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Map at LonelyPlanet | Reykjavik | Iceland Map and Iceland Satellite Images | Relief Map
SW Iceland - Reykjavík area | Reykjanes Peninsula | Iceland Map -- National Geographic
Only volcaneos near Reykjavík, Iceland are shown. See geology below for others.
If you search for Klakkur (rock or cliff) you will find several different mountains. Small Klakkur (Litli klakkur), 54 m high, and Big Klakkur (Stóri klakkur), 72 m high, are part of the Dímonarklakkar islands which is part of the Breiðafjarðar islands, but I couldn't find them on a map. Another, 1115 m high, is in the Kerlingarfjöll area. Google maps finds the one on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula.
Surtsey off the SW coast is the youngest island in the world, actually a volcano, emerging in an eruption lasting between 1963 and 1968. Only scientists are allowed to visit this island today.
Sights: Golden Circle - Thingvellir, Gullfoss & Geysir
Thingvellir (Þingvellir) - In 930 AD, while most of Europe was mired in feudalism and conflict, chieftains in Iceland gathered in a natural amphitheater to the north and west of Reykjavik and formed what is often referred to as the world's first parliament, the Althing. In Thingvellir, you can stand on a bluff and see the Mid-Atlantic ridge as it carves its way north and east into the island's interior.
Gullfoss - "Golden Falls" with its 105-foot double-cascade into the churning Hvita glacial river
Geysir - The English word geyser comes from Icelandic. It comes from a single geyser
located in the South West of Iceland.
Geysir only performs once or twice a year now, but Strokkur, right next to it
spouts a 60-100 foot jet about once every five minutes.
Note: Look at www.ReykjavikTaxi.is and check on the service there, it was cheaper to go Golden circle with them than the bus companies. Skogafoss - Waterfall 200 ft drop Jökulsárlón Lagoon - A blue lagoon at the base of Vatnajokull glacier filled with many icebergs. National Park Vatnajökull Iceland Explore Vatnajökull National Park - Sierra MagazineIngolfshofdi Nature Preserve - Pufin observing
Islenski Hesturinn, The Icelandic Horse - Riding Tours Fire, Ice, and Water: Iceland - Sierra Club Outings LonelyPlanet Royal Caribean Things to do in Iceland: TripAdvisor Activities - Adventure: Artic Adventures: Day trip, Adventure Combination and Activities from Reykjavik / Combo Trips River Rafting Adventure Tour on Hvítá River. Arctic Adventures Iceland Glacier Adventure Tours From Skaftafell and Reykjavík / GlacierGuides.is Iceland Tours - Iceland Hiking Tours - Iceland Adventure Tours | MountainGuides.is We organize trips to Ingólfshöfði nature reserve and to Hvannadalshnúkur, Iceland's highest peak and glacier hiking and ice climbing trips. Iceland Adventure Travel - National Geographic Adventure Magazine Fimmvorduhals - Hiking trip | EveryTrail Between Eyjafjallajokull and Myrdalsjokull glaciers. Map View new (2010) craters Magni and Móði of the Fimmvörðuháls volcano. SouthWest Iceland (Note: Four towns including Selfoss merged to form Arborg.) Reykjanes Peninsula Blue Lagoon
Tours - Transportation:|
Iceland has no public railways, although proposals to build a passenger line between Keflavík and Reykjavík have been made.
There is ferry service to several of the islands.
About - History:
Between 1262 and 1944 Iceland was a part of Norway then Denmark.
The U.S. replaced England as occupying Iceland in 1941, even though the U.S. had not entered World War II yet.
Rather than using family names – as is the custom in all mainland European and North and South American nations – Icelander use a bit of metronymic or metronymic names. People can choose their own last names, so if Johanna decided she wanted to be identified as Katrin’s daughter, she would be Johanna Katrinsdottir (Katrin’s daughter). So Icelanders are listed in the telephone book by their FIRST names!
Iceland’s recent ice age began in the 18th century. Because of the much colder conditions, this forced 15,000 Icelanders to settle in Canada, out of a population of 70,000.
Thanks to Joe Condrill, lecturer with Royal Caribbean cruise lines, for the information above.
General outlines of the plate boundary in Iceland. Reykjanes Ridge enters Iceland at the tip of the Reykjanes Peninsula (RP). The Hengill triple junction is located at the east end of RP, from where the Western Volcanic Zone (WVZ) extends to the north and the South Iceland Seismic Zone (SISZ) connects it with the Eastern Volcanic Zone (EVZ). EVZ extends north towards the centre of the Iceland mantle plume and the Northern Volcanic Zone (NVZ) extends north of the plume centre. The plate boundary is characterized by en-echelon volcanic systems, in which the volcanic and tectonic activity takes place.
The geothermal heat is mostly used to heat fresh water which, when hot, can be utilized directly for central heating. 89% of all the houses in Iceland are heated this way.
Surtsey off the SW coast which erupted between 1963 and 1968 created the youngest island in the world.
Links: Reykjavik North Atlantic List of volcanoes in Iceland - Wikipedia Iceland Horse Riding Vacation Blue Lagoon Europe Iceland Guide -- National Geographic Iceland's Heated Debate - Exploit a wealth of clean energy or keep their landscape pristine. New earthquake swarms rattle volcanic glaciers in Iceland ScienceDirect.com - Journal of Geodynamics - Volcanism in Iceland in historical time: Transatlantic Cruise
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