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Population and Growth | Sources of Growth | Immigration (Illegal) | Ethnic Mix | Age | Marital Status
 
New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Areas (CSA)

Growth
Year Pop
(1,000)
Annualized
Growth
Birth Rate Fer-
tility Rate
Mar-
riage Rate
% Foreign born
1650 52
1700 221 2.9%
1750 1,200 3.4%
1800 5,308 3.0% 55 7.0
1850 23,192 3.0% 43 5.4 9.7
1900 76,212 2.4% 30 3.6 14.6
1950 151,326 1.4% 24.1 3.0 11.1 6.9
1960 179,300 1.7% 23.7 3.5 8.5
1970 203,300 1.3% 18.4 2.4 10.6 4.7
1980 226,500 1.1% 15.9 1.8 10.6 6.2
1990 248,700 0.9% 16.7 2.1 9.8 7.9
2000 281,422 1.2% 14.4 2.1 8.7 11.1
Nov 2007 303,358 1.0%
- Birth and marriage rates are per 1,000 population. - Fertility rate is Total Fertility Rate (TFR) the average number of babies born to women during their reproductive years. There is also a general fertility rate (births per year per 1,000 women aged 15-44, which is about 64. See explanation at Pennsylvania Department of Health.
- Census data is usually as of April 1.
- Part of change in rates is due to the decrease in population in the 15 to 40 age bracket from 40.1% in 1990 to 36.2% in 2000. see
age table below.
Current estimate at the Census Bureau.
Birth Rates Source: InfoPlease

Sources of Growth:


Stat 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Census Bureau Data a/o Mar. 2004
Fertility Rate:1 2.08 2.06 2.03 2.01
Crude Birth Rate:2 16.7 14.4 14.1 13.9
Crude Death Rate: 9.4 8.7 8.5
CIA World Factbook historical data reported at: indexMundi
(Rates = Num. per 1,000)
Fertility Rate: 2.06 2.06 2.07 2.07 2.07
Crude Birth Rate: 14.2 14.2 14.1 14.14 14.13
Crude Death Rate: 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.44 8.34
Net Gain (Birth-Deaths) 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.7 5.79
Immigration Rate (Legal) 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.53 3.41
   (Illegal - net gain) 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Pop Growth % 0.91 0.9% 0.89% 0.92% 0.92%
Life expectancy: 76.2 77.12 77.26 77.4 77.14 77.43
1. Total Fertility Rate (TFR) - Average number of babies born to women during their reproductive years. A TFR of 2.1 is considered the replacement rate.
2. Birth/Death Rates = Num. per 1,000 total population U.S. fertility is dramatically higher than almost all other developed countries. Europe's aggregate fertility varies between approximately 1.3 and 1.5, depending upon region, and Japan is at 1.3.
Source: Population Reference Bureau.

Historically, fertility rates in the United States have fluctuated widely. The total fertility rate decreased from 3.3 children per woman after World War I to 2.1 during the Great Depression, rose to 3.7 in 1957, and then fell to 1.7 in 1976. After 1976, the total fertility rate began to rise again, reaching a level of 2.07 for 1991. Since then, the total fertility rate has remained fairly stable.

Fertility of foreign born women was about 30% higher than native born. Women born in Latin America had a 50% higher fertility rate.
Source: Population Profile at census.gov, 1998.

(Note: although the fertility rate dropped below the zero growth level of 2.1 in 1972 the population will continue to grow for 3 more generations because of population momentum, a relatively high concentration of people in their childbearing years.

Teen Birth Rate:
1990 - 53, 2000 - 47.7, 2002 - 43.0
*Teen births per 1,000 females age 15-19

See: Birth/Death Rates at the World Population Page.
Sources: 
Census Bureau: Population Analysis Spreadsheets (PAS)
Californians for Population Stabilization CAPS
SUSPS
 CDC National Center for Health Statistics
indexMundi
CIA World Factbook
Population and Vital Statistics at the Census Bureau

Immigration:

Two amnesty programs provided legal status to nearly 3 million undocumented immigrants and their families in the late '80s and early '90s.
Source: newsbatch.com/immtotal.html

During the 1990s, the U.S. immigrant population experienced its largest increase ever--about 11.3 million people (0.4%/yr.). As a result, the foreign-born share of the population jumped from 7.9 percent in 1990 to 11.1 percent (31 Million) in 2000. Yet Census Bureau estimates at the beginning of the new century indicate that the enormous increase of the 1990s will pale by comparison to the increase that will take place by the time we reach 2010. If immigration continues at its current rate for the rest of the decade, the immigrant population will have increased by another 14 million, reaching a total of 45 million residents, and it will constitute 14.2 percent of the population.

