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Urban Legends and E-mail Hoaxes at:
Snopes urban ledgends:
  Politics: (Soapbox, Religion, War/Anti-War,
        Business, ...)
  Medical (Toxins, Disease, ...)
  Computers: (Viruses, Internet)
  Religion, Science, Food, ...
  ... Search hoaxes and links to other Hoax sites
Online Fraud, Hoaxes, ...

Fraud Scams
Online viruses, Fraud, Hoaxes, ...
Identity Theft
Look up suspicious 866 phone numbers
Dietary Supplements
Avoiding Scams and Fraud at Craig's List
Internet Scams, Identity Theft, and Urban Legends at
Where to Report Fraud:
See Fraud reporting page
If you see a link to a suspicious web site do a google search on it with scam or fraud.
e.g. search for (fraud OR scam OR blacklist) where xxx is the site url.


Malware is a hybrid of the phrase " malicious software ". Malware is an all encompassing catch-all term to describe any program whose function is at least partially malicious. Spyware and Adware are types of malware. Malware also includes viruses, worms and trojans.
Spyware - Adware
Spyware represents a wide range of software ranging from the relatively harmless to the highly dangerous. It does not self replicate like worms or viruses but can be equally destructive if not more so.

In it's least malicious form spyware is used as a marketing tool by looking at what banner ads you look at or your web surfing habits in order to target you with specific pop-up ads.

At its most destructive and dangerous, spyware can perform real-time tracking and recording from a remote location of all the keyboard presses made on an unsuspecting user's computer - including the recording of private and personal information such as usernames, passwords and bank account details.
See: Virus - Security Page in Technology in technology

Fake Check Scams
Consumers paid with phony checks for work or items sold, instructed to wire money back. See:
Overpayment scam
Payment Scams
Nigerian Money Offers (419 scams)
False promises of riches if consumers pay to transfer money to their bank accounts. 419 refers to the part of the Nigerian criminal code covering this.
Pfishing (Phishing)
A term denoting "spoofed" emails and fraudulent Websites that look like they are legitimate banks (e.g. PayPal, Bank of America), designed to fool recipients into divulging personal financial data such as credit card numbers, account usernames and passwords, social security numbers, etc. By hijacking the trusted brands of well-known banks, online retailers and credit card companies, phishers are able to convince up to 5% of recipients to respond to them.
Microsoft Tech Support
You get a call from a guy with an Indian accent claiming to be from Microsoft Windows Tech support alerting you that they have detected some problems with your computer, someone trying to hack into your email or other problems.
See Microsoft Tech Support scam
See: Most Common Fraud & Scams
Online fraud, scams, hoaxes, email chain letters & Urban Myths/Legends in Web info
Fraud reporting page : Spot a scam, report a scam, prevent a scam
SCAMORAMA Hundreds of scams from start to finish. Also news, commentary, and links.

Tips on Finding good legal help on the Web

last updated 11 Aug 2007