Also known as T.R., and to the public (but never to friends and intimates) as Teddy.|
An avid writer, his 35 books include works on outdoor life, natural history, the American frontier, political history, naval history, and his autobiography.
He was both a hunter and conservationist. Sometimes better know for his hunting (including a Buffalo hunt in N Dakota), he passed the Park Protection Act, widely credited with saving the wildlife of Yellowstone from total destruction from poachers, and reintroducing buffalo in the park to keep them from going extinct. He was, as naturalist John Burroughts saw, "As far removed from the game butcher as day is from night."
Roosevelt's signing of The Newlands Act in 1902 placed the federal government in an activist role in water management and reclamation. He created the US Forest Service in 1905.
According to Brinkley1:
On the trip with Roosevelt, Muir told him about how California was exploiting the park's resources (allowing logging, livestock, etc.), which led to Roosevelt's signing a bill in 1906 to take control of Yosemite Valley (along with the Mariposa grove of giant sequoia) out of the hands of the state and into the hands of the federal government.
Roosevelt also used the 1906 Antiquities Act to extend federal control over the West's scenic wonders. Although the law had been enacted to protect Native American artifacts and relics, which were being systematically looted from archeological sites, Roosevelt expanded its use to preserve historic landmarks.
Roosevelt created 150 national forests, 18 national monuments (Two of which, Washington's Olympic and the Grand Canyon became national parks), 5 other national parks and 51 wildlife refuges.
In his 1916 book, "A Book-Lover's Holidays in the Open", he castigates those "short-sighted men who in their greed and selfishness will, if permitted, rob our country of half its charm by their reckless extermination of all useful and beautiful wild things". He goes on to say, "Our duty to the whole, including the unborn generations, bids us restrain an unprincipled present-day minority from wasting the heritage of these unborn generations. The movement for the conservation of wild life and the larger movement for the conservation of all our natural resources are essentially democratic in spirit, purpose, and method."
His mother, Mittie Bulloch, was a Southern belle from a slave-owning family in Roswell, Georgia. She had Ulster Scots ancestors who emigrated from Glenoe, County Antrim, in May 1729.
The Winning of the West, (4 Volsumes) by Theodore Roosevelt, 1889-1896
"A Book-Lover's Holidays in the Open", Theodore Roosevelt, 1916
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