Boat Types:
               
Dinghies are small sloops, generally 15 ft. (4.7 m) or less.

See Basic Sailing: Boat Types, Elizabeth Fox
mainsail, jib, foresail, topsail, gaff spinnaker
      Gaff rigged sloop                 Spinnaker for downwind reaches
  genoa sail

halyard, outhaul   jib-sheets
See Sailboat Rigging Types and Keel Types

The mainsheet is the line connecting the boom to the boat which controles the angle of the sail.
mainsheet mainsheet   mainsheet traveler
See:
APS - Mainsheet Systems
Mainsheet Traveler General Forum Forums | Downeaster Yachts.com

See:
Sailboat Nomenclature - wikiHow
reach, quadrant, sailing, wind direction, running, close hauled


Olympic sailing:
Events:
470 - Two Person Dinghy
49er - Skiff
Finn - One Person Dinghy (Heavyweight) men
Laser - One Person Dinghy men
RS:X - Windsurfer men
Star - Keelboat
olympic sailing classes
See Sailing | olympic.org
America's Cup
Match races between two sailing yachts. One yacht, known as the defender, represents the yacht club that currently holds the America's Cup and the second yacht, known as the challenger, represents the yacht club that is challenging for the cup. The timing of each match is determined by an agreement between the defender and the challenger. The America's Cup is the oldest international sporting trophy.

america-1851 volunteer-1887 courageous-1977 black-magic-1995 orcle-team-usa-2013
More

Terms:
Abeam - BOA - breadth overall (of the ship) Bermuda Rigged - Triangular main sail.
Cat rigged - One triangular main sail. No jib.
Jibe - Turning your stern through the wind when reaching downwind, so the wind direction changes from one side of the boat to the other. Mark - Buoy marking a turning point in a race course
Mark-Room - Room required in rules for a boat to negotiate a turn around a mark.
Overlap - When the foremost point of one boat crosses a line abeam the aftermost point of another
LOA - Length Overall
LWL - Waterline Length
Tack - Turn the bow of the boat through the wind so the wind exerts pressure on the opposite side of the sail.

Basic Sailing: Sailing Terms
Glossary at SailingLinks.com
Nomenclature of Naval Vessels
Sailboat Nomenclature - wikiHow

Links:
America's Cup
RACING BASICS - Beginner's Racing Manual
Basic Sailing: Boat Types
Sailing Basics
Sailboat Rigging Types and Keel Types
The New Twist on Mark-Room in the 2013 Racing Rules of Sailing | Sailing World
Rules: Overlapped or Not | Sailing World f

last updated 7 July 2014