plotting System
UPRN Unique Property Reference Number
UPS Universal polar stereographic
UR Universal Rectifier
U/R Urban/rural
URISA Urban and Regional Information Systems Assn.
URUID Unrectified image data
URL Universal Resource Locator; Uniform Resource Locator
URPI Unit for Retail Planning Information Ltd.
URS Unrestricted random sample
U.S. United States of America
USA United States of America; United States Army
USACERL U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories
USAETL United States Army Engineer Topographic Laboratories
USAF United States Air Force
USARP United States Antarctic Research Program
USB Unified S-Band
USBC United States Bureau of the Census
USC Unified soil classification
USC&GS United States Coast and Geodetic Survey
USCE United States Army Corps of Engineers
USCG United States Coast Guard
USCS United States Customary System
USD Univ. of South Dakota
USDA United States Dept. of Agriculture
USDC United States Dept. of Commerce
USDI United States Dept. of the Interior
USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency
USDMA United States Defense Mapping Agency
USFS United States Forest Service
USFWS United States Fish and Wildlife Service
USGCRP U.S. Global Change Research Program
USGK Utstredni Sprava Geodezie a Kartografie (Czechoslovakia)
USGPO United States Government Printing Office
USGS United States Geological Survey
USGS-MP United States Geological Survey, Menlo Park
USLS United States Lake Survey
USMC United States Marine Corps
USNBS United States National Biological Survey
USN United States Navy
USNCHC United States National Committee on Scientific Hydrology
USNC-ICA United States National Committee for the ICA
USNO United States Naval Observatory
USNOS United States National Ocean Service (or Survey)
USPLSS U.S. Public Land Survey System
USPS United States Postal Service
USR Universal Space Rectangular (coordinate system)
USSCS United States Soil Conservation Service
UST Underground storage tank
UT Unit terminator; Universal Time; Unorganized territory; Utah
UTC Universal Time Coordinated; Urban Traffic Control System (Siemans)
UTM Universal transverse Mercator
UUG Utstredni Ustav Geologicky
UURI Univ. of Utah Research Inst.
UV Ultraviolet; Unit value
UW Univ. of Washington
UWM Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison
UVMap Urban VMap
UWCL Univ. of Wisconsin Cartography Laboratory (Madison)
U-2 A high altitude remote sensing aircraft

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V Volt
VA Visual accumulation
VABM Vertical angle elevation bench mark
VACP Virtual active control point
VARIS Virginia Resources Information System
VAS Virginia Assn. of Surveyors
VBA Visual Basic for Applications
Vbf Verschriebebahnhof
VCGI Vermont Center for Geographic Information
VCR Video cassette recorder
VDMR Virginia Div. of Mineral Resources
VDOT Virginia Dept. of Transportation
VDSL Very-high speed Digital Subscriber Line
VDT Video display terminal
VDU Video display unit
VEN'D Brick veneered building
VFC Vector Function Chainer
VFR Visual Flight Rules; Vector Relational Format
VGA Video Graphics Array; Video Graphics Adaptor
VGS Vermont Geological Survey
V/H Vertical over height ratio
VHF Very high frequency
VHRR Very high resolution radiometer
VICAR Video Information Communication and Retrieval (JPL software)
VICMAP Victoria Dept. of Crown Lands and Survey
VIMSARS Video image map storage and retrieval system
ViSC Visualization in Scientific Computing
VISG Visual Information Services Group
VISION Visual Information System Integrating our Neighborhoods (Columbus, Ohio)
VITD VPF Interim Terrain Data
VITec Visual Information Technologies Inc.
VLBI Very long baseline interferometric (or interferometry)
VLC Volcano
VLSI Very large scale integration
VMap Vector Smart Map
VMS Voyage Management Sytem
VNP Voyageurs National Park
Vobf Vorbahnhof
VOC Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie
V.P. Vertical pipe or stand pipe
VP Vector program
VPASS Video Processor and Sync Separator
VPF Vector Product Format
VPF/PS Vector Product Format/Production System
VRML Virtual Reality Mock-up (or Mark-up or Modeling) Language
VRP Vector-to-raster processor
VSEGEI Vsesoiuznnoi Nauchno-Issledovatel'skii Geologicheskii Institut (USSR)
VSLS Vermont Society of Land Surveyors
VTD Voting district
VTIR Visible and Thermal Infrared Radiometer
VTR Video tape recording
VTRAK Vector-to-raster conversion software
VVK Verwaltung Vermessungs und Kartenwesen

