Islam was founded by the prophet Muhammad ibn Abdullah (Muhammad son of Abdullah)
. He was born about 571 in Arabian city of Mecca and died in 632 at the age of 61.
The word of God was revealed to him through the angel Jibril (Gabriel), starting at the age of 40.

He was orphaned at an early age and brought up under in the desert the care of his uncle Abu Talib, the new leader of the Banu Hashim clan of the Quraysh Tribe. He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd.

As a camel driver on the trade routes between Syria and Arabia. Muhammad (pbuh) he met people of different religious beliefs and was able to observe and learn about Judaism, Christianity and the indigenous Pagan religions. Islamic tradition states that when Muhammad was either nine or twelve while accompanying the Meccans' caravan to Syria, he met a Christian monk or hermit named Bahira who is said to have foreseen Muhammad's career as a prophet of God.

Discontented with life in Mecca, in 610 AD he retreated to a cave in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection. According to Islamic beliefs it was here, at age 40, in the month of Ramadan, where he received his first revelation from God. Three years after this event Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly. He condemned idol worship and the polytheism practiced by the Meccan forefathers.

He moved to Medina after persecution in Mecca and united conflicting tripes. After 8 years of fighting he conquered Mecca and moved back.

Muhammad is often said to be descended from Abraham's son Ishmael, but that is questionable. See Muhammad's lineage.

|A Ranking Of The Most Influential Persons In History, he is listed as number 1. See

Islam - Muhammad: Legacy of a Prophet (PBS) - Video Dailymotion

About Muhammad at ReligiousTolerance
Muhammad's lineage

last updated 14 April 2016