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There are two basic ways to control gophers and moles. 1. Chase them away, 2. Kill them.
Underground fencing might be justified for valuable ornamental shrubs or landscape trees.
Chase them away using repellants.
However, there are many reviews on the Web about repellants which produce some results although many admit that killing them is the only sure control.
Repellants Homemade: Stick a few dryer Sheets in each opening and cover with dirt. Used cat litter may also work. Dog Doo also. Coffee Grounds spread through the yard and soil. Castor Oil + dish soap - A blender helps emulsify it. Spray the solution over your lawn. Or 1/2 c Castor Oil [$10-16 oz], 1tsp Tabasco sauce [$2.50] and a few drops of peppermint oil [$9-1/2 oz]) Dip cotton balls into the mixture and stick the balls into active gopher holes. See more on how it works below. Commercial: Castor Oil pellets using a lawn spreader, sprays and sound/vibration spikes.
See Solar Powered Mole and Gopher Repellent stakes at CleanAirGardening.com and Sonic Mole Spikes at Nextag and Smart Solar Solar Mole and Gopher Chaser at BuyGardenThings.comHow Castor Oil Works:
Gopher Repellent at DoMyOwnPestControl.com says,
"Castor oil coats the animals' food source and causes stomach disruptions in the animals. However, it may take up to three weeks for the gopher repellent to meet its maximum effectiveness level. The targeted animals must make the association between feeding in a particular area and the stomach disruptions before maximum repellency takes place."
Other sources say it works in a few days.
How to Get Rid of Gophers and Moles at Home & Garden Television (HGTV) says,
Gophers vs Moles: Gophers eat roots of plants Moles eat grubs and earthworms. Mole mounds are sometimes mistaken for gopher mounds. See the UC Davis guide (link below) for how to distinguish the mounds. Links: Pocket Gophers Management Guidelines--UC Davis IPM (Integrated Pest Managment) How do you get rid of moles or gophers? - Yahoo! Answers How to Get Rid of Gophers: 15 Steps - wikiHow Gopher and Mole Solutions | GardenCompass.com www.ehow.com/way_5588510_homemade-gopher-repellent.html www.ehow.com/how_12006004_make-castor-oil-gopher-repellent.html www.ehow.com/how_7186390_control-pellets-using-lawn-spreader.html