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The Christian doctrine of the Trinity teaches the unity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as three persons in one Godhead.
The concept of the Trinity was dropped during the 18th century enlightenment.
The most common Biblical references for the concept of a trinity are from Christ's "great commission" to the disciples in
Matthew 28:19, 'Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,'
and from Paul's letters. In Ephesians 2:18 he says 'For through Him (Christ) we both (Jew and Gentile) have access to the Father by one Spirit'.
It is generally accepted that it was established at the First Council of Nicaea with the Nicean Creed which in part states "We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one Being with the Father."
There are a number of legends about the First Council of Nicaea (325AD) in circulation on the internet. One is there were votes on the trinity and other concepts. See The Council of Nicaea (Nicea) and the Bible which tries to get to the truth.
Augustine of Hippo (354-430):
A Spanish physician, Michael Servetus, studied the Bible and concluded that the concept of the Trinity, as traditionally conceived, was not biblical. His books On the Errors of the Trinity and Christianismi Restitutio caused much uproar. Servetus was eventually arrested, convicted of heresy, and burned at the stake in Geneva in 1553 under the order of John Calvin. Source: Michael Servetus Burned for Heresy - 1501-1600 Church History Timeline
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