Selling:
I recently sold my first home in 38 years. What a pain.

The last time we sold a house was 38 years ago in 1978. We hired a realtor, hid the dirty laundry and dishes and put it on the market.
In the mean time we built a new $350,000 house in Somerset Co. NJ (at the time the county with the highest median income in the country) which is worth about $750,000 now.

I talked to multiple realtors and got all kinds of conflicting advice.

I started with a couple of people I knew at my church. I wanted to get advice on what repairs I needed (e.g. replace 25 year old roof shingles), but all they could see was my clutter and wouldn't recommend anything but decluttering.
I decided this could be a contentious process and decided it was best not to use someone in my circle of friends.

I finally figured out that realtors didn't have my best interest in mind.
They wanted to get the house on the market and sold quickly to collect their commission and move on.
My late wife and I had spent a lot of time designing a custom home and developing the landscaping over 30 years. I didn't want to let it go for a song. That being said it can be a problem to get too emotional about the process.
A quick sale is probably OK for most people who have to move in a short time for a new job opportunity, but I was retired and had no time constraints, other than getting out before next fall so I wouldn't have to rake the leaves in my yard again with a dozen big oak and maple trees. :-)

I know how to take pictures and build a web page to advertise my house, so I was thinking I would sell it myself and save the $40,000 real estate commission.

I hired a stager.
I should have done that first. What she told me (of course she's promoting her services), was that if your house is staged before you bring in a realtor, they will get a better impression of the house so they will be more likely to promote it and set a higher listing price.

I've got to declutter, declutter, declutter (including the garage and basement) repaint, inside and out, replace old light fixtures in the bathrooms. Remove all the shelves that are not built in, remove half the books on the other bookshelves. Remove the TV, extra tables and chairs. Replace the formica kitchen counters with granite or


For Sale by owner (FSBO):
About 10% of home sales are FSBO.

Studies have shown that the typical house sold by the homeowner sells for $184,000 while the typical house sold by an agent sells for $230,000. This doesn’t mean that an agent can get $46,000 more for your home, studies have shown that people are more likely to FSBO in markets with lower price points.

At For sale by owner: More homeowners ditching real estate brokers - Money.CNN.com Oct. 11, 2013 they say,
"Real estate agents are willing to take a lower price to make a quick sale, but that would cost me a lot of money,"
A study by Stanford University economists Douglas Bernheim and Jonathan Meer supports that concern. They found that homes on campus using real estate brokers sold for 5.9% to 7.7% less than homes sold without brokers.

A study, "The Relative Performance of Real Estate Marketing Platforms: MLS versus FSBO" at the U. Wisconsin Madison, found "There was no gain in price in selling a home through MLS vs. by owner."
- See more at: Study Offers Provocative Comparison of Selling a Home

For Sale By Owner Services Inc., based in Overland Park, Kansas. It charges $695 for a package that includes a three-hour seminar, ads in its FSBO magazine and Web site, a real-estate lawyer's services, necessary documents, yard signs, and other aids. According to my Realestate Agent

Popular FSBO web sites:
Most charge a fee around $300.
ForSaleByOwner.com
FSBO.com
HomesByOwner.com
Real Estate and Homes for Sale - Search, Buy, Sell | Owners.com

Costs of FSBO:

Flat fee MLS service : $400-800
Flyers: $50
Open house : $360 (3 OH's at 4 hours each at what your time is worth $30/hr)
Your time showing the house: $300 (20 visitors at 1/2 hour each at $30/hr)
Newspaper advertising of open house: $200-$300 each time
Contract negotiations and follow up: $450 (15 hours at $30/hr)
Time spent waiting for buyers to show who don't: $150
Total: $1860 to $2360 (and there's more I left out)
Source: Home Selling: What is the best FSBO site to use? - Trulia Voices

Advantages of using an Agent:

  • A Realtor has access to market data about recent sales and other homes on the market that can be used to price your home appropriately. Studies show that homes priced right when they’re first listed sell more quickly and for a higher price than those that linger on the market.
  • A Realtor can show your home when you aren’t available, can respond to inquiries from potential buyers and their agents, and can get valuable feedback from visitors – all things that save you time.
  • A Realtor can look at your home objectively and suggest ways to improve its appearance – by staging and minor repairs – so it appeals to more buyers.
  • Buyers typically prefer to look at a home without the seller present so they can feel more comfortable exploring the rooms and visualizing themselves in the property. At an FSBO sale, the seller must be present.
  • A Realtor can screen visitors to your home, which provides a measure of safety that FSBO sellers don’t have. In addition, by checking to see if the buyers are legitimate and can afford to purchase your home, a Realtor can help you avoid wasting time showing your home to unrealistic buyers.
  • Realtors have professional marketing expertise, contacts with other Realtors who work with buyers, and the support of a brokerage that can market your home more widely than you can as an individual.
  • A Realtor can help you negotiate a contract that not only garners you an appropriate price for your home, but that meets your needs for a settlement date and perhaps includes a period when you rent back your home from your buyer. In addition, a Realtor can make sure your contract is in compliance with all local regulations.
Source: Why For-Sale-by-Owner Sales Fail - Sell - realtor.com See:
For sale by owner - Wikipedia
Real Estate Homes For Sale By Owner | FSBO.com
Real Estate Listings: Buy or Sell a House | ForSaleByOwner   8 Easy Home Selling Tips | ForSalebyOwner.com
  Home Seller's Checklist -
Mistakes to Avoid When Selling Your Own Home - WSJ
staging
5 Reasons You Shouldn’t For Sale by Owner | Keeping Current Matters

See:
10 Ways To Turn Off A Homebuyer | Bankrate.com
10 Things to Do Before You List Your House | HowStuffWorks
Home staging
Signs:

Typical signs are 24x18"
Real Estate Signs, Open House Signs, For Sale Signs by Dee Sign®

Repairs:
Smaller replacement projects, particularly those that enhance curb appeal, remain the most cost effective way for sellers to improve value.

Cost vs. Value 2015 | National | Remodeling

Roofs:
Should you replace an old roof?
At Should You Repair Your Roof or Sell As-Is? | Redfin they quote return on investment at Remodeling Magazine , which says you'll get 57% return.
They go on to say,
"There is one reason you might choose to spend money on your roof: to sell your home faster. Well-maintained homes have the potential to sell faster because they show better when people tour them in-person, and that’s one less concern for the buyer to take into account. "
"Similarly, selling as-is and pricing your home lower to compensate could work in your favor to attract multiple buyers in a bidding war."

Does a new roof add any value to a home? | Zillow says,
"You will recoup 71.6% of the cost."

An old roof could affect the ability of the buyer to get a mortgage depending on the market and how far they are stretching to qualify.

Realtors responding to the question at Homes.com generally say yes.

Another issue is cost. I got estimates from $11,000 - $27,000 to replace my roof, both with lifetime guarantees. A buyer will usually


Buying:

Links:
5 Myths and 5 Truths About Selling Your Home - Zillow Porchlight
Mistakes to Avoid When Selling Your Own Home - WSJ
InspectAPedia.com - Building & Indoor Environment Problem Diagnosis & Repair
Trulia’s Home Buying Checklist - Trulia's Blog - Real Estate 101
Most Popular Real Estate Websites | May 2017
1. Zillow, 2. Trulia, 3. Realtor.com, 4. Yahoo Homes, 5.Redfin

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last updated 24 Nov 2015