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The Himalayas include over a hundred mountains exceeding 7,200 metres (23,600 ft) in height. By contrast, the highest peak outside Asia--Aconcagua, in the Andes-- is 6,961 metres (22,838 ft) tall.
According to the modern theory of plate tectonics, their formation is a result of a continental collision or orogeny along the convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and the Eurasian Plate abut 50 million years ago. So the Himalayas are among the youngest mountain ranges on the planet.
Central Himalayas
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Mountain m. ft. Country
Everest 8,848 29,035 Nepal/China
Lhotse 8,516 27,941 Nepal/China
Makalu 8,463 27,767Nepal/China
Cho Oyu 8,153 26,750Nepal
Kangchenjunga 8,586 28,171 Nepal/India
Lönpo Gang 6,979 22,898 
Ganesh Himal 7,429 24,375Nepal/China
Annapurna 8,091 26,547Nepal
K2 8,612 28,253Pakistan/China
City Elevation (ft) Population
Lhasa, Tibet 11,900' 500,000
Shigatse, Tibet 12,660' 63,000
Tingri, Tibet 14,400'523
Kathmandu, Nepal 4,500' 975,453
Lukla, Nepal 9,383' 230
Pokhara, Nepal 5,710' 264,991
Source: Peakware World Mountain Encyclopedia

Mt Everest
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Himalayas - Wikipedia

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last updated 21 Aug 2002