Region of Birth:
 
Source: U.S.English Foundation (www.us-english.org/foundation/research/amimmigr/)

1851 and 1860, 2,639,752 souls sought a new life in America (1.3% of population/yr.). Most were still of European origin, but many Chinese came to the West Coast during the gold rush period. Most settled in the San Francisco area. The two nationalities coming to the United States in the largest numbers continued to be the Irish and the Germans. kclibrary.nhmccd.edu/19thcentury1850.htm


Illegal Immigration
In Feb. 2003 the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) of the Department of Homeland Security (Formerly Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)) released the first official government figures on illegal immigration since 1996. The figures show that between October 1996 and January 2000, the number of illegal immigrants grew from about 5.8 million to about 7 million, an increase of more than 350,000 annually. (See 2009 update from Pew Research below).

About 850,000 illegals have entered each year since 2000.
An INS estimate for 1999 was:
968,000 new immigrants settled in the US
210,000 Died or returned home on their own.
  63,000 Removed by the INS
183,000 Given Green cards
512,000 Net gain

Where they come from (2003 study):
78% Latin America
13% Asia
  6% Canada/Europe
  3% Africa/other

A 2009 Pew study estimated that 11.9 million illegal immigrants lived in the U.S. Of those, 8.3 million were in the labor force as of March 2008, making up 5.4 percent of the U.S. work force.

In 2008, California had the most illegal immigrants at 2.7 million, double its 1990 number, followed by Texas, Florida, New York and New Jersey. Still, California's 22 percent share of the nation's illegal immigrant population was a marked drop-off from its 42 percent share in 1990.

The majority came from Mexico (59 percent), numbering 7 million. Other regions included Asia (11 percent), Central America (11 percent), South America (7 percent), the Caribbean (4 percent) and the Middle East (2 percent).

The largest group is young families. About 47 percent of illegal immigrant households have children, compared with 21 percent for U.S.-born residents and 35 percent for legal immigrants.
Roughly three out of four of their children -- or 4 million -- were born in the U.S. In 2003, 2.7 million children of illegal immigrants, or 63 percent, were born in this country. About 1 out of 4 youth in the U.S. are immigrants or children of immigrants.

Because the Census Bureau does not ask people about their immigration status, the estimate on illegal immigrants is derived largely by subtracting the estimated legal immigrant population from the total foreign-born population.

An Article at chattheplanet.com states: 5,000 foreigners make unauthorized entries each day. 4,000 of them are apprehended just after they cross the U.S.-Mexico border. 1,000 become illegal immigrants.
The numbers above (900,000 per year) equates to about 2,500 per day who stay.

See:
Population Reference Bureau
Unauthorized Immigrant Population: National and State Trends, 2010 | Pew Hispanic Center
The Migration Policy Institute Oct. 2003
FAIR - Federation for American Immigration Reform - (Illegal)
U. S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) of the Department of Homeland Security.
Center for Immigration Studies

Minority (non-white) population
From: www.census.gov/prod/2001pubs/c2kbr01-1.pdf
For the 2000 census the Census Bureau considers race to be separate from Hispanic or Latino origin. They also allowed people to list combinations (2 or more) of races.

2000 Census
Race Number non-Hisp Hisp Total
One race Percent
  White 211,460,626 69.1 6.0 75.1
  Black or African American 34,658,190 12.1 0.3 12.3
  American Indian and Alaska Native 2,475,956 0.7 0.1 0.9
  Asian 10,242,998 3.6 - 3.6
  Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific 398,835 0.1 - 0.1
  Some other race 15,359,073 0.2 5.3 5.5
Two or more races 6,826,228 1.6 0.8 2.4
Total 281,421,906 87.5 12.5 100
48% of Hispanics reported only White, while approximately 42% reported only Some other race.
See Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin at NationalAtlas.gov

Category 2000 2050
Calif. US US
White (non-hispanic) 46.7% 69.1% 50.1%
Hispanic 32.4% 12.5% 24.4%
Black or African American 6.7% 12.3% 14.6%
Asian 10.9% 3.6% 8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.0% 0.9%
The Census Bureau Projects Tripling of Hispanic and Asian Populations in 50 Years; Non-Hispanic Whites May Drop To Half of Total Population.
See: Immigrants in Calif.
Largest Ethnic Groups in the United States
Ancestry: 2000 - Ethnic Groups in the United States | www.census.gov

