|Don's Home Science Astronomy Universe Constellations Orion|
Orion is perhaps the most famous of the 88 constellations in the night sky. It's likely the easiest to find for stargazers all over the world.
It is easily recognizable by his bright belt of three stars. In addition, his shoulder is marked by the red supergiant Betelgeuse (literally "armpit of the central one" in Arabic), and his left leg is marked by the blue-white supergiant Rigel.
It is on the celestial equator between Gemini and Taurus.
It is best seen between latitudes 85 and -75 degrees. Its right ascension is 5 hours, and its declination is 5 degrees.
In the first version, he was the son of the sea-god Poseidon (Neptune) and Queen Euryale of the Amazons. He inherited his mother's hunting talent and became an excellent hunter. Unfortunately, his ego was to be his undoing. In response to his boast that he could kill any animal in the world, he was killed by a scorpion.
In the second version, he was first blinded by King Oenopian2 and then killed by Diana who was the 'virgin' goddess of hunting. She fell in love with Orion but her brother, Apollo, did not like this. One day, observing Orion wading through the ocean with his head just above the water, Apollo pointed it out to his sister and maintained that she could not hit that black thing on the sea. The archer-goddess discharged a shaft with fatal aim. The waves rolled the body of Orion to the land, and bewailing her fatal error with many tears, Diana placed him among the stars (Bulfinch's Mythology, 191-192).
There is a third version which is a combination of the two.
The Babylonian star catalogues of the Late Bronze Age (800 BC) name Orion "The Heavenly Shepherd" or "True Shepherd of Anu" - Anu being the chief god of the heavenly realms.
The Bible mentions Orion three times, naming it "Kesil". Job 9:9 ("He is the maker of the Bear and Orion"), Job 38:31-33 ("Can you loosen Orion`s belt?"), and Amos 5:8 ("He who made the Pleiades and Orion")
Archeologists show Orion connections in ancient structures:
According to ancients there are two "gates of heaven", where the sun crosses the Milky. One is The intersection between Scorpio and Sagittarius,were ophiuchus is located is known as the "Gate of the Gods". The galactic center lies visually from our solar system along a line One is in Gemini over the hand of Orion, the "Gate of Man", where the sun crosses in the summer solstice.. Thus Orion is correctly shown holding in his hand what we might call a 'stargate'.
Some objects associated with Orion include,
Ancient Aliens Orion, more than a constellation (ancient-code.com)
Global Orion Links: A Celestial Plan? (redicecreations.com)