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w westlich
W Westen
WA Washington (State)
WAAS Wide area augmentation system (or sites)
WAC World Aeronautical Chart
WACMA Western Australia Central Map Agency
WADGPS Wide Area Differential GPS
WADM Dept. of Mines Western Australia
WAGAP Washington Gap Analysis Program
WAIS Wide-area Information Server (or Service or System); Western Antarctic Ice Sheet
WALIS Western Australian Land Information System
WAML Western Assn. of Map Libraries
WAML IB Western Assn. of Map Libraries Information Bulletin
WAN Wide area network
WAT Weighted-average toxicity
WB World Bank
WBVTR Wide-band video tape recorder
WCB Workshop Certification Board (ACSM)
WCCS Washington Council of County Surveyors
WCMC World Conservation Monitoring Center
WCRP World Climate Research Program
WCS World Construction Set (Questar Productions)
WDBII World Data Base II
WDDES World Digital Database for Environmental Science (ICA/IGU)
WDG Washington Dept. of Game
WDGER Washington Div. of Geology and Earth Resources
Wdlg. Widerlager
W.D.M.C. War Dept. Map Collection (U.S.)
WDMS Watershed Data Management System
WDNR Washington Dept. of Natural Resources
WDOE Washington Dept. of Ecology
WEF Water Environment Federation
WELU Western Energy Land Use Team
WET Wetland Evaluation Technique
WFPLS Western Federation of Professional Land Surveyors
WFPS Western Federation of Professional Surveyors
W.G. Wired glass skylight
WGMG Working Group on Map Generalization (ICA)
WGNHS Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey
WGS World Geodetic System; World Geodetic Survey
WGS 84 World Geodetic System of 1984
W.H. Wirtshaus = public house, inn
WIC Westindische Compagnie
WIMS Weather Information Management System
WIS Watershed Information System
WISCLAND Wisconsin Initiative for Statewide Cooperation on Landscape Analysis and Data
WISE Women Investigating Sciences and Environment (Univ. of Nebraska)
WLIA Wisconsin Land Information Society
WLS Weighted least squares
WLU World Land-use Survey
WMATA Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
WMC Western Mapping Center (USGS)
WMD Water management district
.WMF Windows Metafile Format
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WMS Washington (D.C.) Map Society; Work Management System; World Mapping System; World Market Strategies Ltd.
WNRO GPS Week Number Roll Over
WNS West northwest
WO Welsh Office
WOM Web Object Management
WORM Write Once, Read Many
WP Word processor
WPCF Water Pollution Control Federation
.WPG WordPerfect Graphic format
WPU Wilayah Pembangunan Utama
WQM Water quality monitor
WR Water Resources; Western Region
WRAP Western Regional Applications Program (NASA)
WRCB Water Resources Control Board
WRD Water Resources Div. (USGS); Water Resources Dept.
WRI Water Resources Investigation
WRIDS Wildland Resources Information Display System
WRIR Water Resources Investigation Report
WRIS Wildland Resources Information System
WRRI Water Resources Research Inst.
WRS World Reference System (Landsat)
WRSIC Water Resources Scientific Information Center
WS Work station
WSC Water Survey of Canada
WSLD Western Samoa Lands and Survey Dept.
WSLS Wisconsin Society of Land Surveyors
WSM Widener Surveying and Mapping (Firm)
WSP Water-supply Paper
WSPS Western Society of Professional Surveyors
WSU Washington State Univ.
WSUCSC Washington State Univ. Computing Service Center
WSW West southwest
W.T. Water tank; Washington Territory
WTCD Deltaic watercourse
WTUSM Wuhan Technical University of Surveying and Mapping
WVALS West Virginia Assn. of Land Surveyors
WVGES West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey
WVS World Vector Shoreline (USDMA)
WVSPLUS World Vector Shoreline Plus
WWW World Wide Web
WY Wyoming
WYSDOT Washington State Dept. of Transportation
WYSIWYG What you see is what you get

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XML eXtensible Markup Language
XWD X-Window screen dump
Y2K Year 2000 (problem)
Z., A. Alexander Zakreski
ZGI Zentrales Geologisches Institut (German Democratic Republic)
ZGS Zambia Geological Survey Dept.
ZLI Zia Landform Images
ZPS ZEH plotting software
ZRC Znanstvenoraziskovalni Center (Slovenske Akademije Znanosti in Umetnosti)
ZS Zambia Survey Dept.
ZTS Zoom Transfer Scope

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