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Engineering:

1882 - MIT establishes, within the Department of Physics,
       the nation's first curriculum in electrical engineering.
1934 - Harold Edgerton and Kenneth Germeshausen produce a stroboscope for
      high speed photography.

Computing:

1925 - Vannevar Bush develops analog computers, culminating in the
   Differential Analyzer in the early 1940's
1952 - Jay Forrester invents core memory
1960 - Ivan Sutherland develops "sketchpad", a graphical drawing program.
     It leads to computer-aided design (CAD) software.
1950's - Jay Forrester develops the magnetic core memory.
1959 - John McCarthy invents LISP, the computer programming language
  used in artificial intelligence research.
1970 - M.I.T. graduate Ray Kurzweil developed the first CCD flatbed scanner
      and the first optical character recognition (OCR) software that could read any font. 
1971 - M.I.T. graduate Ray Tomlinson, then working at Bolt, Beranek and Newman
     (BBN, itself founded by two M.I.T. professors  developed a way to send email
     between networked computers, specifically over ARPANet
1973 -  M.I.T. graduate Bob Metcalfe (along with David Boggs) invents Ethernet
      while working at Xerox’s Palo Alto Research Center (PARC).
1975 - Barbara Liskov designs the CLU programming language forming the basis
    for languages like Java and C#.
1976 - Kurzweil develops Kurzweil Reading Machine, for scanning and reading 
       books and documents aloud to the blind.
1976 - former M.I.T. professor Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf of Stanford develop
      Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP)
      which becomes the dominant protocol for the Internet.
1977 - Ronald Rivest, Adi Shamir and Leonard Adleman invent the first workable
  public key cryptography system (RSA)
1979 -  M.I.T. graduates Dan Bricklin and Bob Frankston develop the first spreadsheet
     VisiCalc which ran on the Apple II personal computer
1984 - Richard Stallman a MIT researcher in the AI Lab left to found
       what became the GNU Project, to create open source software.
1994 - Tim Berners-Lee who invented the World Wide Web at CERN left and joined M.I.T.’s
      Laboratory for Computer Science where he founded the World Wide Web Consortium, 

Physical Science:

1934 Robert Van de Graaff and John Trump construct a million-volt x-ray generator,
   which is widely used in cancer therapy.
1940's MIT's Radiation Lab develops microwave radar.
1957 - John Sheehan achieves the first chemical synthesis of penicillin.
1973 - Jerome Friedman and Henry Kendall complete experiments demonstrating the 
  existance of quarks. 1990 Nobel Prize

Biology+life sciences:

1800's - William Sedgwick traces the Mass. typhoid fever epidemic to contaminated water
  Foundation of public health and father of epidemiology in the U.S.
1887 - Ellen Swallow Richards - Establishes modern water safety and sanitation standards.
1959 - Jerome Lettvin's research on perception and animal behavior leads to the discovery
   of "feature detectors" a key development in understanding visual perception.
1960 - Hans-Lukas Teuber identifies areas of the brain 
  responsible for specific functions.
1960's - Salvador Luria makes pioneering advances in viral genetics.
  1969 Nobel Prize in physiology or Medicine.
1969 - Ioannis Yannas begins developing artificial skin for burn victoms.
1976 - Har Gobind Khorana and colleagues synthesize the first manufactured gene
  fully functional in a living cell. 1968 Nobel Prize for other work.
1985 - Susumu Tonegawa describes the structure of the gene for the receptors
 "anchor molecules" on the immune system's master cells.  1987 Nobel Prize.
1985 Robert Horvitz identifies the first two genes responsible for cell death.
  2002 Nobel Prize.
Mathematics:
1923 - Norbert Wiener provides the foundation for stochastic processes.
   His 1948  book Cybernetics describes the interaction of man and electronics.

Economics and Management:

1940's and 50's - Paul Samuelson applies mathematical techniques to economic analysis
  Wins the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1970
1950's - Franco Modigliani develops the "life-cycle" theory of savings and
  theory of corporate finance.  1985 Nobel Prize.
1961 - RObert Solow formulates one of tahe first general models of economic growth.
   1987 Nobel Prize.
  

Architecture:
Links:
Busy Beavers: 10 things M.I.T. computer scientists have given the world | ITworld
Innovation and inventions @ MIT News
MIT Spectrum > innovation+inventions
Inventor of the Week: Archive

last updated 27 Oct 2010