The Lord saw how great the wickedness of the human race had become on the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time. The Lord regretted that he had made human beings on the earth, and his heart was deeply troubled. So the Lord said, "I will wipe from the face of the earth the human race I have created--and with them the animals, the birds and the creatures that move along the ground--for I regret that I have made them." But Noah found favor in the eyes of the Lord.
Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked faithfully with God. So God told Noah to make an Ark and told him, "You are to bring into the ark two of all living creatures, male and female, to keep them alive with you."
As they move east, they start to build a city with a tower in Shinar. The LORD is worried if they stick together with the same language nothing will be impossible for them. So, he confuses their language so they can't understand each other and scatters them across the earth.
Abraham (Abram) sets out from Ur to go to Canaan but stops at Haran
Jacob journeys east and meets his Uncle, Laban. He helps Laban and is promised Laban's daughter Rachel (the younger more beautiful one), but Laban gives him Leah. Then he gave her Rachel. He has sons with Leah, but Rachel was baren. Rachel gave Jacob her servant Bilhah as a wife and he had children with her. Finally Rachel was able to conceive and had a son, Joseph.
Jacob has 12 sons who become the fathers of the 12 Aramean tribes.
Jacob lived in an area which later became Samaria (See reference to Jacob's well at Sychar near Shechem in Samaria in the story of Jesus meeting the samaritan woman [John 4])
When Joseph was 17 years old his older brothers saw that Jacob loved Joseph more than them, so they conspired to kill him but instead threw him into an empty cistern.
At that time a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead to Egypt came by and they sold Joseph to them.
The Ishmaelites sell Joseph to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh.
Joseph gains favor with his master and is made overseer in his house and over all that he had.
Egyptian Slavery begins Then a new king, to whom Joseph meant nothing, came to power in Egypt. "Look," he said to his people, "the Israelites have become far too numerous for us. Come, we must deal shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country."
Pharaoh feared the Israelites were becoming too numerous and if war breaks out, they will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country.
He gave this order to all his people: "Every Hebrew boy that is born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live." Exodus 1
Moses mother hid him for 3 months after he was born then got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch. Then she placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile.
Then Pharaoh's daughter went down to the Nile to bathe, and found Moses and adopted him.
After Moses had grown up he saw the Egyptians beating the Hebrews and killed one of the Egyptians. Moses had to flee from pharaoh and went to live in Midian.
While Moses was tending sheep near Horeb, the mountain of God he saw a burning bush.
The LORD came down and told Moses go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt."
But Moses said to God, "Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?" And God said, "I will be with you. And this will be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you. Exodus 3
God brings plagues on Egypt to convince Pharaoh to let the Israelites go.
1. Water into blood, 2. Frogs, 3. Lice, 4. Wild animals or flies, 5. Deceased livestock, 6. Boils, 7. Storms of fire, 8. Locusts, 9. Darkness, 10. Death of firstborn.
Before the tenth plague the Lord tells the Israelites to slaughter a lamb and put some of the blood on the sides and tops of the doorframes so their houses would passed over and their firstborns would be spared. This is the origin of the Passover celebration.
Canaan, Judea, Israel, Syria (of the Persian Empire) and Palestine are different names for overlapping territories which included Jerusalem and Samaria. The names changed depending on the rulers at the time. See maps
Judges rule Israel
Deborah defeats Canaan
Samson becomes Judge
Israel United under Saul and David
David the king Begins rule
Solomon's Temple Founded
Israel splits into 1. S. Kingdom, Judah, Jerusalem 2. N. Kingdom, Israel, Samaria
Judea & Israel
Jonah becomes a prophet
N. Kingdom Falls to Assyria
Daniel taken captive to Babylon
S. Kingdom (Judah) falls to Babylon. Solomn's Temple Destroyed