1882 - MIT establishes, within the Department of Physics, the nation's first curriculum in electrical engineering. 1934 - Harold Edgerton and Kenneth Germeshausen produce a stroboscope for high speed photography.
1925 - Vannevar Bush develops analog computers, culminating in the Differential Analyzer in the early 1940's 1952 - Jay Forrester invents core memory 1960 - Ivan Sutherland develops "sketchpad", a graphical drawing program. It leads to computer-aided design (CAD) software. 1950's - Jay Forrester develops the magnetic core memory. 1959 - John McCarthy invents LISP, the computer programming language used in artificial intelligence research. 1970 - M.I.T. graduate Ray Kurzweil developed the first CCD flatbed scanner and the first optical character recognition (OCR) software that could read any font. 1971 - M.I.T. graduate Ray Tomlinson, then working at Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN, itself founded by two M.I.T. professors developed a way to send email between networked computers, specifically over ARPANet 1973 - M.I.T. graduate Bob Metcalfe (along with David Boggs) invents Ethernet while working at Xerox’s Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). 1975 - Barbara Liskov designs the CLU programming language forming the basis for languages like Java and C#. 1976 - Kurzweil develops Kurzweil Reading Machine, for scanning and reading books and documents aloud to the blind. 1976 - former M.I.T. professor Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf of Stanford develop Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP) which becomes the dominant protocol for the Internet. 1977 - Ronald Rivest, Adi Shamir and Leonard Adleman invent the first workable public key cryptography system (RSA) 1979 - M.I.T. graduates Dan Bricklin and Bob Frankston develop the first spreadsheet VisiCalc which ran on the Apple II personal computer 1984 - Richard Stallman a MIT researcher in the AI Lab left to found what became the GNU Project, to create open source software. 1994 - Tim Berners-Lee who invented the World Wide Web at CERN left and joined M.I.T.’s Laboratory for Computer Science where he founded the World Wide Web Consortium,
1934 Robert Van de Graaff and John Trump construct a million-volt x-ray generator, which is widely used in cancer therapy. 1940's MIT's Radiation Lab develops microwave radar. 1957 - John Sheehan achieves the first chemical synthesis of penicillin. 1973 - Jerome Friedman and Henry Kendall complete experiments demonstrating the existance of quarks. 1990 Nobel Prize
1800's - William Sedgwick traces the Mass. typhoid fever epidemic to contaminated water Foundation of public health and father of epidemiology in the U.S. 1887 - Ellen Swallow Richards - Establishes modern water safety and sanitation standards. 1959 - Jerome Lettvin's research on perception and animal behavior leads to the discovery of "feature detectors" a key development in understanding visual perception. 1960 - Hans-Lukas Teuber identifies areas of the brain responsible for specific functions. 1960's - Salvador Luria makes pioneering advances in viral genetics. 1969 Nobel Prize in physiology or Medicine. 1969 - Ioannis Yannas begins developing artificial skin for burn victoms. 1976 - Har Gobind Khorana and colleagues synthesize the first manufactured gene fully functional in a living cell. 1968 Nobel Prize for other work. 1985 - Susumu Tonegawa describes the structure of the gene for the receptors "anchor molecules" on the immune system's master cells. 1987 Nobel Prize. 1985 Robert Horvitz identifies the first two genes responsible for cell death. 2002 Nobel Prize.Mathematics:
1923 - Norbert Wiener provides the foundation for stochastic processes. His 1948 book Cybernetics describes the interaction of man and electronics.
Economics and Management:
1940's and 50's - Paul Samuelson applies mathematical techniques to economic analysis Wins the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1970 1950's - Franco Modigliani develops the "life-cycle" theory of savings and theory of corporate finance. 1985 Nobel Prize. 1961 - RObert Solow formulates one of tahe first general models of economic growth. 1987 Nobel Prize.