Most common two or more race combinations (Hispanic not counted as a race in 2000):
Combination Number % of total pop.
White; Some other race 2,206,251 0.8%
White; American Indian and Alaska Native 1,082,683 0.4%
White; Asian 868,395 0.3%
White; Black or African American 784,764 0.3%
Black or African American; Some other race 417,249 0.1%
American Indian; Hispanic 281,422 0.1%
Asian; Some other race 249,108 0.09%
Black or African American; American Indian and Alaska Native 182,494 0.06%
Asian; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 138,802 0.05%

Whites in combination with other races (2000)
Number Percent
White alone 211,460,626 75.1
White; American Indian and Alaska Native 1,082,683 0.4
White; Asian 868,395 0.3
White: Black or African American 784,764 0.3
White; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 112,964 -
All other combinations including White 2,621,543 0.9
All white incl. combinations 216,930,975 77.1

Note: In certain fields in biology race is used as a synonym for subspecies or, in botany, variety. Race in humans is increasingly regarded as a social construct rather than a biological distinction.

Where they live:

Growth Rates 2007-2008
US population growth rates 2/3 of hispanic growth was from births rather than immigration. This is due to a younger hispanic population and higher birth rate. Median age for non-hispanic whites is 41 yrs., for hispanics it is 28 yrs.
43% of the under 20 population is minority.

By Age
  1990 2000 Change 1990-2000
Age Num % Num % Number Percent
total 248,709,873 100.0% 281,421,906 100.0% 32,712,033 13.2%
Under 5 18,354,443 7.4% 19,175,798 6.8% 821,355 4.5%
5 to 9 18,099,179 7.3% 20,549,505 7.3% 2,450,326 13.5%
10 to 14 17,114,249 6.9% 20,528,072 7.3% 3,413,823 19.9%
15 to 19 17,754,015 7.1% 20,219,890 7.2% 2,465,875 13.9%
20 to 24 19,020,312 7.6% 18,964,001 6.7% -56,311 -0.3%
25 to 29 21,313,045 8.6% 19,381,336 6.9% -1,931,709 -9.1%
30 to 34 21,862,887 8.8% 20,510,388 7.3% -1,352,499 -6.2%
35 to 39 19,963,117 8.0% 22,706,664 8.1% 2,743,547 13.7%
40 to 44 17,615,786 7.1% 22,441,863 8.0% 4,826,077 27.4%
45 to 49 13,872,573 5.6% 20,092,404 7.1% 6,219,831 44.8%
50 to 54 11,350,513 4.6% 17,585,548 6.2% 6,235,035 54.9%
55 to 59 10,531,756 4.2% 13,469,237 4.8% 2,937,481 27.9%
60 to 64 10,616,167 4.3% 10,805,447 3.8% 189,280 1.8%
65 to 69 10,111,735 4.1% 9,533,545 3.4% -578,190 -5.7%
70 to 74 7,994,823 3.2% 8,857,441 3.1% 862,618 10.8%
75 to 79 6,121,369 2.5% 7,415,813 2.6% 1,294,444 21.1%
80 to 84 3,933,739 1.6% 4,945,367 1.8% 1,011,628 25.7%
85 to 89 2,060,247 0.8% 2,789,818 1.0% 729,571 35.4%
90 to 94 769,481 0.3% 1,112,531 0.4% 343,050 44.6%
95 and over 250,437 0.1% 337,238 0.1% 86,801 3.5%
See Also: Age distribution profile at Nationmaster.com
The Aging of the US Population and Its Impact on Computer Use
Life Expectancy 1900 - 2000 at the CDC and Death Rate here.

popul. distr. by age

popul. distr. by age

As a result of aging baby boomers, the U.S. population ages 65 and older will grow from 13 percent today to 18 percent by 2025, and the median age of the country will increase from 35.5 to 39 years of age. By 2050, more than one-fifth of all Americans are expected to be over the age of 65.

See: Population Resource Center and Social Security Admin.

Marital Status of Persons 15 Years and Over (1998)
Males Females All
Total 95,009 102,403 197,412
Married, spouse present 58% 54% 56%
Never married 27% 21% 24%
Currently Divorced 9% 11% 10%
Widowed not remarried 3% 11% 7%
Separated 3% 4% 4%
Ever divoced 20.4% 22.2%  
Source: "Marital Status and Living Arrangements" - (Data Tables), Census Bureau 1998
Marriage/Divorce Rates here
Marriage Stats at unmarried.org See Also:

See Also:
Census Bureau Regions
California stats.


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last updated 16 May 2009