TechWeb Technology Encyclopedia
Reference (Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Area Codes, ..)
Computer and Communications Standards
SANS Glossary of Terms Used in Security and Intrusion Detection
Security Terms at SANS
Acronyms and Dictionary at telecomcareers.net/
The Ultimate Computer Acronyms Archive (pdf)
Glossary of Satellite TV Terms and Definitions
The Hackers Acronym Chart at the International Information Retrieval Guild.
Glossaries, Acronyms and Terms
Version 0.1 (just starting to pull together several old glossaries)
SDLC - Software Development Lifecycle
SOX - Sarbanes-Oxley
The Act has established a new paradigm for corporate responsibility and behavior
Section 302 (effective now) CEO/CFO certified to the integrity of the Frinancial
HIPAA - Health Information Portability and Accountability Act
Move the Health Care Industry into the Digital Age
3 Major Components-Privacy Rule, Security Rule & Transaction Code Set
Assures the security of Personal Health Information (PHI) and the establishment
of an electronic payment system for Health Care Coverage
GLB - Gramm Leach Bliley -
Act applies to financial institutions, their service providers and affiliates
Focus on Protecting PII in the Financial Industry
PII - personally identifiable information
CA - Certification Authority
CAPI - Crypto API
CC - Country Code
CC - Cuntry Code for Cocos (Keeling) Islands opened for public use
CC - Common Criteria
a grammarfor describing Information Technology (IT) system security.
CC - Creataive Commons
A non-profit organization providing an environment where licenses are easy to create, easy to
link to content. Unlike the GNU GPL, Creative Commons licenses are not designed
for software, but rather for other kinds of creative works.
CC - Credit Card
CC - Content of Communication
CC - Control Channel
CC - Call Control
CCA - Cardholder Certification Authority
CIFS - Common Internet File System - The file sharing protocol used in Windows.
It evolved out of SMB. Submitted to the internet for standart by Microsoft but never accepted.
CLEI - Common Language Equipment Identifier
Used to identify circuit cards and other equipment in the global telecommunications network.
CMS - Cryptographic Message Syntax
CSP - Certification service provider
DAC - Discressonary Access Controldo.txt
DCE - Distributed Computing Environment
DES - Data Encryption Standard
DES is a very old algorithm so there are some different implementations today.
DFS - Distributed File System
DSCP - Differentiated Services Code Point - Quality of Service (QoS) configurations
DSIG - Digital Signature Namespace (proposed)
EAL - Evaluation assurance level
Fortezza Initiative -
Government security PCMCIA card using PKI security keys for secure e-mail
in the Defense Message System (DMS).
FQDN - Fully Qualified Domain Name
FRAD - Frame Relay Assembler Disambeler
GSS - Generic Security Service
GUID- Globally Unique IDentifier
A pseudo-random 128-bit number that is computed by Windows in order to identify
any component in the computer that requires a unique number.
IPsec - IP Security
IP-STB - IP Set Top Box
IRIS - Infrastructure for Resilient Internet Systems
ISS Internet Security Systems
LDAP - Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LSA - Local Security Agent image_aspect_ratio.html
MAC - Media Access Control
MAC - Mandatory Access Control
Mandatory Access Control controls is where the system controls access to resources
based on classification levels assigned to both the objects and the users.
These controls cannot be changed by anyone.
MAC - A Message Authentication Code
A function that takes a variable length input and a key to produce a fixed-length output.
NCSC - National Computer Security Centersk-top
NID - network interface device
the interface between the local loop connection to a DSLAM in an ADSL connection.
NID - Network Identifier
NID - Namespace Identifier Code used in URN's.
E.g. DSIG, PIN, GUID, FQDN, IANA, UUID, CLEI
URN Namespace IDs are registered at IANA
See also Digital Rights Management for Research and Education and RFC 3406.
NID - Network Intrusion Detector
NID - National ID
NSDD 145 - National Security Decision Directivecd
NSS - Namespace Specific String
OASIS - Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
PAC - Principal Attribute Certificate
PAP - Password Authentication Protocol
PEM - Privacy Enhanced Mail
RFC 989  issued in 1987
PGP - Pretty Good Privacy
PIC - Pegasus Imaging Corporation
PIN - Personal Internet Name
A Verisign mantained namespace for people and organizations
PKCS - Public-Key Cryptography Standards
PKI - Public Key Infrastructure
PKIX: Public-Key Infrastructure X.509 Group
PMing - Private Messageing - Sending a message to an individual rather than a group
Public-Key Infrastructure X.509 group (PKIX) is an IETF working group that is specifying an
architecture and set of protocols needed to support an X.509-based PKI for the Internet.
RAS - Remote Access Services
S/MIME - Secure MIME
SAM - Security Account Manager
SET - Secure Electronic Transactions
SID - Security ID
SIM Security Information Management
SMB - Server Message Block file sharing protocol protocol in DOS (NetBIOS).
SSCD - Secure signature creation device
SSID - Service Set Identifier - An network identifier. Identifier attached to packets sent over
the wireless LAN that is used for joining a particular
radio network (BSS). May or may not be broadcast so new devices can find a network.
SSL - Secure Socket Layer
URN - Uniform Resource Name
A persistent, location-independent, resource identifier.
UUID - Universally Unique IDentifier
WEP - Wired Equivalent Privacy - Generates secret shared encryption keys
that both source and destination stations can use to alter frame bits to
avoid disclosure to eavesdroppers.
VOD - Video on Demand
WOT - Web of Trust
last updated 8 Feb 2006