Lute   >1300 BC
Guitar 1200 6 strings ( E, A, D, G, B, and E)
Mandolin  4 strings (G D A E)
Notes on a standard (88 key) piano

Tunings usually go from low to high left to right.
Instrumenet Strings Courses Tuning
Mandolin 8 4 G3 G3•D4 D4•A4 A4•E5 E5
Vioilin 4 4 G3 D4 A4 E5
InstrumentsStrings Courses Tunings
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last updated 22 Oct 2013