|Don's Home Home & Garden Tools Dealing with Rust Contact|
Grind, Sand, Sandblast or Scour Off the Rust.
Or use chemicals to remove it or convert it to an inert form.
See: A rust converter versus rust remover.
Rust converters are a water-based chemical solution which contains two main active ingredients. These differ between products available commercially containing either phosphoric acid or tannic acid, or a combination of both. The other ingredient added is an organic polymer, which serves to provide a protective primer layer to the substrate it is applied to. Phosphoric acid converts iron oxide (rust) into an inert layer of iron phosphate, which is black in colour. This inert layer then acts as a barrier layer or protective coating.
You should still put a rustproofing coat on.
Rust-oleum Rust Reformer.
Loctite Naval Jelly (phosphoric acid)
Or Dinitrol RC 900
The key benefit of Dinitrol RC 900 rust converter is that it penetrates rust 7 to 10 times deeper than standard rust converters. RC900 contains a complex organic chelat base and epoxy resin to actively convert the rust and is free of lead, zinc and chromium.
If you're looking to resurface metal and require that the end result be exposed rust-free bare metal, then a rust remover is better suited for the task.
Rust removal products contain oxalic acid or other corrosive and hazardous chemicals as the main ingredient. Sanding away as much of the rust as possible is advisable before the rust remover is applied. Surface preparation is key and a rust remover is applied to be absolutely sure that all traces of rust are removed before applying a rust proofing underbody or cavity wax.
It may require submersion of the part.
The rust removal can be pretty time consuming as the acid takes a while to be eaten away. There are a few on the market that claim to be non-toxic so be sure to look for those.
This is a universal "paint over rust" base coat that seals in rust and stops it from spreading. It flows into hard-to-reach areas, penetrates deep into the rust, and fills in pinholes and surface imperfections. It can be applied to any surface, even partially rusted ones. It is the last step in the rust neutralization/removal work before starting with primer, paint, and the rest of the finishing process.
See: Key Differences - Rust converter versus rust remover | REJEL
Rust converter versus rust remover What's the Difference | azrust
See Removing Rusted Bolts
|Hazardous Component(s)||CAS Number||Percentage*|
|Phosphoric acid||7664-38-2||10 - 30|
|2-Propanol||67-63-0||1 - 5|
|Xanthan gum||11138-66-2||1 - 5|
|Sulfuric acid||7664-93-9||0.1 - 1|
|Silica, amorphous, fumed, crystal-free||112945-52-5||0.1 - 1|
|Diiron trioxide||1309-37-1||0.1 - 1|
|Magnesium oxide||1309-48-4||0.1 - 1|
|Aluminium oxide||1344-28-1||0.1 - 1|
|Alcohols,||C11-14-iso-, C13 rich, EO~ 78330-21-9||0.1 - 1|
|Chemical Name||CAS-No.||Wt.%||GHS Symbols||GHS Statements|
|Hydrous Magnesium Silicate||14807-96-6||2.5-10||Not Available||Not Available|
|Xylenes (o-, m-, p- Isomers)||1330-20-7||2.5-10||GHS02-GHS07||H226-315-319-332|
|Hydrotreated Light Distillate||64742-47-8||1.0-2.5||GHS08 H304|
|Carbon Black||1333-86-4||0.1-1.0||Not Available||Not Available|
|Naphtha (Petroleum), Heavy Aromatic||64742-94-5||0.1-1.0||GHS07-GHS08||H304-332|
|Solvent Naphtha,Light Aromatic||64742-95-6||0.1-1.0||GHS07-GHS08||H304-332|
|Zinc Phosphate||7779-90-0||0.1-1.0||Not Available||Not Available|
|Sulfonic Acids, petroleum, calcium salts, overbased||68783-96-0||0.1-1.0||GHS06 H330|
|Zinc Oxide||1314-13-2||0.1-1.0||Not Available||Not Available|
|Methyl Ethyl Ketoxime||96-29-7||0.1-1.0||GHS05-GHS07-GHS08||H302-312-315-317-318-331-336-350-370-373|